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Speech Chapters 1-9

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Which of the following does the text list as a component of the speech communication process?
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situation
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A speaker should work harder to communicate to an audience of 500 people than to an audience of five people.
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False
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If there are discrepancies between the verbal and nonverbal components of a speech, listeners will probably
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accept the nonverbal as the true message
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The part of a speech that links one section to another is known as a
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transition
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A speaker who blames doctors for the rise in lung cancer deaths is engaging in
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scapegoating
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The speaker’s message consists entirely of what the speaker says with words.
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False
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Which method of public speaking involves looking at the audience most of the time, while occasionally glancing at brief notes?
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extemporaneous
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If, while giving a speech, you observe that some of your listeners seem confused by your last remark, you should wait until the end of the speech to explain yourself better.
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False
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Which of the following is bad advice for a speaker?
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Avoid politics, sports, and business with a female audience
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In the speech communication process, the message is sent in the form of
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Symbols
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Striving for perfection
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places unnecessary pressure on yourself
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According to the text, a sudden bolt of panic can hit speakers who
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initially feel no fear
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Which one of the following fears usually disappears as speakers gain experience
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fear of the unknown
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To gain rapport with their audiences, some comedians
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deliberately make mistakes
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Most of your nervous symptoms are not seen by your audience.
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True
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To avoid memory lapses during a speech
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prepare a card with key information on it
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Acting as if you are poised and confident
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sometimes leads to actually becoming poised and confident
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In filling your mind with images before a speech, you should picture yourself speaking with confidence, poise, and completely without nervousness.
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False
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If, during a speech, your mind goes blank and you forget where you are in the speech, the text recommends that you
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ask the audience, “Where was I?”
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According to the text, “locking” your eyes with a listener’s eyes
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helps to calm you
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In taking notes, a listener should try to record the speaker’s exact words.
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False
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If you whisper, it is okay to talk on a cell phone while attending a presentation.
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False
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Taking notes while engaged in a one-on-one discussion with your supervisor
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is a compliment to the superior
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The text quotes Keith Davis as saying, “Hearing is with the ears; listening is with the _______.”
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mind
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If good listening skills are used, listening to a complex lecture should require no more mental effort than listening to a comedian tell jokes.
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False
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Hermina listened politely to a speech on zoos, but she became angry when the speaker argued for abolition of all zoos. For the rest of the speech, she tuned him out and planned the counter-arguments that she could throw at him during the question-and-answer period. What listening mistake is she making?
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failing to control emotions
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Which of these comments would be helpful for an evaluator to make to a speaker?
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“Try to speak in a conversational manner”
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If you have the habit of engaging in fake listening, one of the best ways to force yourself to pay attention is to
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take notes
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In Japan, listeners who close their eyes during a speech might be showing respect.
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True
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It is more important for a listener to remember the main points of a speech than to remember support materials.
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True
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What is the most understood and useful form of nonverbal communication in dealing with people from all parts of the world?
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Smile
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In working with an interpreter, which of the following is NOT recommended by the text?
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Talk directly to a sign-language interpreter instead of to the audience
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If you have handouts, it is a good idea to give one to a blind listener.
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True
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The textbook notes that many _____________ persons prefer to think of their condition as a cultural difference rather than a disability.
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deaf/ hearing impaired
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For listeners who are deaf or hearing-impaired, the text recommends which of the following?
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slow your rate of speech slightly
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The most understood form of nonverbal communication in the world is the smile.
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True
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A taboo is
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Prohibition
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For a presentation, which approach do most international audiences prefer?
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Serious
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Listeners might get upset if your speech topic varies from what they had anticipated
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True
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Some audience members know a lot about your speech topic; others know nothing. Your best approach is to
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begin simply and add complexity throughout the presentation
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Hidden objectives in a speech are always undesirable.
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False
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“Parrots as pets” is an example of
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A topic
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“Food-borne illnesses” is an example of
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A topic
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The three most popular types of speeches are informative, entertaining, and ____________.
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Persuasive
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“To entertain” is an example of a
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General Purpose
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“How to Make a Home Burglar-Proof” is an example of which kind of speech?
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Informative
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Which of the following should give the essence of your speech?
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Central Idea
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“I will discuss robots as surgeons” is an effective example of a central idea.
