Quiz 15

Cells that are capable of unlimited division and retain the ability to become different cell types are called
B cells.
replication cells.
tissue cells.
stem cells.
stem cells.
Which of the following is NOT a safety mechanism in place to help maintain cell order and decrease the chance of cancer developing in the body?
initiating event
cellular “suicide”
stem cell protection
cellular growth signals
initiating event
The most common form of cancer, ________, is a large category of cancers that originate from epithelial tissue.
carcinoma
melanoma
leukemia
sarcoma
carcinoma
Kyle has a cancer of the lymph nodes or glands. What type of cancer does Kyle have?
lymphoma
leukemia
myeloma
sarcoma
lymphoma
The most significant risk for most cancers is
age.
sex.
ethnicity.
family history.
age
Certain environmental conditions can increase one’s likelihood of being exposed to carcinogens and developing cancer. Which of the following is NOT an environment that increases one’s exposure to carcinogens?
cities
farming states
industrial areas
dense forests
dense forests
Which of the following statements regarding tobacco use and cancer is FALSE?
Tobacco is the single most preventable cause of cancer in the U.S.
Chemicals from tobacco use that are absorbed into the bloodstream increase the risk for bladder, pancreas, stomach, liver, kidney, and bone marrow cancer.
It is responsible for 87 percent of all lung cancer deaths.
Smokers are no more likely to die from lung cancer than nonsmokers.
Smokers are no more likely to die from lung cancer than nonsmokers.
Many naturally occurring environmental exposures increase risk for cancer. Residents in many parts of North America are exposed to low levels of the radioactive gas ________ in their homes, particularly in homes with basements.
dioxin
PCB
nitrate
radon
radon
Which of the following infection-to-cancer type associations is NOT correct?
human papillomavirus (HPV) to cervical/penile cancer
hepatitis B to skin cancer
hepatitis C to liver cancer
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to multiple cancers
hepatitis B to skin cancer
The leading cause of cancer death is attributed to what type of cancer?
colon
breast
skin
lung
lung
The genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are associated with an increased risk for what type of cancer?
colon
breast
skin
brain
breast
Which of the following is NOT among the risk factors for breast cancer?
late onset of menopause
older age
late onset of menarche (menstruation)
family history of mother with breast cancer
late onset of menarche (menstruation)
Which of the following is NOT a strong risk factor for ovarian cancer?
family history
use of oral contraceptive pills
personal history of breast, colon, or endometrial cancer
use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy
use of oral contraceptive pills
Which cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in men and the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men (excluding skin cancer)?
lung cancer
prostate cancer
colon cancer
testicular cancer
prostate cancer
One of the main screening tests available for prostate cancer is the ________ test.
PSA
CBC
CA125
BRCA1
PSA

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