Tech In Action Flashcards – 105

question

The _______ manages the flow of data and information through the computer system by coordinating the hardware, software, user interface processor, and system memory.
answer

operating system
question

The _______ of the operating system allows the user to communicate with the computer system.
answer

user interface
question

Which of the following is a single-user, multitask operating system?
answer

Mac OS
question

Which of the following was the first widely used operating system installed in personal computers?
answer

MS-DOS
question

Which of the following is NOT a function of the operating system?
answer

It manages the removal of spyware
question

The most essential software in your computer system is the ________.
answer

operating system software
question

The version of Windows 7 that is most appropriate for high-end PC users, gamers, and multimedia professionals is ________.
answer

Windows 7 Ultimate
question

The combination of operating system and processor in a computer is referred to as a computer’s ________.
answer

platform
question

All of the following can be considered to be network operating systems EXCEPT:
answer

Symbian OS
question

Some video games require a ________ operating system.
answer

real-time
question

Which of the following operating systems is used primarily with mainframes as a network operating system?
answer

UNIX
question

Microsoft Windows and Mac OS use a ________ interface.
answer

graphical user
question

Which of the following statements about a graphical user interface is FALSE?
answer

A GUI is a command-driven interface
question

During the virtual memory process, the operating system moves data to a temporary storage area on the hard drive called the ________ file.
answer

swap
question

XO is the name of the computer being provided by the ________ project.
answer

One Laptop per Child
question

Each device attached to your computer comes with a special program called a ________ that facilitates communication between the device and the OS.
answer

device driver
question

The ________ is responsible for managing the processor and all other components of the computer system, and is an essential part of the operating system.
answer

kernel
question

Which of the following is the first step in the boot process?
answer

The BIOS is activated by powering on the CPU
question

The ________ is a program that manages the data between the operating system and all input and output devices attached to the system.
answer

BIOS
question

The basic input/output system is stored on a ________ chip.
answer

ROM
question

Which of the following is NOT a step in the boot process?
answer

The antivirus program checks all files for viruses
question

Which of the following does NOT occur during the power-on self-test?
answer

The OS is moved into RAM
question

The ________ contains all of the different configurations used by the OS and by other applications.
answer

registry
question

All of the following are terms related to part of the boot process EXCEPT:
answer

USB
question

________ are easy-to-use mini desktop programs that give you information at a glance or quick access to frequently used tools including weather information, calendar items, or games.
answer

Gadgets
question

In the Windows operating system, the hard drive is represented as the ________.
answer

C drive
question

The OS allows you to organize the contents of your computer in a hierarchical structure of ________.
answer

directories
question

Windows 7 introduces the concept of ________, which are folders that gather files from different locations and display the files as if they were all saved in a single folder.
answer

libraries
question

In a Windows folder, to display files and folders as icons in list form, use ________ view.
answer

Tiles
question

All of the following can be used in a Windows file name EXCEPT:
answer

*
question

The location of a file is specified by its ________.
answer

file path
question

In Windows, which character is used as a path separator?
answer

backslash ()
question

C:DocumentsSpring 2012CIS 101Term PaperComputer Technology is an example of a ________.
answer

file path
question

In Windows, a file path starts with a ________.
answer

drive letter
question

If Microsoft Word 2010 is used to create a file, which file extension is added automatically?
answer

.docx
question

Which of the following would be a name of a Microsoft Access file?
answer

inventory.accdb
question

Which of the following statements concerning the Windows Recycle Bin is TRUE?
answer

You can restore files that have been moved to the Recycle Bin
question

With Windows Explorer, you can perform all of the following file management actions EXCEPT:
answer

editing files
question

Which of the following Windows utility programs arranges files on your hard drive in sequential order?
answer

