Standards Vocabulary – Writing Domain Flashcard

question

Adjective
Adjective
answer

This is a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun. Example: funky, smelly, silent
question

Adjective Clause
answer

A group of related words, with a subject and predicate, that acts to modify a noun or pronoun is called an ________ clause. Example: The potatoes that were grown in Ponotoc were tainted.
question

Adverb Clause
answer

This is a group of related words with a subject and predicate that acts to modify a verb, adjective, or adverb. Example: The man hit his opponent when he wasn’t looking.
question

Application
Application
answer

This is a printed form or document that is used to make a written request. It has spaces for the insertion of required information. Example: People complete these for getting a job, applying to college, joining a club, etc.
question

Audience
Audience
answer

This is whoever will be reading, listening or watching a story, text, or drama. Example: Your classmates, if you give the valedictory address or the paying subscribers to Time magazine.
question

Bibliography
Bibliography
answer

This is a list of written works or other sources on a particular subject.
question

Brainstorm
Brainstorm
answer

This is the act of throwing out all ideas on a subject, regardless of merit, for future further consideration.
question

Caption
Caption
answer

This is the explanation that goes with a picture or illustration.
question

Cause and Effect (causality)
answer

This is the relationship between two or more events in which one event brings about another.
question

Central
answer

The key point made in a passage is called its ____ idea.
question

Citation
Citation
answer

This is the notation of a source used for a paper.
question

Classification
answer

An organizational method in which the topic is divided into different major categories Example: An essay describing each of the animal kingdoms
question

Coherence
Coherence
answer

This is a quality in writing, in which ideas are presented in a clear, logical manner. Writing which lacks this quality may be hard or impossible to understand.
question

Cohesive Devices
answer

These are methods used to help ideas fit together clearly and smoothly. Example: Examples include repetition of key words, transitions, pronouns, synonyms, and parallel structure.
question

Compare
Compare
answer

This is a method of relating how two or more elements or texts are SIMILAR. Example: When you ___________the novels, you notice that the setting in both is Colorado.
question

Compare and Contrast
Compare and Contrast
answer

This is a method of relating two or more objects in a piece of work.
question

Comprehend
Comprehend
answer

To _____ is to understand the meaning of a text. Example: She used reading strategies to understand the text. This raised her ______________of the material.
question

Concluding Sentence
Concluding Sentence
answer

This is the statement which brings a paragraph to a close by restating the main idea.
question

Conclusion
Conclusion
answer

This wraps up a piece of writing and reminds readers of the main idea.
question

Consumer
Consumer
answer

This is the customer who purchases goods and services, not for resale, but for his or her own use.
question

Content
Content
answer

the subject matter or material in a particular area of study; or, the essential components of a written work Example: The ___________ of language arts includes works of literature, grammar and writing.
question

Contrast
answer

This is a method of relating how two or more elements or texts are DIFFERENT. Example: Hint: There is a sharp ____________between the carefree mood set in the short story and the serious mood of the poem.
question

Conventions
answer

In writing or speaking, we follow agreed-upon rules, called ____, for spelling, punctuation, grammar, capitalization, and paraphrasing.
question

Descriptive Text
answer

This type of text creates a clear picture through the use of vivid word choices. The purpose is to help a reader see, experience, or understand the selection by the use of sensory details.
question

Diagram
Diagram
answer

A general term for an illustration or visual representation of information. Types of these can include tables and graphs. Example: Be sure to include one of these to visually explain the relationship between lions and domestic cats.
question

Digital
Digital
answer

A research source is called ________ if it is located on the internet, on a CD, or some other place accessed by a computer or electronic device.
question

Direct Characterization
Direct Characterization
answer

When a character is revealed by clear descriptions by the author, this is called _____ characterization.
question

Direct Quotation
Direct Quotation
answer

This is the exact repetition of someone’s written or spoken words.
question

Domain
Domain
answer

This describes the words used in a specialty area, career, or subject. They are called ___-specific. Example: apex in math, isotope in science, pun in language arts, and legend in social studies
question

