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Speech Final True/False

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Public speaking is more formal and planned with clearly defined speaker and listener roles.
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True
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Diverse audiences have different expectations for appropriate and effective topics, structure, language, and delivery.
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True
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It is unrealistic to try to eliminate speech anxiety because almost everyone experiences some degree of anxiety when speaking.
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True
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Visualizing yourself giving the entire speech as a controlled, confident speaker will limit your anxiety.
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True
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Being audience-centered is a continual, ongoing process within speech making.
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True
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The physical surroundings, as well as the occasion, have minimal impact on the formality the audience expects in the choice of topics.
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False
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Concrete supporting material is more interesting to most people than abstract ideas.
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True
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Ethics are the beliefs, values, and moral principles by which people determine what is right or wrong.
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True
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Speakers have an ethical responsibility to give credit for information and ideas that are not their own.
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True
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Listening skills do not develop automatically, they are developed through practice.
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True
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Critical thinking is a mental process of making judgments about the conclusions presented by what you see, hear, and read.
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True
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Once the topic of the speech is found the speaker needs to narrow the topic, but the speaker doesn’t need to consider the time limit of the speech assignment until speech day.
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False
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When checking a Web site for diversity, be sure there is no bias against any ethnic, racial, gender, or sexual-preference group.
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True
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A skilled public speaker must learn to choose and use a variety of supporting material.
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True
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Explanations should have vivid and specific language in order to capture and hold the attention of your audience.
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True
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When speaking to an audience from another culture, it is a good strategy to use analogies that compare your message to something specific in their culture.
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True
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Speeches on how to do something or how to make something usually use a topical organizational pattern.
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False
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Historical speeches and how-to speeches are two kinds of speeches usually organized spatially.
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False
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Stating a problem, discussing its causes, and the emphasizing how best to solve the problem pertains most directly to the problem-solution pattern of arranging points.
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True
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All cultures tend to organize and process information in a linear pattern.
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False
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It is generally a good idea to assemble supporting material by beginning with the simplest thoughts and working up to the complex ideas.
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True
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The first goal of the speech introduction is to gain the attention of the audience.
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True
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One of the purposes of a conclusion is to help your audience remember your main ideas.
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True
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Providing closing remarks in a conclusion lets the audience know that the speech is about to be finished.
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True
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In a persuasive speech, it is effective to make a final plea for action and tell your audience specifically how they can act.
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True
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If you have subpoint A in your preparation outline, you must have subpoint B as well.
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True
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When editing the speech you must review the specific purpose, consider the audience, and make sure the ideas are simply stated.
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True
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Written communication often uses less formal language and structure compared to spoken communication.
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False
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Connotation is the literal, or dictionary definition, of a word.
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False
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A simile is a figure of speech which implies a comparison using “like” or “as.”
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True
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When Winston Churchill used the phrase, “virility, valour, and civic virtue” in his speech, he was using alliteration.
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True
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Most of the emotional content of a speech is communicated nonverbally.
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True
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Both content and delivery contribute to the effectiveness of a speaker.
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True
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Most audiences in the United States prefer that you don’t establish eye contact with them before speaking because the eye contact can intimidate the audience and make them anxious.
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False
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If your purpose is to inform your audience about a process, then the best way to demonstrate this is with a set of visuals or demonstrations.
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True
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Presentation aids support your message; they are not your message.
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True
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The primary goals of informative speaking are to present information that the audience can understand and remember, while maintaining their interest.
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True
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To speak with clarity is to express ideas so that the listener understands the intended message accurately.
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True
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When putting an informative speech together the speaker doesn’t have to worry about speaking with clarity as long as there is a visual outline on PowerPoint for the audience to follow.
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False
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Persuasive speeches ask audiences to make an explicit choice, rather than just informing them of their options.
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True
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A good speaker will establish eye contact with the audience before beginning the speech.
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True
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Causal reasoning is making a faulty cause-and-effect connection between two things or events.
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False
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In persuading an intercultural audience, remember that all cultures assume a direct, linear, methodical approach to supporting ideas and proving a point. Answer: FALSE
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False
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One important step in persuading receptive audiences is to make it easy for them to take action.
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True
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The five steps in Monroe’s Motivated Sequence of Persuasion are: attention, need, satisfaction, example, and action.
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False
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When giving a public relations speech, you should anticipate objections in the minds of your listeners and answer those objections in your speech.
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True
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The first part of an acceptance speech should be to thank the person making the presentation and the organization that person represents; then, mention a few of the people responsible for your success.
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True
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Some humor may be appropriate in a eulogy or speech of tribute to someone who died.
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True