Disk Defragmenter
question

Which of the following types of programs help manage system resources such as the hard drive?
answer

utility programs
question

You can use the Windows ________ to check on a nonresponsive program.
answer

Task Manager
question

In Windows, you can create ________ to reset your system in the case of a malfunction.
answer

restore points
question

Mac OS X includes a backup utility called ________.
answer

Time Machine
question

If you want to automatically defragment your hard drive every week, you can set a predetermined time using the ________.
answer

Task Scheduler
question

All computers do not need an operating system.
answer

FALSE
question

The user interface is part of a computer’s operating system.
answer

TRUE
question

Boot Camp is a utility that allows you to run Windows and Mac OS X at the same time.
answer

TRUE
question

The most recent version of the Mac operating system is called Mac OS X.
answer

TRUE
question

You can download a version of Linux from the Internet for free.
answer

TRUE
question

Linux is an open source operating system that can be used both on personal computers and as a networking operating system.
answer

TRUE
question

Linux does not have a default user interface.
answer

TRUE
question

The type of processor in the computer dictates which operating system a desktop uses.
answer

TRUE
question

The combination of a computer’s operating system and application software is referred to as the computer’s platform.
answer

FALSE
question

A common-driven-interface is one in which you enter commands to communicate with the computer system.
answer

TRUE
question

When virtual memory is in use, the condition of excessive paging is called swapping.
answer

FALSE
question

Windows 7 will run with 1 GB of RAM, but the system might be challenged by limited resources, especially with graphic-intensive programs.
answer

TRUE
question

When your computer runs out of RAM, the operating system borrows space from the CPU.
answer

FALSE
question

With the Plug and Play standard, adding hardware to your computer becomes easier.
answer

TRUE
question

Installing a device driver can sometimes cause system instability.
answer

TRUE
question

PnP stands for Plug and Play.
answer

TRUE
question

If you install a device that is not PnP, you will be prompted to install a driver.
answer

TRUE
question

CMOS is a special kind of memory that uses a great deal of power.
answer

FALSE
question

Tiles view is the most interactive view of a Windows folder.
answer

FALSE
question

Live Icons allow you to preview the actual contents of a specific file or folder from within a window without actually having to open the file.
answer

TRUE
question

When using Windows, you should create a restore point before installing new software.
answer

TRUE
question

You can use System Restore to restore your system’s settings back to a specific date when everything was working properly.
answer

TRUE
question

The Windows Backup and Restore Utility allows you to make a duplicate copy of all the data on your hard drive.
answer

TRUE
question

A multiuser operating system is also described as a network operating system.
answer

TRUE
question

In Safe mode, only the essential devices of the system function.
answer

TRUE
question

Safe boot is a special diagnostic mode designed for troubleshooting errors that occur during the boot process.
answer

FALSE
question

The High Contrast accessibility feature allows you to select a color scheme setting in which you control the contrast between text and background.
answer

TRUE
question

A tiled window cannot be resized.
answer

FALSE
question

Moore’s Law is a rule that predicts ________.
answer

the pace at which CPUs improve
question

The CPU is connected to the system memory by the ________.
answer

front side bus
question

Each of the following is a computer subsystem EXCEPT the:
answer

data subsystem
question

Which of the following activities is carried out by the ALU?
answer

completion of all arithmetic calculations
question

CPU speed, also called clock speed, is currently measured in ________.
answer

gigahertz
question

The CPU consists of which two parts?
answer

the control unit and the arithmetic logic unit
question

The control unit is one component of the ________.
answer

CPU
question

The percentage of time your CPU is working is referred to as CPU ________.
answer

usage
question

Front side bus speed is measured in ________.
answer

megahertz
question

________ provides high-speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set has been finished.
answer

Hyperthreading
question

Cache memory levels are determined by ________.
answer

the chip’s proximity to the CPU
question

The amount of RAM recommended for most systems today is measured in ________.
answer