Edit
Edit
answer

This is to correct and/or revise a piece of writing. Example: the best thing about school is english class: My favorite class in school is English.
question

Evidence
Evidence
answer

This is information that supports a thought or belief. Example: facts, statistics, testimony
question

Example
answer

This type of context clue is used to help the reader infer the meaning of a vocabulary word or provide a supporting detail. Example: I was shocked by her greed; she took every last cookie and didn’t share one!
question

Extended Metaphor
Extended Metaphor
answer

An _____ _____ is a sustained comparison in which a subject is written or spoken of as if it were something else.
question

Extraneous Detail
answer

These are pieces of information that are not necessary to the meaning or purpose of writing. Example: If I were to ask how old you were, and you said: I am 12; I was born in March, under a full moon, during a storm. Everything after the number 12 would be unnecessary to answer the question.
question

Format
answer

This is the general plan of organization of a written work. Example: letters; memos; resumes
question

Functional Text
Functional Text
answer

This is writing or text that is used in everyday life, such as signs, directions, letters, and manuals.
question

Graphic
answer

A picture, image or visual representation of information or ideas is called a ______. Example: Graphic artists work with pictures and images.
question

Graphic Organizer
Graphic Organizer
answer

This is a pictorial way of representing knowledge. It is used to help organize ideas and present information. Example: Concept Map, Flow Chart, T-chart, Venn Diagram
question

Heading
answer

This is a title or subtitle at the beginning of a chapter, section, or unit of a text.
question

Hypothesis
answer

This is a term used in research and is a statement of what you anticipate your research will show.
question

Illustration
answer

A drawing, painting, photograph or other visual representation made for explaining information or furthering understanding of an idea. Example: It might be helpful in showing the difference between an oval and a circle.
question

In-Text Citation
In-Text Citation
answer

This phrase refers to the documentation of information within the body of a paper: when you provide information about the source within your paper. Example: Doublespeak is a very conscious use of language (Lutz 35).
question

Indirect
answer

This is when an author reveals a person in the story through his/her words, thoughts, appearance, action, or what others think or say about him/her. It is called ___ characterization.
question

Internet
answer

This is the global system of interconnected computers and networks used to find the most recent information.
question

Internet Search
answer

This is the process of entering one or more keywords into a special webpage (such as Google or Yahoo) in order to find other webpages containing specific information.
question

Introduction
answer

This is the beginning of a written work that explains what will be found in the main part.
question

Introductory Paragraph
answer

This frames the position or approach of an essay and includes a clear thesis statement. Example: In the Declaration of Independence, We the people…
question

Irrelevant
answer

These do not support the main idea of a paragraph. They do not focus on the main idea and may mislead or confuse the reader. They are called ____.
question

Italics
Italics
answer

These should be used instead of underlining. Do this to most titles of printed material and names of airplanes, trains and automobiles. Example: Did you know Edvard Munch’s painting The Scream was stolen from a museum? The space shuttle Challenger tragedy continues to haunt successive launches into space.
question

Keyword
answer

This is a term entered into a search engine, or the search bar on a webpage, which is meant to attract pages containing specific information.
question

Letter
Letter
answer

This is a written communication or message addressed to a reader or readers that is usually sent by mail.
question

Logic
answer

This is the reasoning used to reach a decision based on a set of assumptions, or it may be defined as the science of reasoning, proof, thinking, or inference. Example: If two stores sell the same product at two different prices, you would purchase the item from the store that sells it for less.
question

Logical Order
answer

This refers to the way that ideas and details are arranged in a piece of writing. Example: Details and ideas should flow clearly from one to another. Nothing should seem to be out of order.
question

Margins
answer

This is the blank space that borders the written area of a manuscript. Example: These are usually set at one inch.
question

Media
answer

This is the main means of mass communication. Example: Television, Radio, Internet, Magazines and Newspaper
question

