Quiz 3: first aid

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The quick and ready administration of basic medical help given to victims until emergency medical care can be given is known as:
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first aid
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What should you do if a person is choking and is unable to speak, breathe, or cough?
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deliver 5 back blow and 5 abdominal thrusts
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What should you do if a person is unconscious and not breathing?
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begin CPR
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Which of the following statements are true of the Good Samaritan laws?
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They provide legal protection for rescuers. They provide legal protection for victims. They are meant to encourage responsible people to offer aid to accident victims.
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You must ask the victim permission to administer first aid if:
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the victim is conscious
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caused by a scraping away of the skin’s surface and are susceptible to infection.
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abrasions
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Which of the following injuries can be treated by applying direct pressure with a bandage or towel?
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a severe wound a minor cut
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If a shock victim is feeling cold, what is the best thing to do for him?
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cover him with a blanket
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In which of the following situations should you alert EMS?
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loss of consciousness
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In which of the following situations should you call the Poison Control Center?
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possible overdose on medication
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A list of emergency care numbers should be kept:
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near every phone in the house
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The most important thing to do in an emergency is:
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stay calm
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It is important to wear rubber gloves or a plastic face mask when administering first aid:
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not only to protect yourself and the victim from the spread of infectious diseases but also to keep blood or other fluids from getting on your face or hands
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Signs of a sprain, fracture, or dislocation might include:
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bruising pain swelling
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A fracture is defined as:
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a broken, cracked, or chipped bone
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If someone has suffered a neck, back, or head injury, you should not:
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touch the victim’s head with your hands move the victim stabilize the victim’s head and neck
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indicate the sequence of steps you should take upon arriving at the scene of an accident
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Check the scene for hazardous conditions. Check the vital signs of the victim(s). Call EMS with information about the accident. Administer first aid.
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Which of the following injuries is the most severe?
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breathlessness
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indicate the correct order of procedures to deal with a heat related illness.
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Get the victim out of the heat. Call EMS. Remove sweat-saturated clothing. Cover the victim’s body with cool, damp sheets. Fan the victim’s body.
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the pertinent information about the accident that will need to be given to the EMS dispatcher.
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your name how the victims are being helped who is involved in the emergency what happened where the emergency is located
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the cessation of the pumping of the heart
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cardiac arrest
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the death of part of the heart muscle
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heart attack
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an unplanned event that usually results in injury or loss
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accident
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a sudden and temporary lack of blood flow to the brain caused by clot or blockage in an artery
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stroke
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slurred speech, confusion, and numbness
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stroke symptoms
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nausea, persistent chest pain, and irregular pulse rate
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heart attack symptoms
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a life-threatening condition brought on by a serious injury or illness
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shock
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medication, pesticides, and household cleaners
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ingested poisons
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car exhaust, household cleaners, and chlorine fumes
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inhaled poisons
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poison ivy, poison sumac, battery acid, and lawn fertilizers
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absorbed poisons
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spider and snake venom
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injected poisons
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characterized by damage to the epidermis and the dermis.
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2nd degree burns
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only cause redness, minor pain, and swelling.
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1st degree burns
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run cool water over the burned area, pat the area dry, and then cover it with a sterile bandage.
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minor burns
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should be flushed with cool water until EMS arrives.
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chemical burns
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if a person is bitten by a snake or shows signs of an allergic reaction to a bee sting.
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call EMS
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shivering, confusion, numbness, slow pulse, apathy, and loss of coordination.
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hypothermia
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white or grayish skin, blisters, and numbness.
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moderate to sever frostbite
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If someone is suffering from frostbite, submerge the affected area in
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warm water and do not rub the area
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Which of the following are ways to help a victim of hypothermia warm up gradually?
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Cover the victim with a blanket. Put warm dry clothes on the victim. Give the victim warm liquids if he is conscious.
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pale, moist skin, heavy sweating, and dizziness.
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heat exhaustion
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hot, flushed skin and diminished sweating.
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heat stroke

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