GB
question

Kernel memory is ________.
answer

RAM memory used by the operating system
question

All of the following are forms of RAM EXCEPT:
answer

XRAM
question

The small circuit boards that hold a series of RAM chips are called ________.
answer

memory modules
question

The amount of RAM that is actually on the memory modules in your computer is the ________ memory.
answer

physical
question

On a Windows system, you can determine the amount of RAM by looking in the ________ window.
answer

System Properties
question

When referring to hard drives, seek time and latency are the two factors that make up ________.
answer

access time
question

When referring to hard drives, access time is measured in ________.
answer

milliseconds
question

Which of the following statements is true about optical media?
answer

A Blu-ray burner will most likely burn both CDs and DVDs
question

Which is the fastest type of optical drive on the market?
answer

Blu-ray drives
question

An expansion card that translates binary data into images is a(n) ________.
answer

video card
question

A ________ performs the same kind of computational work that a CPU performs but is specialized to handle 3-D graphics and image and video processing.
answer

GPU
question

A video card is an expansion card installed inside your ________.
answer

system unit
question

Two types of video memory are ________.
answer

GDDR3 and GDDR5
question

Windows 7 incorporates ________, which enables you to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system via a network connection.
answer

Windows Easy Transfer
question

Running the Disk Defragmenter utility will ________.
answer

make the hard drive work more efficiently
question

Running the Disk Cleanup utility is a quick way to ________.
answer

clear out unnecessary files
question

To make sure your computer performs reliably, you can do all of the following EXCEPT:
answer

increase the front side bus speed
question

Which statement pertaining to system reliability is FALSE?
answer

An accumulation of temporary internet files has no effect on your computer’s overall performance
question

Which of the following is NOT a main characteristic associated with desktop computers as compared to notebooks?
answer

A desktop computer is more expensive
question

Notebooks are often equipped with a(n) ________ slot that allows you to read flash memory cards such as CompactFlash, Memory Sticks, and Secure Digital cards.
answer

ExpressCard
question

All of the following are advantages of notebook computers EXCEPT:
answer

you get more speed for a lower price
question

A(n) ________ uses the same kind of memory that flash drives use and have no spinning platters or motors.
answer

SSD
question

________ is new technology that supports fast transfer rates of 10 Gb/s.
answer

Thunderbolt
question

The number of bits the video card uses to represent each pixel on the monitor is called ________.
answer

bit depth
question

Moore’s Law predicts that the number of transistors inside a CPU will triple every 18 months.
answer

FALSE
question

Hard drives have been growing in storage capacity by about 50 percent each year.
answer

TRUE
question

The control unit coordinates the activities of all computer components except for the CPU itself.
answer

TRUE
question

The CPU is located on the motherboard.
answer

TRUE
question

The percentage of time that your CPU is working is referred to as processing time.
answer

FALSE
question

Notebook and desktop processors are basically the same and therefore interchangeable.
answer

FALSE
question

Level 1 cache memory always contains more storage area than Level 2 cache.
answer

FALSE
question

The use of multiple cores on one CPU chip allows the execution of two or more sets of instructions at the exact same time
answer

TRUE
question

Upgrading your CPU can increase how quickly data can move to or from the CPU.
answer

FALSE
question

Cache memory is a form of ROM.
answer

FALSE
question

Level 2 cache is slightly farther away from the CPU than Level 1 cache or on a separate chip.
answer

TRUE
question

RAM is nonvolatile storage.
answer

FALSE
question

Temporary data and instructions are not stored on the hard drive because it is faster to retrieve data from RAM.
answer

TRUE
question

RAM is your computer’s permanent storage space for data that is entered from the keyboard.
answer

FALSE
question

A computer’s memory subsystem is made up only of RAM.
answer

TRUE
question

RAM is stored directly on the CPU.
answer

FALSE
question

Accessing data from the hard drive to send to the CPU is faster than accessing data from RAM.
answer

FALSE
question

Every computer is designed with a maximum limit on the amount of RAM it can support.
answer

