psychology test, chapter 8

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concluding her presentation on contemporary theories of why sleep is necessary. marilynn makes all of the following points except:
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slow wave sleep provides a phychic safety valve for stressful walking experiances
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sleepwalking is most likely to be associated with
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stage 4
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which of the following sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity
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sleep apnea
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alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long term memory by
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decreasing REM sleep
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the sleep cycle is approximately
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90 mins
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a recurring sleep stage during which most vivid dreams commonly occur is known as
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REM sleep
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chronic sleep deprivation is most likely to contribute to
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suppression of the immune system
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consciousness is defined in the text as
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our awareness of ourselves and our environment
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REM sleep is referred to as paradoxical sleep because
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the bodys muscle are very tense while the brain is in a nearly meditative state
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those who drank the nonalcoholic beverage participated in the —condition
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control
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levar believes that once the body has died, the mind also ceases to exist, evidently, levar is a
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monist
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understaning why the fear of the darkness may have contributed to the survival of our human ancestors is the most relevant to the ——- perspective
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evolutionary
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according to the freud, dreams are
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a symbloic fulfillment of erotic wishes
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psychoactive drugs effect behavior and perception through
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alterations of neural activity in the brain
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after the horror of 9/11, many people said the cia and fbi should have foreseen the likelihood of terrorism, this perception illistrates
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the hindsight bias
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LSD is most likely to produce
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hallucinations
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the social influence theory of hypnosis receives support from evidence that
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behaviors produced through hypnotic produces can also be produced without them
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the simultaneous processing of information on money parallel tracks is most closely associated with
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unconscious mental activity
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the distinction between manifest content and latent content is central to
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Freud’s wish fulfillment
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which theorists believe that the mind and the body are separate entities
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the dualists
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in an experiment , hypnotized subjects are told to scratch their ear if they hear the word psychology mentioned later. the fact that they do so only if they think the experiment is still under the most clearly supports the theory that hypnosis involved
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role playing
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ATM machines are more complex than VCR’s but are easier to operate thanks to the efforts of
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human factors psychologists
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dissociation has been used as an explanation for
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hypnotic pain relief
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bright light inhibits our feelings of sleepiness by influencing the production of
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melatonin
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circadian rhythms are the
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regular body cycles that occur on a 24 hour schedule
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nutrients and oxygen are transferred from a mother to her developing fetus through the
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placenta
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sleep apnea is a disorder involving
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the cessation of breathing during sleep
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to prevent the possibility that a placebo effect or researchers’ expectations will influence a study’s research, scientists employ
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the double blind procedure
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which of the following drugs is classified as a stimulant
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morphine
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the divided consciousness theory of hypnosis states that hypnosis involves
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dissociation
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a person who requires increasing amounts of a drug in order to feel its effect is said to have developed
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tolerance
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the activation synthesis theory provides a psychological explanation for
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dreaming
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which of the following statements regarding REM sleep is true
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REM sleep deprivation results in a REM rebound
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the discomfort and distress that follow the discontinued used of certain drugs is called
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withdrawl
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sensory experiences that occur without a sensory stimulus are called
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hallucinations
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nightmares are to —- as night terrors are to —-
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REM sleep, stage 4 sleep
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when our —– is disrupted, we experience jet lag
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circadian rhythm
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the experience of psychical pain following discontinued use of a psychoactive drug best illustrates
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sleep apnea
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as a child observes, liquid is transferred from a tall thin tube into a short wide jar. the child is asked if there is now less liquid in order to determine if she has masterd
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the concept of conservation
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freud called the remembered story line of a dream its —- content
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paradoxical
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court systems frequently ban testimony from witness who have been hypnotized because the procedure often encourages
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false memories
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the large, slow brain waves associated with stage 4 sleep are called
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delta waves
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the size of the pupil is controlled by the
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iris
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at 3 o’clock in the morning, john has already slept for 4 hours. as long as his sleep continues we can expect an increasing occurrence of
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REM sleep
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our inability to fall asleep early as we planned is most likely a reflection of
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the circadian rythmn
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one theory suggests that the brain activity associated with —– is helpful for developing and preserving neural pathways in the brain.
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dreaming
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just prior to awakening Chinua from a hypnotic state, the therapist told him that during the next few days he would feel nauseous whenever he reached for a cigarette. Chinua’s therapist was attempting to make use of
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posthypnotic suggestion
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after Carlos has been asleep for about an hour and a half, his heart began to beat faster and his breathing became fast and irregular, and his closed eyes began to dart back and fourth. Carlos was most likely experiencing
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REM sleep
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which of the following is classified as a depressant
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alcohol
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advocates of the social influence theory of hypnosis are likely to argue that
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hypnotized people are simply enacting the role of good hypnotic subjects

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