Technology in Action Chapter 1

Affective computing
A type of computing that relates to emotion or that deliberately tries to influence emotion

Augmented Reality
A combination of our normal sense of the objects around us with an overlay of information displayed

Cognitive Surplus
The combination of leisure time and the tools needed to be creative

Collaborative Consumption
Joining together as a group to use a specific product more efficiently

Computer Forensics
The application of computer systems and techniques to gather potential legal evidence; a law enforcement specialty used to fight high-tech crime.

Computer Literate
Being familiar enough with computers that a user knows how to use them and understands their capabilities and limitations

Crisis-mapping tool
A tool that collects information from emails, text messages, blog posts, and twitter tweets and maps them, making the information instantly publicly available

Crowdfunding
Asking for small donations from a large number of people, often using the internet; a style of generating capital to start a business through social media

Crowdsourcing
The phenomenon of consumers checking in with the voice of the crowd before making purchases.

Data Mining
the process by which great amounts of data are analyzed and investigated. The objective is to spot significant patterns or trends within the data that would otherwise not be obvious

Digital Divide
The discrepancy between those who have access to the opportunities and knowledge that computers and the internet offer and those who do not

Information Technology (IT)
the set of techniques used in processing and retrieving information

QR (Quick Response) Codes
Technology that lets any piece of print in the real world host a live link to online information and video content

Social Networking
A means by which people use the internet to communicate and share information among their immediate friends and to meet and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends

Software
The set of computer programs or instructions that tells the computer what to do and that enables it to preform different tasks

Spam
Unwanted or junk email

Web 2.0
Tools and web-based services that emphasize online collaboration and sharing among users

Business-to-business (B2B)
A portion of e-commerce that consists of businesses buying and selling goods and services to other businesses

Business-to-consumer (B2C)
A portion of e-commerce where exchanges take place between businesses and consumers-such as the purchases that consumers make at online stores

Consumer-to-consumer (C2C)
A portion of e-commerce that consists of consumers selling to each other through online auction and exchanges sites

E-commerce (or electronic commerce)
Process of conducting business online, such as through advertising and selling products

Social commerce
A subset of e-commerce that uses social networks to assist in marketing and purchasing products

Secure Online Shopping
1) The beginning of the URL changes from Http to https
2) The site displays a seal from a reputable third-party web security company
3) A small icon of a closed padlock appears on the toolbar
4) Use your common sense and shop at well-known, reputable sites.

Bluetooth
a type of wireless communication

Halo Infant protection system
Allows hospitals to monitor the location of every newborn instantly

Hardware
Computer printers and other devices

South Korea
The most wired country in the world, where 80% of households have high-speed internet connections.

RFID Radio Frequency Identification Tags
Ranchers use to manage and minimize disease outbreaks among cattle; RFID tags emit a wireless signal at all times across a network, which can communicate with other devices.

Next Einstein Initiative NEI
Focuses technological resources on talented young Africans

Social Networking*
the gathering together of groups of people using online tools to connect and exchange ideas

Crisis Mapping Tool*
collects info from e-mails, texts, blogs, tweets, and maps them making the info instantly publicly available. (example) Ushahidi

Ushahidi
example of crisis mapping tool. Developed In Kenya when a Okolloh was overwhelmed with messages about the violence. Later SwiftRiver was developed which rates the submissions and quality of info for accurateness.

Witness Project
uses cameras and video to “See it. Film It. Change It.”

Digital Divide*
difference in ease of access to technology. prevents us from using all of the minds on the planet to solve the planet’s problems.

AIMS
teaching young minds in Africa so we can use their smarts. African Institute for Mathematical Sciences. Trying to close the digital divide

High Low Tech
Use inexpensive low tech parts to imitate the utility of expensive high tech tools

Creative Surplus*
the ability of the world’s populace to volunteer and collaborate on large projects.

What three things pushes people to apply their free time to projects, for no money?
Autonomy, Mastery, and Purpose

Autonomy*
freedom to work without constant direction and control

Mastery*
feeling of confidence and excitement from seeing your own skills progress

Purpose*
the understanding that you are working for something larger than yourself

People form into groups based on what?
Not age or income, but common interests.

Who uses social networking the most?
Women, so marketers will be increasingly driven by female perspective and by a more complex model of what groups are attracted to. No more cliches

How do we connect in the technology age?
through music, there are new ways with Google Street View (apply music with pictures to evoke emotional memories) and now we report the news (DYTHR)

QR Codes (Quick Response Codes)*
any piece of print in the real world can host a live link to online info and video content. They can be on fliers, advertisements, signs etc. Use app on smartphone to scan the code

Crowdsourcing*
checking in with the voice of the crowd. Example) MobileVoice to see people’s verdict on quality of an item. Some companies are using them to improve their business and be proactive.

Swap.com
usees power of peer to peer connections to find best set of matches for people to trade things.

Collaborative Consumption*
joining together as a group to use a specific product more efficiently. redistribute things we have purchased, share our lives, share services a product provides instead of owning it outright

Computer Literate*
being familiar enough with computers that you understand their capabilities and limitations and know how to use them efficiently

How to be computer savvy
avoid hackers protect privacy understand real risks use web wisely avoid online annoyances (spam)be able to maintain, upgrade, and troubleshoot computer

Spam*
electronic junk mail

software*
instructions that tell your computer what to do. install the right ones to avoid online annoyances

Information Technology*
field of study focused on managing and processing info and the automatic retrieval of info. includes computers, telecommunications, and software deployment

Data Mining*
process of searching huge amounts of data with the hope of finding a pattern. For inventory control and to be able to respond to consumer buying patterns

How are arts and computers related?
need to know how to manage a website for selling your art. new experiences for audiences such as dance movements that are computer generated. Mastery software suchas Adobe Illustrator and photoshop is essential for creating digital art

Video Games
they are best developed for a local market by people native to that market so it won’t be offshored

Offshored*
sent to other countries. many types of programming jobs have suffered this, but not video game development

Education and Technology
students and teachers must have working knowledge of computers now.