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False
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“A parent who reneges on child-support payments should be forced to pay or be sent to prison.” This is an example of
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Centural Idea
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What is the maximum number of major ideas that can be included in a specific purpose statement?
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One
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With so much information available on the Internet, traditional library resources are typically not needed.
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False
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An Internet catalog that starts off with broad categories, which are then subdivided into smaller categories, is known as
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Subject Directory
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Before starting your research, you should decide on your
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Specific Purpose
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For researchers, one of the most valuable resources in blogs is
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Links to other sites
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If you are looking for a book that is not available in your library, the text recommends that you
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use interlibrary loan
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In most libraries, the person who is best able to help you with your research is called
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a reference librarian
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The formats of MLA and APA are designed to help you to
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Cite Sources
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The text says that interviewing an expert via e-mail is
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An acceptable Method
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The three major research options are libraries, the Internet, and ________________.
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field research
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The ____________ for an article gives the title, author’s name, magazine, date, and page numbers.
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Citation
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According to the text, results of polls often depend upon
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. how a question is asked
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If you make changes in copyrighted material
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the material retains its copyright status
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In a survey of American attitudes, the American Jewish Committee found that a large number of respondents had a low opinion of
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Wisians
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Which one of the following can be reprinted without getting permission?
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a U.S. Department of Agriculture booklet on how to raise bees
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To reassure an audience that his information is accurate, a speaker says, “I got my information from Google.” The speaker is
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giving a vague reference
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Anything published before 1923 is no longer protected by copyright law.
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True
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Which is the most reliable type of material?
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Evidence
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A conclusion or judgment that remains open to dispute but seems true to one’s own mind is
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An opinion
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Which one of the following is on the textbook’s list of criteria for high-quality information?
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Current
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Which one of the following citations during a speech is inadequate?
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“I got my information from the Google search engine on the Internet.
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“A feast is a meal that is rich and abundant and includes many guests.” This sentence is
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definition
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In a speech, which is the best use of statistics
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“In the last election, more than 96 million Americans voted.
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The statistical device that identifies a portion of 100 is called the
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Percentage
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Support materials _______________ prove a point.
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sometimes
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A speaker says, “According to historian Barbara Tuchman, ‘Every successful revolution puts on in time the robes of the tyrant it has deposed.'” This sentence illustrates the use of
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testimony
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The term percent means “out of ________.”
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100
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“The college’s course catalog resembles a gigantic buffet table.” The speaker is using which type of support material?
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analogy
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A speaker says, “Fresh pizza and store-bought frozen pizza are so different that I think the only thing they have in common is the name pizza. Fresh pizza is tangy, tasty, and easy to chew, whereas store-bought pizza is flat, bland, and hard to chew.” This speaker is using
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contrast
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If we show that two sets of data are correlated, we prove a cause-and-effect relationship.
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False
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The more statistics used in a persuasive speech, the better the speech will be.
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False
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If you find a photo on a Web site and want to use it in a classroom speech, you can use it without asking permission from the Web site.
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true
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Research shows that people who are taught orally and visually can recall far more information after a presentation than those who are taught only orally
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true
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The more visual aids used, the stronger your speech.
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False
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During a presentation, you should _____________ look at your visual aids.
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occasionally
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For a speech, the best time to distribute a five-page handout is
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after you finish speaking
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The ______________ is a device that can show three-dimensional objects such as jewelry.
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visual presenter
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For a pie graph in a speech, the text recommends no more than _______ wedges.
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8
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A “thumbnail” on a Web site is an image with very low resolution.
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True
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Most international audiences prefer
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visuals prepared in advance
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In a bar graph, the bars should be
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either horizontal or vertical
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Seven elements of the speech communication process?
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Speaker, listener, message, channel, feedback, interference, and situation.
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Name five personal benefits of a public speaking course
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Learn to speak to a public audience, learn skills that apply to one-on-one communication, develop the oral communication skills that are prized in the job market, practice and gain experience in an ideal laboratory, gain self confidence
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Name at least four problems caused by ineffective listening in business.
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Answers may include: instructions misunderstood, equipment broken from improper use, productivity decreased, profits lowered, sales lost, feelings hurt, morale lowered, rumors started, and health harmed
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There are four methods of delivering a speech:
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Memorization, manuscript, and impromptu, and extemporaneous