set 1

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
revenues
increase equity and are the assets or monies earned from a company’s earnings activities
investments
increase equity and are assets an owner puts into the business
Dividends
Decrease equity and payments from the company to the owners
Expenses
Decrease equity and are the cost of assets or services used to earn revenue
investments
Owners Investments cause an INCREASE in equity and are entered directly in the COMMON STOCK account
assets
An amount Owned, Resources with future benefits, Controlled by the business
smiths company purchased $100 of supplies and paid immediately. show how to record this transaction in the accounting equation
Decrease Cash; increase supplies
a customer of landen consulting company makes a $400 payment of cash on a bill for services provided last month. Record this transaction into the accounting equation of landen consulting by
Increasing Cash, $400
decreasing accounts receivable, $400
four major types of transactions that affect equity in a business are
expenses, revenues, dividends, and common stock
given the lists of accounts below, identfiy which list contains only acoounts that would appear on a balance sheet
retained earnings, equipment, accounts payable
liability
A liability is an amount owed to a creditor
jackson programming company paid its june rent of $500. demonstrate how to use the accounting equation to record the transaction by completing the following sentence.
Jackson company would decrease CASH and increase EXPENSES in the accounting equation.
operating activities
These activities are the every day activities that occur in running a business, selling a product or providing a service
Investing activities
These activities are the acquiring and disposing of assets that an organization uses in its business
financing activities
These activities provide the monies needed to pay for resources such as land and buildings
revenues
cause equity to increase
how do expenses affect equity
if expenses increase, then total equity decreases
higher expenses cause lower total equity
the accounts payable account is a
liability account
when a business provides a service to a customer *on credit* it means that
Accounts Receivable will be increased
an asset has been created or increased
the business will receive payment for its services at a later time
Dividends (Payments to the owner)
cause a DECREASE in equity and are entered directly in the DIVIDENDS account
how accounting equation applies to businesses
The equation reflects that the total of what a business owns at any point in time will equal the total of what it owes creditors and owners.
The relation of assets, liabilities and equity is reflected in the equation
The equation states that Assets=Liabilities + Equity
The equation applies to all monetary business transactions and events
ABC Co. performs $200 of services for a customer, but does not get paid right away. Demonstrate how ABC Co. would record this transaction in the accounting equation by completling the following sentence
ABC Co. would increase the accounts RECEIVABLE account and increase the REVENUE account in the accounting equation.
Dividends of $60 cash are paid to the corporation’s shareholders.
you would record this transaction in the accounting equation by decreasing the CASH account and INCREASING the dividends account
example of assets
Supplies
Cash
Land
Building
Accounts Receivable
Private accounting
This area of accounting is where employees work for businesses
Public accounting
This area of accounting includes offering tax advice services and auditing services
Both public and private accounting
Accounting specialists in this area of area of accounting are highly regarded
a customer makes a partial payment of $100 on a service for which you have already billed him, you would record this transaction into the accounting equation by
increasing Cash and decreasing Accounts Receivable
on 6/25, supplies costing $1000 were purchased, but only $400 of this amount was paid on 6/25. the remainder of the bill went on account. to record this transaction on 6/25:
Supplies would be increased by $1000; Cash would decreased by $400 and Accounts Payable would be increased by $600
*supplies costing $1000 were purchased
only $400 was paid out in cash
account payable increased by $600 ($1000-400).*
Last month, Hair Salon company purchased $900 of supplies on account. Today, Hair Salon wants to make a payment of $200 on this bill. Record this transactions into the accounting equation of Hair Salon Company by
decreasing cash, $200
decreasing Accounts Payable, $200
Jackson’s Catering provided $3000 worth of cookies to the local college. The college paid immediately. Record this transaction for Jackson’s Catering in the accounting equation by:
Increasing Cash; increasing revenues
using the accounting equation
recording the purchase of equipment for cash would include an increase to the EQUIPMENT account and a decrease to the CASH account
meaning of the cost principle
Cost is measured on a cash or equal-to-cash basis
Accounting information is based on actual cost
Cost of services received is measured as the amount of cash paid
when recording transactions into the accounting equation
At least two accounts will be affected when recording a transaction
After recording the transaction, total assets will always equal total liabilities plus equity
The accounting equation must always remain in balance
why accounting information is useful
it records, summarizes and reports business transactions
it is essential to help make business decisions
it is helpful in comparing the performance of one company against a competitor
net income formula
revenues-expenses=net income
Importance of accounting
Accounting information helps users make business and financial decisions
Accounting is a system that identifies, records and communicates financial information
equity
the equity of a corporation consists of retained earnings and contributed capital
revenue recognition principle
The principle guides a business as to when it should recognize revenue
Revenue should be recorded when it is earned
The earnings process is complete when the services are performed or product is sold
why does a business need accounting information
Accounting records business transactions and communicates financial information.