Teachers can show students simulations online and use instructional software programs on the web
Museums and Technology now have virtual tours on websites also used to enhance visitors experiences at museums suchas New York’s Museum of Art which has podcasts and multimedia tours to supplement experience while there.

Khan Accademy
nonprofit website that has videos to teach students. Also has automated testing following each video series so students can try similar problems until show mastery. teacher can follow what is happening in the classroom too so knows how exactly to help students

Technology in Law Enforcement
facial recognition from skull search databases computer based trainingcomputer forensics

Micro-expressions
training tool software system can train users to recognize emotions

computer forensics*
analyzes computer systems with specific techniques to gather potential legal evidence. When have a suspect can search computer history and searches etc

Technology and Medicine
biomedical chip implants could give sight to the blind VeriMed is a personal ID chip size of rice and implanted under skin; contains name address and medical conditions of person whom the chip was implanted in Mu-chip as well Science and Technology Tornado forecasting more accurate can study ruins without being onsite

Psychology and Technology
working to develop computers that can respond to human emotional expression and to have computers have emotional and social skills affective computing

Affective Computing
computing that relates to emotion or deliberately tries to influence emotion. the wide gap in computers’ ability to do calculations versus their emotional abilities is the target of research

Emotional – Social prosthesis (ESP) device
targeted at helping people who have autism.

Augmented Reality
a combination of our normal sense of the objects around us with an overlay of info displayed

SixthSense
wearable device hanging around your neck that has a camera a projector and a mirror that communicates with the internet over bluetooth through the cell phone in your pocket. It AUGMENTS REALITY by giving you info as you need it.

Which technologies have been used during times of crisis?
Ushahidi, SwiftRiver, Email, NOT QR codes

artists interface with technology often but cannot yet
use software to suggest plot endings

people who dont read emotion easily in others hope for new progress in the field of
affective computing

studies reveal that human motivation is fostered by
increasing levels of mastery, ability to self direct, and directing your work toward a higher goal than just your own needs

collaborative consumption is
when people get together to increase the use of a single product by sharing access to it

social networking tools played a part in what?
revolutions in 2011

computer forensics uses computer systems and technology to
gather potential legal evidence

IT is the abbreviation for
Information Technology

what allows retailers to respond to consumer buying patterns?
data mining

The crisis of growing digital divide is being addressed by what?
the Next Einstein project

Researchers believe that microchips may one day
be able to restore sight to the blind

what can forecast tornadoes within minutes?
supercomputers

if criminal investigators using computer forensics find evidence
the evidence CAN be used in court

A field of study focused on managing and processing information and the automatic retrieval of information is
Information Technology

The gathering together of groups of people using online tools to connect and exchange ideas is
social networking

What provides a level of instant connection and instant distribution of information that is reshaping the world
social networking tools

The digital divide contributes to
the cycle of poverty

Social Networking
A means by which people use the Internet to communicate and share information among their immediate friends, and meet and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends.

Crisis Mapping Tool
A tool that collects information from e-mails, text messages, blog posts, and Twitter tweets and maps them, making the information instantly publicly available.

Digital Divide
The gap between the levels of Internet access and the availability of technical tools in different regions of the world.

Autonomy
working without continual direction and control

QR Codes
A technology that lets any piece of print in the real world host a live link to online information and video content.

Crowdsourcing
solicits online input from consumers

Collaborative Consumption
Sharing products rather than owning them individually

Computer Literate
Being familiar enough with computers that you understand their capabilities and limitations and you know how to use them.

Spam
Unwanted junk e-mail.

Augmented Reality
A combination of our normal sense of the objects around us with an overlay of information displayed.

Affective Computing
A type of computing that relates to emotion or deliberately tries to influence emotion.

binary digit (bit)
A digit that corresponds to the on and off states of a computer’s switches. A bit contains a value of either 0 or 1.

binary
The language computers use to process data into information, consisting of only the values 0 and 1.

data mining
The process by which great amounts of data are analyzed and investigated. The objective is to spot significant patterns or trends within the data that would otherwise not be obvious.

Information technology (IT)
field of study focused on handling and automatic retrieval of information.

purpose
The understanding that you are working for something larger than yourself.

Autonomy
1st factor that leads to greater motivation

Cognitive Surplus
results when leisure time and tools allow us to engage in creative acts

Mastery
feeling confident and excited about learning new skills

crowdfunding
Using the Internet to get small donations from many people to start a business is called

Quick Response
What does QR stand for?

Skype
A popular Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service

Software
refers to the commands that instruct a computer what to do

Computer Forensics
Analyzing computer systems to gather potential legal evidence

Ushahidi
Crisis Mapping Tool

Witness Protection
hopes to stop human rights abuses throughout the world

Next Einstein Initiative
rallying the support of the world to identify mathematical genius

Purpose
2nd factor that leads to greater motivation

Mastery
3rd factor that leads to greater motivation

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