Please enter something

Ryan’s Occupational Therapy Assistant Test 3

question

FOR
answer

frame of reference
question

Parts of a FOR
answer

theoretical base, theoretical assumptions, function/dysfunction continua, indicators of function/dysfunction, postulates regarding change
question

theoretical base
answer

concept drawn from various theories that support the use of the guideline
question

theoretical assumptions
answer

statements that are knowledge based and are indentified as serving a foundation for the information looked at in this model
question

function/dysfunction continua
answer

deficits addressed by the frame of reference
question

indicators of function/dysfunction
answer

guide the therapst in the evaluation phase of the interview
question

postualates regarding change
answer

guide the intervention used to treat the deficits
question

Model of Human Occupation (MOHO)
answer

humans are open systems to their environment. throughput makes up the human system & consists of violition, habituation, & performance
question

Occupational Adaptation (OA)
answer

adaptation process occurs from interaction between the person & the occupational environment in response to occupational challenges
question

Ecology of Human Performance
answer

interaction between the person & the context, affects human behavior & task performance, therapeutic intervention is aimed to restore, establish, alter, modify, prevent & or create performance ex. I think I can, so I can
question

Person-Environment-Occupation
answer

(think 3 circles) occupational performance emerges from the overlap of three circles representing the transactional relationship between the environment-person-occupation which changes across the lifespan
question

Frames of reference for physical Dysfunction
answer

rehabilitation, biomechanical, neurodevelopmental theory (ndt), proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (pnf)
question

rehabilitation (FOR)
answer

enable a person to acheive maximum level of function when the impairment is medically stable. intervention includes compensatory strategies and teaching-learning strategies to return patient to prior level of function
question

biomechanical (FOR)
answer

addresses the body structure to address the impairment, occupational performance is regained as the body structure is healed ex. work on strength, endurance, range of motion
question

Neurodevelopmental theory (NDT)
answer

targets the reorganization of the brain motor areas by positioning, inhibition, & facilitation of new movement patterns ex. brain cancer, cerebral palsey, stroke
question

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitaion (PNF)
answer

address movement patterns and postures ex. body won’t move in the right direction; parkinsons (to help remember pnf=parts not functioning)
question

Sensory integration (for, primarily pediatric)
answer

focuses on the smooth working together of all the senses to provide information needed for accurate perception & motor action. ex. autism, adhd, alzheimers
question

Standards of Practice:
answer

1. Professional Standing and Responsibility 2. Referral 3. Screening 4. Evaluation 5. Intervention Plan 6. Intervention 7. Transition Services 8. Discontinuation
question

OT Process
answer

1. Referral 2. Evaluation (includes screening) 3. Treatment Plan 4. Intervention Implementation 5. Program Discontinuation
question

___________ established the Standards of Practice for OT practitioners.
answer

AOTA
question

The Standards of Practice are client _______ and _____.
answer

centered, interactive
question

The Standards of Practice are _______ to assist the OT practitioners.
answer

guidelines
question

The Standards of Practice are _______ for the OT practitioners.
answer

requirements
question

What is a referral?
answer

request for OT service
question

Referrals can come __________ or ________ initial screening. (no touch)
answer

before, after
question

Someone can be seen without a referral? True or False?
answer

True (seen not touched)
question

The evaluation process includes ______ and _______.
answer

screening, assessment
question

The evaluation process refers to the process of _____ and _______ data.
answer

collecting, interpreting
question

Screening can be preformed by _______ healthcare providers.
answer

multiple
question

In many cases the screening process is the _____ step in determining if OT services are warranted.
answer

first
question

During the screening process information is gathered through:
answer

1. Observation 2. By interviews of patient and family members 3. review of patient chart and medical history
question

What is the purpose of an assessment?
answer

1. determine patient’s current level of function 2. identify deficits
question

What information might the OTA need to provide the OT from the screening?
answer

patient’s work history, educational history, prior level of function, structured interview
question

The main concern in OT is _____ and uses activities to:__________, _________________, __________, _________
answer

Function Develop, improve, restore Compensate Minimize or prevent promote health and wellness
question

In order for patients to participate in areas of occupation they must have the following performance skills: _____, ____, _______
answer

motor control, communication skills, cognitive processes
question

Two other important areas that impact the performance of occupation are _______ and ________.
answer

personal patterns and external contexts
question

An ________ helps to identify the patient’s weakness, strengths, and needs.
answer

evaluation
question

The _____ analyzes all the data and determines it the patient is appropriate for services.
answer

OT
question

__________ helps to determine how much of a degree in change can be expected or possible.
answer

evaluation
question

__________ allows OT to make outside referrals (home health, hospital bed)
answer

evaluation
question

__________ helps OT determine what activities to use that will provide the most benefits.
answer

evaluation
question

________ this process involves identifying the patients PROBLEMS and SELECTING GOALS.
answer

treatment plan
question

The OT should use a problem solving process to set goals:
answer

1. problem identification (long and short goals) 2. Solution development 3. development of a plan of action 4. implementation of the plan 5. assessment of results
question

The treatment planning process includes the following items:
answer

1. establish long and short goals 2. timeline or time when goals will be met 3. determine activities that will be used 4. identify specifics frames of reference to use 5. consider patient goals, values, culture 6. consider family/social support
question