TRUE
question

Solid state drives have no platters or motors.
answer

TRUE
question

Hard drive access time is measured in milliseconds.
answer

TRUE
question

Hard drives have the largest capacity of any storage device.
answer

TRUE
question

A Blu-ray burner will most likely record both CDs and DVDs.
answer

TRUE
question

The amount of memory your video card needs depends on what you want to display on your monitor.
answer

TRUE
question

The video subsystem is made up of the video card and speakers.
answer

FALSE
question

Video cards often include their own RAM.
answer

TRUE
question

3D sound cards are bidirectional.
answer

FALSE
question

3D sound is the same as surround sound.
answer

FALSE
question

Upgrading your operating system to the newest version might help increase system reliability.
answer

TRUE
question

External hard drives are an ideal solution when you need more storage than a flash drive can provide.
answer

TRUE
question

Thunderbolt can carry three channels of information on the same connector.
answer

FALSE
question

Which of the following is NOT an example of a network node?
answer

a mouse
question

A computer network is defined as two or more computers connected with ________ so that they can communicate with each other.
answer

software and hardware
question

Each device connected to a network is called a(n) ________.
answer

node
question

Which of the following is NOT a benefit of having computers networked?
answer

monitoring for efficiency
question

Network architectures are classified according to ________.
answer

the way they are controlled and the distance between their nodes
question

A network that has 10 or more nodes is usually configured as a ________.
answer

client/server network
question

The most common type of home network is ________.
answer

a peer-to-peer (P2P) network
question

Due to the expansion of media files on home computers, ________ options are now being marketed; however, they are not as full featured as their business-world counterparts.
answer

home network server
question

A ________ is a network located in your home that is used to connect all of your digital devices.
answer

HAN
question

Which of the following is NOT an example of a WAN?
answer

LANs connected in a single building
question

Throughput, the actual speed of data transfer that is achieved in a network, is usually ________.
answer

less than or equal to the data transfer rate
question

Which transmission medium is able to transmit data the fastest?
answer

fiber-optic cable
question

The ________ is the maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network.
answer

data transfer rate
question

Normal telephone wire is ________.
answer

twisted-pair cable
question

A wireless network uses which of the following as its transmission medium?
answer

radio waves
question

Network adapters ________.
answer

enable nodes in a network to communicate with each other
question

Which of the following network adapters is most likely to be preinstalled in a typical notebook computer today?
answer

both a wireless and wired network adapter
question

Sophisticated networks generally use which of the following hardware devices to ease the flow of data packets throughout the network?
answer

routers and switches
question

A(n) ________ allows sharing of a broadband Internet connection.
answer

router
question

Client/server networks are controlled by a central server that runs a specialized piece of software called ________.
answer

a network operating system (NOS)
question

Which of the following devices translates electronic data into radio waves?
answer

a transceiver
question

Which of the following is necessary if you want your Ethernet network to connect to the Internet through a DSL or cable modem?
answer

a DSL/cable router
question

Which of the following UTP cable types is the cheapest and often used in home networks?
answer

Cat 5E
question

The most popular transmission media option for wired Ethernet networks is ________.
answer

unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable
question

A(n) ________ keeps track of data packets and, in conjunction with network interface cards, helps the data packets find their destination without running into each other on an Ethernet network.
answer

switch
question

Most ________ allow you to connect wireless and wired computers to the same network.
answer

wireless routers
question

Which of the following devices is needed to share an Internet connection on a wireless network?
answer

a wireless router
question

WPA stands for ________.
answer

Wireless Protocol Access
question

One way to increase security on a network is by installing a ________.
answer

firewall
question

The unique number assigned to a network adapter by the manufacturer is referred to as the ________ address.
answer

MAC
question

When setting up a network, you should set up any computers running the Microsoft Windows 7 operating system ________.
answer

first
question

A printer connected to a wireless network is considered to be a node on that network.
answer

TRUE
question

A single computer can function as both a client and a server, but performance will be degraded.
answer

