Sociology vocab chapters 1-4

question

Personal, Social
answer

sociological imagination: capacity to think systematically how the things we experience as—-problems are really—-issues widely shared by others
question

C Wright Mills
answer

Coined the term sociological imagination
question

History and Biography
answer

C wright Mills: sociological imagination enables us to grasp the relations btwn—- in society
question

Individuals; members of a social world
answer

At each stage of our development we are both —- and—-
question

Statistical analysis of data
answer

Quantitative research relies on
question

Word, observations, or pictures
answer

Qualatative of research relies on
question

Feasible; sociologically relevant
answer

Good research questions are both —- and—-
question

Positivist and Interpretivist
answer

Sociologists make a distinction between —- epistemologies
question

Positivist
answer

A sociologist who believes that the only true way to gain knowledge is to use the logic of natural sceince
question

Personal or financial
answer

Conflict of interest arise when sociologists—-interests prevent from performing professional work in unbiased manner
question

Exist separate from other variables
answer

An independent variable is predicted to—-
question

Level of crime to inequality
answer

Level of inquality in society result in an increase in crime rate in that society—- is independent variable
question

Interviews, surveys, historical research
answer

Widely used sociological research methods
question

Gender issues, cultural differences, fear of contamination
answer

Influence behavior in a public restroom
question

Symbolic Interactionism
answer

George Herbert Mead’s sociological school of thought, based on understanding how people’s personalities and concepts of reality are shaped and constructed
question

Social Interaction
answer

In study of differences btwn children in an orphanage and a nursery for incarcerated mothers, half of the children were denied—-
question

Looking glass self
answer

John thinks he is lazy and is not very intelligent. His self perception comes from his overly critical father who continually belittled him when he was growing up. Johns perception of himself is what charles horton cooly referred to as—-
question

Interaction ritual chains
answer

Randall collins the social interaction leading up to physical altercations are usually dictated by
question

Managing our persentation of self
answer

When we update our profiles on Facebook we are also—-
question

Civil Inattention
answer

goerge simmel: ignoring someone out of politeness, Who is only inches away from you in a crowded bus, example of—-
question

Ethnography
answer

Everyday lives in hopes of understanding how those being studied navigate and give meaning to their social worlds
question

Epistemology
answer

Researchers outlook on what can and cannot be known as the world
question

Dependent Variables
answer

Aspect of the hypothesis that researchers expect to fluctuate in relation to other variables understudy
question

George Gerbet Mead:Self
answer

Composed of our interactions in the world
question

Ethnomethodogy
answer

Study of people’s methods of navigating their social worlds
question

George Herbert Mead:Significant Other
answer

Individual is close enough to us to have a strong capacity to motivate our begavior
question

Conservational interruptions
answer

Doctors and drop patients more than patients interrupt doctors, except when the doctor is a woman; then interruption patterns are equal
question

Social structure
answer

A collection of forces that serve as the foundation of society
question

Break down social structure
answer

New orleans after hurricane katrina
question

Interactivity
answer

Characteristic is a crucial part of what gives social structures their power
question

Social hierarchy
answer

Social arrangements in which some groups or individuals are elevated above others
question

Many forms of
answer

Most societies in the world today contain—-hierarchies
question

Inequality
answer

Differences in Endowments and valued goods such as incomes, statues, and well-being, held by individuals or families define
question

Power
answer

Ability to influence the behavior of others
question

privilege most commonly maintained
answer

Through discrimination
question

Informal and legal means
answer

Dominany groups use—-to control opportunities and reduce or eliminate challenges from subordinate
question

Population size
answer

Demography
question

Intensifies
answer

When groups become more equal in size competition between them for jobs, housing, romantic partners…
question

South africa
answer

Where was the legal system known as apartheid instituted
question

Institutions
answer

Enduring customs, concrete organizations, and members of social groups within those

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member