Research Part II

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Open ended review
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questioning research participants orally without a fixed list of questions
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transcription
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typing a verbatim narrative from a recorded interview or focus group
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Rigor
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characteristics of a study that give its findings credibility and greater value
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Partcipant
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person from whom data are collected during a qualitative study
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bracketing
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setting aside one’s values and perspectives during the data collecting and analysis process
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secondary source
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account of an event by a person who learned about the even from another person
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reflexive thought
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researcher explores personal feelings and experiences that may influence the study and integrates this understanding into study
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Phenomenological Research
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focused on the lived experience
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snowballing
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persons who have provided data for a study tell other eligible persons about the study
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field notes
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notes from a research observation
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emic approach
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studying behavior from within a culture
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grounded theory research
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qualitative method that describes social processes and proposes a frame work of related concepts
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historical research
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research about from where nursing has come
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gestalt
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knowledge about a particular phenomenon is organized into a cluster of linked ideas
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ethnographic research
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study that explores the culture of a specific group of people or an organization
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extraneous variable
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variables that exist in all studies and can affect the measurement of study variables; the researcher attempts to control the influence of these variables so they dont impact the study findings
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research purpose
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clear, concise statement of the specific goal or focus of the study that is generated from the problem
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research problem
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area of concern or gap in the knowledge base that is needed for practice and thus requires study
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operational definition of variable
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description of how variables will be measured or manipulated
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research question
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concise interrogative statement developed to direct a study; focuses on description of variables, examination of relationships among variables
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research topic
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concept or broad problem area that provides the basis for generation numerous research problems
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independent variable
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treatment or experimental activity that is manipulated or varied by the researcher to create an effect on the dependent variable
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hypothesis
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formal statement of the expected relationship between or expected outcome from 2/+ variables in a specified population
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conceptual definition of variable
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def’n that provides a variable or concept with connotative meaning, established through concept analysis, concept derivation, concept synthesis or qual. studies
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dependent variable
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response behavior or outcome that is predicted or explained in research; changes in this variable are presumed to be caused by indep variable
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demographic variable
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variables that are identified and data that are collected from the study subjects so the sample can be described
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simple hypothesis
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hypothesis stating the rel’ship (associative/casual) between 2 variables
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research hypothesis
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alternative hypothesis to the null hypothesis; states that a rel’ship exists between 2/+ variables
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casual hypothesis
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hypothesis stating a rel’ship between 2 variables in which one variable (indep var) is thought to cause or determine the presence of the other variable (dep var)
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nondirectional hypothesis
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hypothesis stating that a rel’ship exists but not predicting the exact nature of the re’ship
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complex hypothesis
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hypothesis predicting the rel’ship (associative/casual) among 3/+ variables
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associative hypothesis
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hypothesis stating a rel’ship in which variables that occur or exist together in the real world are identified; thus when one variable changes, the other variables change
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directional hypothesis
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hypothesis stating the specific nature of the interaction or rel’ship between 2/+ variables
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null hypothesis
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hypothesis stating that no relationship exist among variables
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complex search
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search strategy that combines 2/+ keywords in one search
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theoretical lit
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lit that includes concept analyses, conceptual maps, theories and conceptual frameworks that support a selected research problem and purpose
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full text database
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electronic collection of complete journal articles
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primary source
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source whose author originated or is responsible for generating the ideas published
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special library
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library that contains a collection of materials on a specific topic or specialty area (ex)library associated with a hospital
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keywords
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major concepts of a topic used to begin a computer search
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integrative review of research
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review conducted to identify, analyze, and synthesize the results of indep. studies to determine the current knowledge in particular area
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citation
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the author, year, title of a source and publication info that allows reader to find the reference to which author is referring
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review of lit
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review of theoretical and empirical sources to generate a picture of what is known and not known about a problem
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bibliographical database
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compilation of citations
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benchmarker
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the results of meta-analysis that are used to establish a standard of quality care
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evidence for best practice
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critical appraisal and synthesis of findings of quantitative and qualitative studies that should guide policies and procedures for pt care
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link
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moves you from one website to another
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academic library
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library located within an institution of higher learning that contains numerous journals and books
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dissertation
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extensive, usually original research project that is completed by a doctoral student as a part of requirements for a doctoral degree
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electronic journal
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journal published and available on internet
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periodical
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lit source thats published over time and is numbered according to the year
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abstract thinking
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thinking oriented toward the development of a general idea, w/o association with a particular instance
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concept
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term that is abstractly names an object or phenomenon
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conceptual map for a study
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diagram showing the interrelationship between concepts presented in a study
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conceptual model
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includes abstract constructs that explain a phenomenon, express assumptions and reflect a philosophical stance. orem developed one of these to describe professional nursing
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construct
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highly abstract ideas used in constructing conceptual models
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middle range theory
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type of theory that is commonly used as a framework in research
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proposition
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abstract statement describing rel’ship among concepts that make up a middle range theory and usually 1 or 2 variables tested
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scientific theory
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type of theory that has been extensively tested through research and includes clear definitions of concepts and factual relationships
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theory
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organized set of concepts and statements that serve to describe, explain, and predict an event or phenomenon

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