TRUE
question

The Internet is an example of a client/server network.
answer

TRUE
question

A client computer is the computer on which users accomplish specific tasks.
answer

TRUE
question

The cost of a P2P network is slightly greater than the cost of a client/server network.
answer

FALSE
question

It is not possible to configure a client/server network for home use.
answer

FALSE
question

In a peer-to-peer network, one computer acts as the server.
answer

FALSE
question

P2P networks are more commonly used in small businesses than in homes
answer

FALSE
question

MAN stands for mobile area network.
answer

FALSE
question

When a network is created to provide Internet access to a specific geographic area, that network will generally be designated as a MAN.
answer

TRUE
question

Twisted-pair cable is made up of plastic or glass fibers that transmit data at extremely fast speeds.
answer

FALSE
question

Ethernet networks are always connected using twisted-pair cable technology.
answer

FALSE
question

All desktop and notebook systems sold today are network ready
answer

TRUE
question

Most computers today come with Ethernet adapters already installed.
answer

TRUE
question

A switch is a network navigation device that merely retransmits a signal to all other nodes attached to it.
answer

FALSE
question

A P2P network needs network operating system software installed on every node.
answer

FALSE
question

The Mac OS does NOT support P2P networking.
answer

FALSE
question

Current wireless Ethernet networks in the United States are based on the IEEE 802.3 standard.
answer

FALSE
question

A network-ready device is a device that might be attached to a network but still has to connect to a networked computer first.
answer

FALSE
question

Although 802.11n will work with 802.11g adapters, you will not achieve 802.11n data transfer rates unless all adapters are 802.11n.
answer

TRUE
question

It is generally better to extend your wired network using wireless technology than to use repeaters or splice cable.
answer

TRUE
question

Wireless networks are more vulnerable to attack than wired networks.
answer

TRUE
question

WEP is a stronger form of security than WAP.
answer

FALSE
question

The practice of piggybacking is illegal in many places.
answer

TRUE
question

A firewall can come in either software or hardware form.
answer

TRUE
question

Limiting your signal range does not help increase wireless network security.
answer

FALSE
question

Digital formats are descriptions of signals as ________.
answer

a long string of numbers
question

Images are a representation of light waves called ________ or continuous waves.
answer

analog
question

________ is the use of equipment to provide voice communications over a distance.
answer

Telephony
question

What is Android?
answer

an operating system for cell/smartphones
question

The Apple iPhone uses a version of ________ as an operating system.
answer

Mac OS X
question

The operating system of a cell phone is stored in ________.
answer

ROM
question

The most full-featured and powerful cell phones are put in the category of ________.
answer

smartphones
question

An analog-to-digital converter chip ________.
answer

converts the sound waves from voice into digital signals
question

A base transceiver station receives a request for cellular service and passes that request to a central location called a ________.
answer

mobile switching center
question

The newest cell/smartphone displays are ________, which allow bright, sharp imaging and draw less power.
answer

OLED
question

LogMeIn is an example of a ________.
answer

remote access service for mobile devices
question

Which of the following uses radio waves to transmit data signals over short distances and does not need a direct line of sight?
answer

Bluetooth
question

Ensuring that two devices, for example, a PC and a cell phone or smartphone, have the same files is the process of ________.
answer

synchronizing
question

Text messaging is also called ________.
answer

short message service (SMS)
question

SMS delivers messages to the appropriate mobile device using ________ technology.
answer

store-and-forward
question

Text prediction ________ provide a list of popular words and save typing time when using text messaging.
answer

algorithms
question

An Internet connectivity plan is also known as a ________.
answer

dataplan
question

Which of the following is specialized software made to display Web pages on a cell phone?
answer

microbrowser
question

Web content specially designed for viewing via a cell phone or smartphone is written in a format called ________.
answer

WML (Wireless Markup Language)
question

Opera Mobile is an example of ________.
answer

a microbrowser
question

________ is a form of voice-based Internet communication that turns a standard Internet connection into a means to place phone calls, including long-distance calls.
answer

