Q: Skills for Success–Reading & Writing, Unit 2

assimilate (v)
to adapt; to adopt the ways of another culture; to become part of a country or community rather than remaining in a separate group

confine (v)
to keep something within the limits of an activity, subject, or area; to restrict

divorced from (vp)
to remove or separate completely; appearing not to be affected by something; separate from

ethnicity (n)
racial, national, or cutural heritage; belonging to different ethnic groups

initiative (n)
a new plan for dealing with a particular problem or for achieving a goal; a beginning or an introductory step; the ability or wish to start something;

integral (adj)
necessary to complete something; essential

oblige (v)
to force someone to do something, sometimes by law

persist (v)
to continue to do something despite difficulties; to continue to exist

predominant (adj)
more powerful, more common, or more easily noticed than others

revival (n)
when something becomes popular again

suppress (v)
to slow or stop the growth, development, or normal functioning of (something); to prevent something from growing, developing, or continuing

target (v)
to choose or single out a particular person or place to do something to

cease (v)
to stop; discontinue; quit

strain (n)
a feeling of stress and worry

reassert (v)
to state or declare (something) more strongly or clearly; to state again that (something) is true

commit to (v)
to say that (someone or something) will definitely do something

resurgence (n)
a growth or increase that occurs after a period without growth or increase

cure (n)
a medical treatment or medicine for an illness

exploit (v)
to use something in order to gain as much from it as possible; to take advantage of (a person, situation, etc.), especially unethically or unjustly for one’s own ends

indigenous (adj)
native; belonging to a certain place or environment

retain (v)
keep; continue to have, hold, or use

in the face of
despite; when confronted with; when encountering

in jeopardy
in danger

abandon (v)
to leave someone or something, especially someone/something you are responsible for; to stop supporting or believing in something

substitute (v)
to replace; to use in place of

shift (n)
a change or move in position or direction

wake-up call (np)
a warning; an experience or event that shocks you and makes you realize that you must do something to change a situation

scenario (n)
a situation that could possibly happen; a description of how things might happen in the future

habitat (n)
the natural home of a plant or animal; a place where a particular type of animal or plant is normally found

extinction (n)
the condition when a particular type of animal or plant stops existing

disruption (n)
a situation in which something is prevented from continuing in its usual way; interruption; disorder

implicit (adj)
suggested or understood without being stated directly

erosion (n)
the process by which something is gradually reduced or destroyed

persistence (n)
determination to do something even though it is difficult or other people oppose it

inherited (adj)
received from an ancestor, often with problems that have to be dealt with