quizs – Flashcard

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What was the first Western music to be preserved in written notation rather than passed down by oral tradition?
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religious music
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The term, referring to the organization of time in music, gives shape to the pitches of the melody.
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rhythm
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The __________ is a horizontal grid onto which are put the symbols of musical notation.
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staff
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Which symbol raises a note to the next higher neighboring tone?
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sharp
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A __________ is the basic chord in music; it consists of three pitches arranged in a specific manner
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triad
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What is the word that indicates a loud, sudden attack on a particular note or chord?
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sforzando
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Which voice category has a range that falls between the high and low male voice categories?
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baritone
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What is the name of the musical element that refers to the density and disposition of musical lines within a composition?
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texture
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The musical texture involving two or more simultaneously sounding lines is called __________.
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polyphony
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Chords that are __________ consist of pitches that sound agreeable and stable.
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consonant
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__________ is the distinctive sound produced by the interaction of the elements of music, creating a special manner of presentation.
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style
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What began in the monasteries of Western Europe around the year 1000?
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musical notation, with note-heads placed on lines and spaces
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Which church administrator decreed that certain chants should be sung on certain days of the liturgical year?
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Pope gregory the great
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Given to the church as a tithe while still a child, this composer of Gregorian chant later founded a convent and gave advice to popes as well as kings.
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Hildegard of Bingen
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The Ordinary of the Mass describes
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chants with unvarying texts that are sung virtually everyday
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What does “humanism” mean?
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he belief that people have the capacity to shape their world, and create good and beautiful things; emphasizes self-esteem and human worth
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Which term designates a composition sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment?
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a cappella
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The Council of Trent, influenced by the music of __________, decided to retain polyphony in the Mass.
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Palestrina
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A __________ is a distinctive motive that is sung or played in turn by each voice or instrumental line
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point of imitation
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When music artfully depicts, or even mimics, the text, the result is called:
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word painting
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The idea that different musical moods could and should be used to influence the emotions of the listener is known as:
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doctrine of affections
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What was the single most important genre of music to emerge in the Baroque era?
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opera
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The dramatic text that composers set to music in an opera, oratorio, or cantata is called:
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liberetto
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What is the name given to the new kind of solo singing that emerged during the early Baroque era?
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monody
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The most common basso continuo group was the:
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harpsicord and a low sting instrument such as the viola da gamba
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Which term describes the sharp, abrupt dynamic contrasts found in the music of the Baroque era?
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terraced dynamics
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Musically heightened speech that relates the action or dramatic narrative to the audience is called:
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recitative
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What type of vocal style is characterized by clear meter, regular rhythms, and long vocal melismas (one vowel spread out over many notes)?
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aria
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Orfeo is important in Western music because:
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first true opera
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In the opera Dido and Aeneas, who dies of a broken heart?
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dido
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The manner of composing for instruments that exploits the strengths, special abilities, and color of a particular instrument or voice while avoiding its weaknesses is known as:
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idiomatic writing
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Which instrument dominated the sound of the Baroque orchestra and generally led to the rising popularity of instrumental music?
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violin
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Which genre of composition consists of two sections; the first is set in a slow duple meter with stately dotted rhythms, while the second is in a fast triple meter in an imitative style?
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french overture
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What form is typically used in the first and third movements of a concerto grosso?
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ritrornello form
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Which musician was engaged to teach music for a girl’s orphanage, the Hospice of Mercy, and wrote many solo concertos for the all-female orchestra?
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vivaldi
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How did the style of late Baroque music change from those that characterized the early part of the period?
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all of the above…. haha look it up i gues
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What is the term adopted by composers to enumerate and identify their compositions?
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opus
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A note, usually in the bass, that is sustained (or repeated) for a period of time while harmonies change around it is called:
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a pedal point
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Which composer spent the greatest part of his career as the Cantor of the St. Thomas Church in Leipzig, working there between 1723 and 1750?
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bach
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The Well-Tempered Clavier consists of two sets of twenty-four
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preludes and fugues
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Which composer was born and trained in Germany, established his reputation in Italy, and made his career in England?
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handel
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Water Music is an example of the:
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dance suit
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This genre, intended for entertainment as well as spiritual edification, had a libretto based on stories from the Bible.
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oratorio
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Handel conducted the premiere performance of his oratorio Messiah in:
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dublin
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Where is Handel buried?
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West Minister Abbey
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The years between ___________ is known as the Classical Period.
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1750-1820
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Identify the statement regarding comic opera (opera buffa) that does not apply.
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(so not about comic opera) it was beautiful, grandiose, somewhat stiff, and expensive to produce. (about comic opera –>) stories either mocked the nobility for its pomposity and incompetence or criticized it for being heartless
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Identify the musical trait that is NOT typical of Classic period style.
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rhythm moves in a regular, constant pattern throughout the movement
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Phrases that are dependent upon each other to produce a complete musical idea are called __________ and __________.
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antecedent, consequent
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What term describes the technique of playing the notes of a chord in succession rather than simultaneously, providing a continuous stream of sound?
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Alberti bass
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Identify the statement that does NOT apply to Vienna during the late eighteenth century.
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it was the largest city in Europe
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One of the most influential creators of the mature Classical style, he composed 104 symphonies and was the first to use theme and variations form for a movement in that genre. Because of his innovations, he is known as the “father of the string quartet.”
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Haydn
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Which form was the only one that actually came into being in the Classical period?
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sonata-allegro
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The minuet was most commonly in:
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ternary form
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A sonata is typically a three-movement composition performed by:
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a solo keyboard or instrument
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The section in sonata-allegro form that presents the main thematic material of the movement is the:
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exposition
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Which list cites composers in the correct chronological order?
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Josquin, Monteverdi, Corelli, Handel
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Which section of sonata-allegro form frequently consists of unstable harmonies, plentiful use of melodic and harmonic sequence, and fugato?
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development
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Mozart found the system of aristocratic patronage irritating, and after several unpleasant scenes with his patron, the archbishop of Salzburg, he cut himself free and moved to Vienna, determined to make a living as a freelance musician.
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true
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In sonata-allegro form, the second theme is typically in a contrasting mood with the first.
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true
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Which musical element is most often altered in theme and variation form?
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melody
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This composition was first performed in London in 1792, and the audience so enjoyed the theme and variations movement that they cheered, demanding that the orchestra play it again as an encore.
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Haydn, Symphony No. 94, “The Surprise,” second movement
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Which movement of a symphony is normally characterized by a fast tempo, use of sonata-allegro form, and has a serious and substantive mood?
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first
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Which instrument was added to the orchestra during the Classical period?
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clarinet
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Which genre is primarily intended for a small audience or just for the performers themselves?
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string quartet
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Which instrument is most closely associated with the genre of the sonata?
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piano
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How does the soloist signal the end of the cadenza?
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plays a trill
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Which vocal genre was not important during the Classical period?
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cantata
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What is the term for German comic opera?
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singspiel
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In Don Giovanni, the character of Leporello is:
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a faithful, though reluctant, servant

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