Soc 101 Final Exam–Social Change and Social Movements

question

industrialization
answer

the reason modern societies are forming
question

modernity
answer

social patterns resulting from industrialization (decline of traditional communities, increase of choice, increase of social diversity, orientation toward the future)
question

post-modernity
answer

post-industrial; modernity has failed, progess a myth, science untrustworthy, culture becoming divisive
question

consumer society
answer

all industries, services, and social institutions are organized around consumer model, social class becomes central social division, material goods create self, material culture most important
question

Tonnies
answer

social change=negative; small town living (gemeinschaft community) vs. cities (gemeinschaft society)—everyone has a purpose and place reliable on others w/o community the bond is lost
question

Durkheim
answer

social change=positive division of labor, economic interdependence, more together than ever before, natural reliance on others(organic solidarity)
question

Marx
answer

social change=positive modern society–capitalism but social change can end capitalism
question

Weber
answer

social change=positive social change has led to disenchantment (dont know what to believe in) but rational thinking is better than traditional thinking
question

Ritzer
answer

social change=negative homogenized McWorld (efficiency, calculability, predictability, control)—-everythings is the same w/o uniqueness
question

McDonaldization
answer

making the world more efficient, calculable, predictable, and controlable
question

globalization
answer

caused by the end of the cold war, spread information (communication with technology advancements)
question

collective behavior
answer

group actions outside norms; using a collective mind (riots, panics, moral panic, rumors, urban legends, groupthink, after disasters)
question

stages of social movements
answer

emergence, coalescence, organization/bureaucractization, institutionalization, decline and possible resurgence
question

mass society
answer

theory for social movement for belonging and purpose
question

resource mobilization
answer

theory for social movement for political action, join movement to succeed
question

relative deprivation
answer

theory for social movement because right perceived wrong (tea party taxation)
question

new social movements
answer

theory for social movement for identity and culture
question

alternative
answer

social movement (partial change)–seeks to alter individual change [mothers aganist drunk driving]
question

redemptive
answer

social movement (total change)–seeks total change in an individual [religion]
question

reformative
answer

social movement (partial change)–seeks to reform something about society [civil rights movement]
question

transformative
answer

social movement (total change)–seeks to transform social institutions [revolution]
question

transnational
answer

social movement (partial change)–seeks to change condition throughout world [enviromental movement]
question

metaformative
answer

social movement (total change)–seeks to change the social order of entire world [Nazi Germany]

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member