MLA
MLA
answer

These are the initials for the association which publishes a guide to writing research papers based on its prescribed documentation style. A works cited page is one feature in this documentation style that is common to many students. Example: A works cited page is one feature in this documentation style that is common to many students.
question

Nonprint
answer

This is the category of information that includes digital, electronic, pictures, photographs, video, and television to access information.
question

Nonprint Information
answer

Materials that are not written are often called _______ resources. Example: Examples of this are records, CDs, DVDs, videotapes, cassettes, and films.
question

Notecard
Notecard
answer

These are used to organize a research paper and include the topic, author, title, page number, and one single fact or thought. Example: Students use them because they can be easily sorted to organize a research paper.
question

Objective
answer

A source that is free from the author’s personal feelings about the subject is called _______.
question

Outline
answer

This is a tool to think about and organize your paper. For example, you can use it to see whether your ideas connect to each other, what order of ideas works best, and if you have enough evidence to support each of your points.
question

Pagination
Pagination
answer

This is the division of a document into pages, often with the writer’s last name and correct page number aligned top right. Example: Moses 1
question

Paraphrase
Paraphrase
answer

This is the restatement of a written work in one’s own words that keeps the basic meaning of the original work.
question

Persuasive Appeal
Persuasive Appeal
answer

This is a type of writing or speech that attempts to convince a reader to think or act in a particular manner. Example: Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
question

Plagiarism
Plagiarism
answer

This is the use of someone else’s ideas or statements as if they were your own and without giving proper credit.
question

Precise Vocabulary
answer

This is a writing skill which assures that students choose words that exactly and accurately describe or reflect the writer’s meaning.
question

Presentation
answer

This is a prepared performance, report, or demonstration for an audience. Example: Students often use visual aids and Powerpoint to make a __________________.
question

Prewriting
answer

This the first stage in the writing process, used to focus ideas and find good topics.
question

Primary Source
answer

This is an original document or firsthand account. Example: Letters, diaries, laboratory studies, eyewitness accounts
question

Print Source
answer

This is the category of information including books, magazines, charts, graphs, diagrams, dictionaries, encyclopedias, atlases, and thesauruses.
question

Print Style
answer

This is the type and size of font. It is the look and design of lettering Example: Bold, italics, 12pt font, Times New Roman
question

Problem-Solution
answer

This method of structuring text focuses on defining an issue, then gives a possible remedy for the issue.
question

Procedure
answer

These are the steps taken to produce a final result. Example: 1. Sit on the couch. 2. Pick up the remote. 3. Turn on the TV. 4. Turn to channel 206, ESPN2.
question

Proofread
Proofread
answer

This is the process of making marks on a written document to correct errors. Example: This could be done by your mom before you turn in your paper to your teacher.
question

Public
answer

A ________ document is one that is available freely in the media, or which can be requested from a government or other agency. Example: Budgets for cities, names of business owners, and real estate sales can all be fond using this type of document.
question

Questioning
answer

This is what active readers do, constantly thinking about the meaning of what they are reading. Example: This includes such thoughts as “What does this mean?” and “Why does the author include this information?” and “What will happen next?”
question

Rebuttal
answer

This is a verbal or oral response to an argument presenting an opposite viewpoint. Example: You are no Jack Kennedy.
question

Reference
answer

This is a source used to find information. Example: encyclopedia; dictionary
question

Reflection
answer

This is careful consideration and thought. In literature, it is when a character looks back at events, actions, or faults. In narrative writing, it helps develop experiences, events, or characters.
question

Research
answer

This is the process of gathering, evaluating, and organizing information.
question

Resolution
answer

This is the part of the plot where the conflict is ended.
question

Revise
answer

This is to make changes to a piece of written work based on comments or new evidence. Example: You will probably have to do this to your term paper after you give your teacher the first draft.
question

Revision
answer

These are changes made to a draft to improve its focus, content or organization.
question

