SAT Essay – Literary Devices

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Allusion
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A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
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Anecdote
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A brief story that illustrates or makes a point
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Testimony
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Information taken from experts or expert documentation to support written or spoken communication.
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Statistics
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Data that provides information about something
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Rhetorical Questions
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Asking an obvious question of your audience without intending for them to answer; a technique that is intended to provoke thought about the obvious
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Metaphor
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A direct comparison between two unlike things, saying one thing is another, using the \"to be\" verb, not \"like\" or \"as.\"
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Simile
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A direct comparison made between two unlike things, using a word of comparison such as like, as, than, such as, or resembles
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Personification
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A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes (e.g. the leaves danced in the wind)
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Exaggeration / Hyperbole
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To make an overstatement or to stretch the truth.
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Symbolism
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A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
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Imagery
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Figurative language that appeals to the senses and creates visuals
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Diction
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An author's choice of words to convey a tone or effect.
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Slang
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Informal language
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Jargon
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Language used by a special group; technical terminology; specialized language
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Connotation
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Associations of implied meanings of words. Can be positive or negative.
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Alliteration
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Repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together (e.g. better butter, Spongebob Squarepants)
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Syntax
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Sentence structure; if the sentences are short or long,simple or complex.
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Repetition
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Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
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Parallelism
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Phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
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Juxtaposition
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Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
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Contrast
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Juxtaposing two items to give an account of the differences
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Analogy
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A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
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Point of View
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Perspective from which a story is told.
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Tone
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Attitudes and presuppositions of the author that are revealed by their linguistic choices (diction, syntax, rhetorical devices)
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Humour
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Either a play on words (two meanings for the same word) or a literary tone for comic effect
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Emotive Language
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Words used deliberately to create an emotional impact
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Inclusive Language
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Use of personal prounouns to make the audience feel part of a group.
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question
Allusion
answer
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
question
Anecdote
answer
A brief story that illustrates or makes a point
question
Testimony
answer
Information taken from experts or expert documentation to support written or spoken communication.
question
Statistics
answer
Data that provides information about something
question
Rhetorical Questions
answer
Asking an obvious question of your audience without intending for them to answer; a technique that is intended to provoke thought about the obvious
question
Metaphor
answer
A direct comparison between two unlike things, saying one thing is another, using the \"to be\" verb, not \"like\" or \"as.\"
question
Simile
answer
A direct comparison made between two unlike things, using a word of comparison such as like, as, than, such as, or resembles
question
Personification
answer
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes (e.g. the leaves danced in the wind)
question
Exaggeration / Hyperbole
answer
To make an overstatement or to stretch the truth.
question
Symbolism
answer
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
question
Imagery
answer
Figurative language that appeals to the senses and creates visuals
question
Diction
answer
An author's choice of words to convey a tone or effect.
question
Slang
answer
Informal language
question
Jargon
answer
Language used by a special group; technical terminology; specialized language
question
Connotation
answer
Associations of implied meanings of words. Can be positive or negative.
question
Alliteration
answer
Repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together (e.g. better butter, Spongebob Squarepants)
question
Syntax
answer
Sentence structure; if the sentences are short or long,simple or complex.
question
Repetition
answer
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
question
Parallelism
answer
Phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
question
Juxtaposition
answer
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
question
Contrast
answer
Juxtaposing two items to give an account of the differences
question
Analogy
answer
A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
question
Point of View
answer
Perspective from which a story is told.
question
Tone
answer
Attitudes and presuppositions of the author that are revealed by their linguistic choices (diction, syntax, rhetorical devices)
question
Humour
answer
Either a play on words (two meanings for the same word) or a literary tone for comic effect
question
Emotive Language
answer
Words used deliberately to create an emotional impact
question
Inclusive Language
answer
Use of personal prounouns to make the audience feel part of a group.