Psychology: Stress, Health, and Human Flourishing

the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors

an event or condition which we view as threatening, challenging or overwhelming

refers to deciding whether to view something as a stressor

stress reaction
any emotional and physical responses to the stressor such as rapid heartbeat, elevated cortisol levels

general adaptive syndrome (GAS)
Selye’s concept of the body’s adaptive response to stress in three phases-alarm, resistance, exhaustion

tend and befriend
under stress, people (especially women) often provide support to others (tend) and bond with and seek support from others (befriend)

stress hormone

health psychology
a subfield of psychology that provides psychology’s contribution to behavioral medicine

the study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health

emotional-focused coping
means reducing the emotional impact of stress by getting support, comfort and perspective from others

coronary heart disease
the clogging of vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries

Type A
term for competitive, hard driving, impatient, verbally aggressive and angry-prone people

Type B
term for easygoing, relaxed people

the idea that “releasing” aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges

alleviated stress directly- by changing the stressor or the way we interact with the stressor

internal locus of control
we feel that we are in charge of ourselves and our circumstances

external locus of control
we picture that a force outside of ourselves controls our fate

attribute their poor performance to basic lack of ability or to situations enduringly beyond their control

expect to have more control, to cope better with stressful events, and to enjoy better health

aerobic exercise
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety

positive psychology
the scientific study of optimal human functioning; aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to flourish

subjective well-being
self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life

adaptation-level phenomenon
our tendency to form judgements relative to neutral level defined by our prior experience