smith company purchased $8000 of supplies on account. Show how to record this transaction to the T-accounts by selecting the correct answer below
Enter $8000 on left side of the Supplies account; enter $8000 on the right side of the Accounts Payable account
Dividends account
Dividends decrease equity
Dividends is used to record distributions of assets to the stockholders of a business
Dividends is increased on the left side of the T-account
Brown company paid $40 to its stockholders. Show how to record the transaction to the T-accounts by completing the following sentence.
Dividends would be DEBITED on the left side of the T-account, and Cash would be CREDITED on the right side of the T-account
Assets
things of value owned by a business
expenses
the costs of doing business
liabilities
claims against the assets of a business
creditors
individuals or organizations that have rights to receive payments from a business
you are entering a transaction in the journal. place the following steps in the order that they would be entered in the journal
1) enter date of transaction in date column
2)Enter name of accounts debited and their amounts
3)Enter name of accounts credited and their amounts
4)Enter explanation
The cost of land owned by a business is recorded in the land account and this account is classified as an expenses
False
Holt computer services purchased $2000 of new equipment and paid immediately. Illustrate how to record the transaction into T-accounts by completing the following sentence
The equipment account would be DEBITED on the LEFT side of the T-account and the cash account would be CREDITED on RIGHT side of the T-account.
Equity
The residential interest in the assets of a business after deducting the business’a debts
has normal debit balance
Cash, Supplies, Accounts receivable, Buildings
Stan Programming Services provided $8000 of services and received payment immediately. Show how to record this transaction to the T-accounts by selecting the correct answer below
Enter $8000 on left side of the cash account; enter $8000 on the right side of the Service revenue account
a trail balance
is a LIST of accounts and their balances at a point in time and is used to confirm that the sum of debit account balances equals the sum of CREDIT account balances.
when preparing a trail balance
!) List each account title and its amount from the general ledger
2) Compute the total of debit balances and the total of credit balances
3)Verify that total debit balances equal total credit balances
4)Locate & resolve
R Programming pays $900 supply bill that it had received earlier in the month. Illustrate how to record the transaction to the T-accounts by completing the following sentence.
Accounts Payable would be DEBITED on the LEFT side of the T-account, and cash would be CREDITED on the right side of the T-account.
*When the bill is paid, the Accounts payable account will be debited to reduce it. Accounts payable is increased with a credit(right side) and decreased with a debit (left side). Cash is reduced with a credit. Cash is reduced with a credit, which is entered on the right side of the account*
Normal debit balance
Expenses, Dividends, Cash
included on income statment
total revenues
total expenses
net income
Butter Company purchased $300 of supplies for cash. Illustrate how to record the transaction into T-accounts by completing the following sentence.
The supplies account would be DEBITED on LEFT side of the T-accounts and the cash account would be CREDITED on the RIGHT side of the T-account.
