Quiz 6

_____ is the use of radioactive materials in contact with or implanted into the tissues to be treated.
brachytherapy
The term _____ means to destroy worn-out red blood cells and to liberate hemoglobin.
hemolytic
A/An _____ is a physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of malignant disorders such as tumors and cancer.
oncologist
The bloodborne infection _____ is commonly known as HIV.
human immunodeficiency virus
A/An _____ disorder is any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition in which the immune system produces antibodies to work against its own tissues
autoimmune
A/An _____ is a medication that is capable of inhibiting the growth of or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms.
antibiotic
_____system is a group of proteins that normally circulate in the blood in an inactive form.
complement
The bacteria that form a chain are known as
streptococci
_____is a parasite that is commonly transmitted from pets to humans by contact with contaminated feces.
toxoplasmosis
_____ is a form of treatment that disrupts the blood supply to the tumor.
antiangiogenesis
_____ commonly known as anaphylactic shock, is a severe life-threatening response to an allergen.
anaphylaxis
_____in situ describes a malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues.
carcinoma
A radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presence of tumors or precancerous cells is known as
mammography
_____commonly known as AIDS, is the most advanced and fatal stage of an HIV infection.
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
_____ is a disease caused by a parasite that lives in certain mosquitoes and is transferred to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito.
malaria
The term _____ describes one-celled microscopic organisms, some of which cause diseases in humans.
bacteria
A/An _____ disorder occurs when the immune response is compromised.
immunodeficiency
A/An _____is a medication that prevents or reduces the bodys normal immune response.
immunosuppressant
A/An _____ is a benign tumor made up of muscle tissue.
myoma
_____ is a diagnostic test to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessels.
lymphoscintigraphy
_____ is a class of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled division of cells
cancer
The _____ is a mass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart.
thymus
____ are leukocytes that provide immunological defenses against many infectious organisms.
monocytes
_____lymphoma is the term used to describe all lymphomas other than Hodgkins lymphoma.
non-Hodgkin’s
Which term refers to an acquired unresponsiveness to a specific antigen?
tolerance
An abnormal enlargement of the spleen is known as
splenomegaly
A/An _____ is a medication that kills or damages cells.
cytotoxic drug
A/An _____ reaction involves binding antigens to antibodies.
antigen-antibody
A _____ is a technique in which an x-ray-guided needle is used to remove small samples of tissue from the breast.
needle breast biopsy
______ wraps the body in a physical barrier to prevent invading organisms from entering the body.
intact skin
The bacteria that form irregular groups or clusters are known as
staphylococci
The Epstein-Barr virus causes the condition known as
infectious mononucleosis
A/an _____ is a small, bean-shaped structure containing specialized lymphocytes that are capable of destroying pathogens.
lymph node
Ductal carcinoma _____ is breast cancer at its earliest stage before the cancer has broken through the wall of the milk duct.
in situ
A/An _____ is any substance that the body regards as being foreign.
antigen
Which blood test is most accurate at confirming the presence of HIV?
western blot
Radiation therapy that is administered at a distance from the body is known as
teletherapy
Which term is an example of a soft-tissue sarcoma?
synovial sarcoma
Which cells are specialized lymphocytes that produce antibodies?
B cells
_____ is a rare but aggressive form of breast cancer.
inflammatory breast cancer

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