VoIP
question

An iPod is an example of a ________.
answer

portable media player (PMP)
question

A portable media player can play files with all of the following file extensions EXCEPT:
answer

.doc
question

Which of the following is the process of sharing files between two or more computers?
answer

peer-to-peer (P2P) sharing
question

Flash memory, used by most MP3 players, is a type of ________.
answer

nonvolatile memory
question

To transfer files from your computer to a portable media player (PMP), most newer PMPs use a ________ port or a FireWire port.
answer

USB 2.0
question

Which of the following describes the number of times an analog wave is measured each second during an analog-to-digital conversion?
answer

sampling rate
question

Which of the following allows you to download and play music with restrictions enforced about its use?
answer

tethered downloads
question

Which of the following statements is NOT true about the JPEG file format?
answer

JPEGs are larger than raw files
question

MPEG-4, H.264, and DivX are all examples of ________.
answer

codecs
question

________ is a single cable that carries all audio and video information from devices connected to a TV to the TV itself.
answer

HDMI
question

Broadcasting your video to a live audience over the Web is referred to as ________.
answer

webcasting
question

________ is a special copyleft license used for software.
answer

GNU
question

MMS stands for Multimedia Message Service.
answer

TRUE
question

Text prediction algorithms provide a list of popular words and save typing time when using text messaging.
answer

TRUE
question

MMS allows you to save all, none, or part of a message.
answer

TRUE
question

You can send messages that include text, sound, images, and video clips using SMS.
answer

FALSE
question

There are more virus attacks on cell phone and smartphones than there are on PCs.
answer

FALSE
question

The Apple iPhone uses a Microsoft operating system.
answer

FALSE
question

A virtual phone number can be assigned to your cell phone or smartphone to keep your true number private.
answer

TRUE
question

Cell phones can fall victim to viruses.
answer

TRUE
question

VoIP can be considered an alternative to a traditional landline phone service.
answer

TRUE
question

One of the advantages of VoIP is that an interruption in power does not interrupt the ability to make calls.
answer

FALSE
question

Not all PMP devices are necessarily just music players.
answer

TRUE
question

There are digital cameras on the market that can play both music and videos.
answer

TRUE
question

DRM-free music is music that has been released without any digital rights management.
answer

TRUE
question

DRM-free music can legally be moved from system to system
answer

TRUE
question

MP3 files can be played only on iPods
answer

FALSE
question

The conversion rate is the number of times per second music is measured and converted into a digital value.
answer

FALSE
question

When converting analog waves to digital waves, the higher the sampling rate, the more accurately the original wave can be re-created.
answer

TRUE
question

Flash memory is volatile.
answer

FALSE
question

Current cell phones and smartphones feature cameras that are just as powerful as stand-alone digital cameras.
answer

FALSE
question

A digital camera’s resolution in measured in megapixels.
answer

TRUE
question

Raw files are larger than JPEG files.
answer

TRUE
question

Saving a file as a JPEG actually means that you will lose a bit of detail.
answer

TRUE
question

With video editing software, you can review video clips frame by frame.
answer

TRUE
question

The Microsoft Video file format uses an extension of .mpg.
answer

FALSE
question

An attribution license allows anyone to use, modify, and copy your work, but only for noncommercial purposes.
answer

FALSE
question

Full-featured GPS systems can play MP3 files, display photos, and connect to the Internet.
answer

TRUE
question

WML refers to the format used to create Web content for cell phones and smartphones.
answer

TRUE
question

Cell phones do not require special service providers to connect to the Internet.
answer

FALSE
question

A microbrowser is a special Internet browser made for mobile devices.
answer

TRUE
question

Some cell phones come equipped with a keyboard for faster typing of e-mail and text messages.
answer

TRUE
question

Netbooks are more powerful than cell phones and smartphones because they run a full-featured operating system.
answer

TRUE

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