T-account has three sides
the top is called the Title
the left side is called the DEBIT side
the right side is called the CREDIT side
The business earns $2800 cash for services performed. How would this receipt affect the total equity of a business
Revenues would be increased, so equity is increased.
accounts that impact equity
Expenses
Common Stock
Revenue
Dividends
a journal
it is a book of original entry that includes a chronological record of all transactions that have occurred within a business during a period occurred
trail balance
it is a list of each account and its balance at any given time and is used to verify that debits=credits
a chart of accounts
it is a list of all ledger accounts which exist in a business and includes an identification number assigned to each account
a general ledger
it is a collection of all accounts with their activity and balances that exist in a business
revenues cause equity
to INCREASE and they are increased on the RIGHT side of the T-accounts
debiting and crediting
A debit can increase an expenses account
a debit or credit can increase or decrease an account, depending on the account
A credit will always decrease an asset account
For an account where a debit is an increase the credit is a decrease
examples of assets
Building, cash, accounts receivable
examples of expenses
rent expenses
supplies expenses
Posting
is transferring entries from the journal to the ledger
the T-account for cash had 3 transactions entered into it. It was increased by $400 and decreased by $100 and by $30, respectively.
Its balance at the end of the period would be a DEBIT balance of $270 *Cash has a normal Debit balance. Cash Balance = $400-($100+$30) = $270*
On Jan. 2, Taylor company performed $800 worth of services for a client. The Client paid $100 immediately, but promised to pay the balance next month.
the journal entry to record this transaction would include a DEBIT to the Cash account; a DEBIT to the Accounts receivable account and a CREDIT to the Service revenue account.
Notes receivable
is classified as an asset
Another name for note receivable is a promissory note
It is the promise of another entity to pay a definite sum of money on a specified future date.
Note receivable is decreased with a credit
common stock account
common stock account is used to record investments by owners
The common stock account is an equity account
The common stock account is increased on the right side of the T-account
Gunner company received $300 cash from a client that had been billed earlier in the month. Show how to record this transaction into T-accounts by selecting the correct answer below.
Place $300 on left side of cash account; place $300 on the right side of accounts receivable account.
posting process
Entries must be posted to the ledger before financial statements are prepared.
to enter transactions on the left side of a T-account
means you are DEBITING the account and will cause an INCREASE in an asset account.
statement regarding journal
A journal is used to record business transactions
Transactions are generally entered in chronological order
In a journal, both the debit and credit side of the transaction can be seen
effect of debiting or crediting accounts
to increase the dividends account, you would debit it
to increase an expenses account, you would debit it
to decrease an asset, you would credit it
to reduce cash you would credit it
to reduce accounts payable you would debit it
accounts receivables
Accounts receivable is increased with a debit
accounts receivable is increased when credit sale are made
accounts receivable reflects the amount of money still owed by customers
accounts receivable is decreased when payments are received from credit customers
Brown Company paid its only employee his weekly wages of $400, Show how to record the transaction to the T-Accounts by completing the following sentence.
The wages expenses account would be DEBITED on the LEFT side of the T-account, and the cash account would be CREDITED on the RIGHT side of the T-account
liability
A liability is a claim by creditors against the assets of a business
A liability is a debit owed by the business
A liability can be settled by transferring assets or providing products or services to others
accounting equation
If the total of the right side of the accounting equation increased, then the total of the left side of the accounting equation must also increase
A business pays $500 for rent. How would this payment affect the equity of business
Expenses are increased, so equity is decrease
Debiting
Debiting means to enter transactions on the left side of a T-account
Enter one word each blank. The expanded accounting equation is:
assets=liabilities + common stock + revenues – expenses – dividends
Dividends of $100 are paid to the shareholders. How would this affect the total equity of his business?
Dividends would be increased and total equity would decrease as well
considered to be *cash* and reflected in a company’s cash account
Coin
Checks
Money orders
prepaid accounts
prepaid accounts are ASSETS that represent prepayments of future expenses and are increased with a DEBIT
The general Ledger can be used to determine which of the following
increases and decreases in all accounts in a business
which accounts are being used by a company and their balances at any given time
common and unique accounts used by a business
Accounts Paybale
Accounts Payable refer to oral or implied promises to pay later, which may arise from the purchase of supplies or services
J. Jackson invested $1000 in his business, Jackson Company. Show how to use T-accounts to record this transaction in Jackson Company’s books by selecting the correct answer below.
