Supreme Court Cases/De jure Segregation/De facto Segregation

Miranda v. ArizonaSupreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
Griswold v. Connecticutmarried couple wanted to get contraceptives; struck down a Connecticut law prohibiting the sale of contraceptives; established the right of privacy through the 4th and 9th amendment
Engel v. Vitalebanned formal prayer in schools, government would not make any religion the official religion.

Gideon v. Wainwrighta landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.
Escobedo v. Illinois1964–Ruled that a defendant must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning by police.
Roe v. Wade (1973)-Warren Burger
-The court legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it during the first three months of pregnancy. Based on 4th Amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons.
Death Penalty-Warren Burger
-Furman v. Georgia 408 U.S. 238: Court ruled that the death penalty, as applied, was an arbitrary punishment and thus unconstitutional under the 8th and 14th Amendments
De jure Segregationsegregation that is imposed by law
De facto Segregationsegregation resulting from economic or social conditions or personal choice