Search Engine
answer

This helps you locate websites when you enter categories, keywords, or questions. It is a program for the retrieval of data, files, or documents from a database or network on the internet. Example: Google, Yahoo, AskJeeves
question

Secondary Source
answer

This is a commentary on an original document or firsthand account.
question

Sensory Details
answer

These are images to help the reader see or hear or feel things. These are details that appeal to the senses. Example: Waves pounding the beach sounded like a chorus of bass drums.
question

Slang
Slang
answer

This is vernacular speech that is not accepted as suitable for highly formal usage, but is much used in conversation. Example: gonna lemme
question

Source
answer

This is a person, book, document, website or record that provides information. Example: A veteran is a great _______ of knowledge about serving in the military.
question

Spacing
answer

This refers to the area of formatting a manuscript that involves margins and distance between lines. Example: One inch margins and double are examples that involve this term.
question

Speech
Speech
answer

This is a talk or public address. Example: Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream”
question

Subplot
Subplot
answer

This is a secondary plot in a work of literature that either explains or helps to develop the main plot. Example: The ___________ of the Spiderman movies is the love triangle between Peter Parker, Mary Jane, and Harry Osborne.
question

Support
answer

to strengthen or prove an argument or idea by providing facts, details, examples and other information Example: In this example from Emily Dickenson’s A Narrow Fellow in the Grass, the words rides and is support the definition of eye rhyme (two words that look like they rhyme but do not sound alike). A narrow fellow in the grass Occasionally rides; You may have met him, did you not, His notice sudden is. (1-4)
question

Supporting
Supporting
answer

To strengthen your ideas and opinions with examples, facts, or details is to add _____ details. Example: 1 We use too much paper. 2 Every year Americans use an average of 700 pounds of paper products per person. The purpose of sentence 2 is to ____________ sentence 1.
question

Supporting Evidence
answer

These are the facts or details that back up a main idea, theme, or thesis.
question

Syntax
Syntax
answer

This refers to the ordering of elements in a sentence. Example: I cannot believe this. This I cannot believe.
question

Synthesize
Synthesize
answer

This is to form (an idea, opinion, conclusion, etc) by combining parts or elements; to collect information on a topic to summarize, analyze AND interpret it.
question

Table
Table
answer

A diagram made to organize data visually in rows and columns. Example: Put the results of the experiment in a table so we can interpret the data.
question

Text Features
answer

These are common parts of nonfiction texts and are often used to design and organize pages. They help readers navigate the information and make predictions about what will be read. Example: Captions, boldfaced fonts, and keywords are examples.
question

Thesis
answer

The main point or central idea that a writer states and then endeavors to prove is called a ____.
question

Thesis Statement
answer

This is the the main idea of an essay, usually expressed as a generalization that is supported with concrete evidence.
question

Title Page Presentation
answer

This phrase refers to the layout of information on the cover page of a student paper. Example: Information contained on this document is usually centered and includes the following: the title of the student paper, the name of the student, the course, the instructor’s name, and the date.
question

Topic
answer

This is the specific part of a subject that is dealt with in a research paper or in an essay.
question

Topic Sentence
answer

This is a one-sentence summary of a paragraph’s main point.
question

Transition
answer

These are words, phrases or sentences that link segments of writing.
question

Transitional Device
answer

These are connecting words used to link your sentences and paragraphs together smoothly. Example: furthermore, and, but,for example
question

Variety
answer

This is a writing skill which assures that students write sentences that differ in structure and length. It is called sentence _______.
question

Vivid Language
answer

This is a kind of language that creates a strong impression on the reader, often through visual, sound, or emotional expressions. Example: “That is the most foul-smelling and disgusting pile of trash I have ever seen!”
question

Vocabulary
answer

All the words in a language; the words used for a specific content or task. Example: In order to speak a language, you need to learn its _____________ .
question

Works Cited
answer

This is a list with author, title and publication details of the works (the books, articles, etc.) a researcher used to write a paper. This is an informational list at the end of a research paper to credit sources.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member