Debit cash; credit common stock
Simon invests $10000 in his new business, Simon’s Sports. How would this affect the equity of a business?
Common Stock would be increased, so equity is increased
Recall that the Balance Sheet reports the equity of the accounting equation and would include which of the following amounts?
Total Liabilities
Retained Earnings balance at the end of period
Total Assets
R&R Programming pays a $900 supply bill that it had received earlier in the month. Illustrate how to record the transaction to the T-accounts by completing the following sentence.
Accounts payable would be DEBITED on the LEFT side of the T-account, and cash would be CREDITED on the RIGHT side of the T-account.
Crediting
Crediting a liability account will increase it
Crediting means to enter transactions on the right side of a T-account
Crediting can be abbreviated “Cr”
Crediting the common stock account means to increase it.
examples of revenue accounts
interest revenue, professional fees earned, sales
Equipment
Equipment is an ASSET account. It is reported on the LEFT side of the accounting equation and is INCREASED when equipement is purchased
an account
is record of increases and decreases in a specific asset, liability, equity, revenue or expense item.
affect of expenses on equity
Since expenses are the costs of doing business and cause equity to DECREASE, expenses are increased on the LEFT side of their T-account.
required info to be entered in a journal
Date of transaction, explanation of transaction, debited and credited accounts, dollars amounts of debits and credits
a general ledger definition
A journal is a complete record of each transaction in one place and includes the debit and credit of each transaction
Which of the following statements is are accurate regarding equipment purchased within a business?
Equipment cost is initially recorded as an asset and as it is used and gets worn down, the cost is gradually expensed
Equipment purchases are reported on the balance sheet
Equipment is reported on the left side of the accounting equation
Equipment is an asset
Supplies
Supplies are ASSETS until they are used. When they are used up, their cost are reported as expenses
The balance sheet reports
assets, liabilities, and equity
Brown Company provided services to a customer and immediately collected $1900 cash. Show how to record the transaction to the T-accounts by completing the following sentence.
Service Revenue would be CREDITED on the RIGHT side of the T-account, and Cash would be DEBITED on the LEFT side of the T-Account
entering transactions on a T-account
To enter transactions on the right side of a T-account means you are CREDITING the account and will cause an INCREASE in a liability account.
normal credit balance
Accounts Payable
unearned earnings revenue
common stock
land account
The Land account is used to record the costs of land purchased by the business
The Land account is an asset
The Land account would be increased on the left side of its T-account
Which of the following financial statements represents the financial position of a business at a point in time
Balance Sheet
the business earns $2800 cash for services performed. How would this receipt affect the total equity of a business?
Revenues would be increased, so equity is increased.
Which of the following statements are correct regarding the Note Payable account
Notes payable is liability account
Notes Payable is increased on the right side of the T-account
Notes payable is recorded on the balance sheet
Note payable is formal promise to pay a certain sum of money on a specified future date
examples of prepaid (expense) accounts
Prepaid rent, prepaid insurance
a posting reference
a posting reference in a Ledger includes the page number of the account debited or credited on the journal and serves as a link to cross-reference the transaction from one to another
The notes Payable
the notes payable account is a LIABILITY account and is increased on the RIGHT side of the T-account
when financial statements are prepared
when financial statements are prepared, unexpired prepaid accounts are recorded as ASSETS and the expired portion of the prepaid account is reported as an EXPENSE
Building account
the building asset account is used to record the costs of purchasing a store,office,warehouse or factory
the business receives and immediately pays a $300 advertising bill. How would this payment affect the total equity of business?
Expenses would be increased, so equity is decreased
In defining an accounting period, which of the following statements are correct?
An accounting period is determined by the business
An accounting period can be one moth, one quarter or one year
A one-year reporting period is known as the fiscal year

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