RC 10 – Victim Blaming Flashcards

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the blame-the-victim dymanic
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If poverty causes high rates of crime, the high crime rates can be used to justify discrimination against those who live in poverty. This best illustrates
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the mere exposure effect
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Participants in a voter preference study favored the presidential candidate whose face blended some of their own facial features with those of the candidate. This best illustrates the impact of
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conformity
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According to the scapegoat theory, prejudice is likely to result from
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cognitive dissonance
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The discomfort we feel when two thoughts are inconsistent is called
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the just-world phenomenon
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An eagerness to believe that victims of a natural disaster are being punished by God for their sins best illustrates a potential consequence of
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a situational attribution
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Having observed participants in his simulated prison study, Philip Zimbardo offered an explanation for the destructive behavior of U.S. military guards at Iraq’s Abu Ghraib Prison. Zimbardo’s explanation best exemplified
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personality traits; situational constraints
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We have a tendency to explain the behavior of strangers we have observed in only one type of situation in terms of ________ and to explain our own behavior in terms of ________.
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vivid cases
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Twenty Wallonians were arrested for nonviolent crimes, whereas 20 Pireaneans were arrested for violent crimes. The tendency to judge that more crimes were committed by Pireaneans than by Wallonians best illustrates the power of
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stereotypes
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Overgeneralized beliefs about a group of people that often underlie prejudicial emotions are called
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a social trap
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Continuing to operate a fuel-inefficient car despite warnings about the effect of greenhouse gases best illustrates the dynamics of
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mirror-image perceptions
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Haley thinks Keith’s silence indicates that he’s angry, so she avoids talking to him. Unfortunately, Keith thinks Haley’s quietness signifies that she’s angry and wants to be left alone. This situation best illustrates
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visual perception
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Research participants believed that the Asch conformity test involved a study of

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