_____ patient participation during this process guarantees cooperation from the patient. DO NOT STEROTYPE!
answer

Active
question

Outcomes of intervention must relate to _____ and ____.
answer

patient needs and priorities of the individual.
question

Critical factors in effective treatment planning are _____ and ______.
answer

knowledge of different activities, and skill in activity analysis
question

_______ term objectives are board and written to reflect expected outcomes.
answer

long
question

List the short tem objectives (mini-steps):
answer

1. Relate to long term objectives 2. contribute to the achievement of long term objectives 3. must be achievable 4. must be measurable 5. serve as a record of improvement due to being met in a short amount of time.
question

_______ _________ involves setting the problem and identifying the steps that are necessary to address the needs and deficits of the patient.
answer

treatment planning
question

_____ ______ means putting the plan into action
answer

treatment implementation
question

All treatment interventions are based on a ____ ______.
answer

treatment plan
question

Supervision is a must during this step to prevent harm to patient. (fall risk, o2, bp issues)
answer

treatment implementation
question

Need to modify treatment approach my require re-evaluation by ______
answer

OT
question

Treat patients according to ______ level and ______.
answer

skill, comfort
question

______ my contribute suggestions for treatment modifications.
answer

OTA
question

Re-evaluation refers to repeating certain assessments and analyzing the findings these include:
answer

1. Rewrite goals 2. reestablish time frames 3. discontinue OT service the OT may delegate certain aspects of the reevaluation to the OTA 4. Comparison of initial data/finding at reevaluation findings determine progress or lack of.
question

Discontinue treatment intervention when:
answer

1. goals met 2. when patient is not making progress 3. change in medical status 4. patient or family request
question

______ contributes to the discharge summary by providing valuable input in reference to the patient status and performance.
answer

OTA
question

The OTA may perform the following duties during discharge:
answer

1. provide home based program instructions 2. identify community resources 3. identify key personnel for follow-up 4. recommend environmental adaptations and assistive devices.
question

_______ means engaging in purposeful activity.
answer

occupation
question

Occupation provides a person with feelings of _______ and _____________ throughout life.
answer

purpose and self-esteem
question

The _______ and __________ enable people to function as central part of a larger whole.
answer

activities and occupations
question

The word occupation in the professional title refers to:
answer

goal directed use of time, energy, interest, and attention
question

The three main types of occupations that are necessary for the achievement of optimal performance and quality of life:
answer

ADL, work, leisure
question

__________ fundamental concern is developing and maintaining the capacity to perform, with satisfaction to self and others, the tasks and roles essential to productive living and mastering self and the environment through the life span.
answer

OT’S
question

Occupations reduce the ______ and ______ independence by skills acquisition (bathing, dressing, feeding)
answer

disability and promote
question

OT is the art and science of directing the individuals participation in selected tasks to _______, _______, and ______ performance
answer

restore, reinforce, and enhance
question

OT focuses on skills and functions essential for:
answer

1. Adaptation and production 2. Diminishing or correcting pathology 3. Promoting and maintaining health
question

OT provides services to people or groups whose abilities to cope with tasks of living are threatened or impaired by:
answer

1. Developmental deficits 2. The aging process 3. Physical injury 4. Illness 5. Psychological and social disabilities
question

Things to consider when individualizing treatment:
answer

1. environment 2. Society 3. Change 4. prevention
question

_____ includes all the factors that provide input to the individual.
answer

environment
question

Each individual has TWO environments that constantly provide input ____________ and __________
answer

external and internal
question

Name 3 external environments.
answer

1. Climate (cold/hot) 2. Community ( rural, urban and suburban) 3.Economic status (both community and individual)
question

_________ environment provides feedback to the individual informing them on how to respond to external environments.
answer

internal
question

Name 4 internal environments.
answer

1. Moods 2. Emotional states 3. Self image 4. Phobias
question

The _________ environment remains long after the ______ environment has changed.
answer

internal, external
question

People form groups and communities where they tend to perpetuate their __________ and ________.
answer

culture and lifestyles
question

_______ are patterns of BEHAVIOR that is common to many members of a particular group.
answer

customs
question

The group rules are _______ BUT they get passed down from generation to generation.
answer

unwritten
question

__________ are inherited patterns of THOUGHT or ACTION that can be handed down through generations or can develop in singular family units.
answer

traditions
question

What is an example of superstitions?
answer

black cat path, walking under ladder etc.
question

________, _______ and ______ are very personal and become part of the person’s internal environment.
answer

values, beliefs, and attitudes
question

________, _______ and ______ develop via feedback from other people such as place of employment, leisure environments, sociocultural status, economic status and self image.
answer

values, beliefs, and attitudes
question

________, _______ and ______ develop through environmental transactions and influence lifestyles.
answer

values, beliefs, and attitudes
question

The relationship between humans and the environment goes far beyond the simple stimulus _______ _____
answer

response theory
question

The indicators of _______/___________ guide the therapist in the evaluation phase of the intervention.
answer

function/dysfunction
question

Frames of reference for psychosocial function:
answer

role acquisition behavioral FoR Psychodynamic FoR Cognitive/Behavioral FoR
question

Pediatric- Focused FoR
answer

Motor skills acquisition, sensory integration
question

Cognitive/Perceptual FoR
answer

Cognitive Rehab Dynamic Interactional Neurofunctional Approach
question

Models used in OT
answer

Client Centered Model Model of Human Occupation Occupational Adaptation Occupational Science