Psychology Chap 7 States of Consciousness Multiple Choice

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consciousness includes these
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ALL OF THE ABOVE daydreaming, sleeping, and hypnosis
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tends to daydream most
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young adults
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circadian rhythm
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when this is disrupted, we experience jet lag
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Stage 2 of Sleep
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Sleep spindles predominate during this sleep stage
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REM Sleep stage
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the body experiences increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and genital arousal occurs in this sleep stage
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the length of the sleep cycle
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90 minutes
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effects of chronic sleep deprivation
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ALL OF THE ABOVE suppression of the immune system, altered metabolic and hormonal functioning impaired creativity increased accident proneness
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one effect of sleeping pills
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decrease of REM sleep
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blocking the reuptake of dopamine in brain cells
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Cocaine and crack produce a euphoric rush by…
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classified as a depressant
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alcohol
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Mesmer
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modern discovery of hypnosis
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true about hypnosis
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hypnosis is NOT associated with a distinct physiological state
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information-processing
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people who heard unusual phrases prior to sleep were awakened each time they began REM sleep. The fact that they remembered less the next morning provides support for this theory of dreaming
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according to Freud, dreams are this…
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a symbolic fulfillment of erotic wishes
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psychoactive drugs affect behavior and perception through though this
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alteration of neural activity in the brain
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NOT a common misconception about addiction
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biological factors place some individuals at increased risk for addiction
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consciousness
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at its beginning, psychology focused on the study of this
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NOT mentioned as a theory of dreaming
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dreaming is an attempt to escape from social stimulation
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25 hours in duration
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the sleep-waking cycles of young people who stay up too late typically last this long
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black males
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the lowest rates of drug use among high school seniors is reported by…
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True of REM sleep
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REM sleep deprivation results in a REM rebound
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the dualists
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these theorists believe that the mind and the body are separate entities
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alcohol has the most profound effect on this
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the transfer of experiences to long-term memory
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EEG shows a high proportion of alpha waves
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awake and relaxed
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circadian rhythms
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regular body cycles that occur on a 24 hour schedule
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tolerance
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a person who requires increasing amounts of a drug in order to feel its effect is said to have developed this
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NOT an example of biological rhythm
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sudden sleep attacks during the day
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characteristic of REM sleep
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genital arousal occurs is characteristic of this sleep stage
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alcohol
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NOT a stimulus
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hypnotic responsiveness
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greater when people are led to expect it
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hilgard
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he said that hypnosis is a dissociation between different levels of consciousness
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NOT evidence that heredity influences alcohol use
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children whose parents abuse alcohol have a lower tolerance for multiple alcoholic drinks
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as a form of relieving problems such as warts, hypnosis is…
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no more effective than positive suggestion-giving without hypnosis
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peer influence
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usually the most powerful determinant of thither teenagers begin using drugs
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THC is the major active ingredient in this
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marijuana
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merely acting out a role
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those who believe that hypnosis is a social phenomenon argue that ‘hypnotized\” individuals are…
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\”consciousness\” defined
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our awareness of ourselves and our environment
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MDMA
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synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen that produces euphoria and social intimacy by triggering the release of dopamine and serotonin
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activation-synthesis theory
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dreaming represents the brain’s efforts to integrate unrelated bursts of activity in brain areas that process visual images with emotional tone provided by activity in the limbic system
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how a particular psychoactive drug affects a person depends upon this
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ALL OF THE ABOVE the dosage and form in which the drug is taken the user’s expectations and personality the situation in which the drug is taken
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narcolepsy
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a person who falls asleep in the midst of a heated argument probably suffers from this
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\”scare tactics\” that frighten prepubescent children into avoiding drug experimentation
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NOT suggested as an important aspect of drug prevention and treatment programs
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REM sleep = paradoxical sleep because
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the body’s muscles remain relaxes while the brain and eyes are active
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most hypnotically retrieved memories are either false or contaminated
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an attorney wants to know if the details and accuracy of an eyewitness’s memory for a crime would improve under hypnosis. Given the results of relevant research, you tell the attorney…
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male has recently begun using an addictive, euphoria-producing drug. which will occur if he repeatedly uses the drug?
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B AND C the dosage needed to produce the desired effect will increase after each use, he will become more and more depressed
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in REM Sleep
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although her eyes are closed, her brain is generating bursts of electrical activity. what is occurring?
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concluding he’s presentation on levels of information processing, he states that
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conscious processing is serial, while subconscious processing is parallel
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He is moderately intoxicated by alcohol. Which behavior changes are likely to occur?
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ALL OV THE ABOVE if angered, he is more likely to become aggressive than when he is sober he will be less self-conscious about his behavior if sexually aroused, he will be less inhibited about engaging in sexual activity the next day he may be unable to remember what happened while he was drinking
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latent content of her dream
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she dreams her boyfriend pushes her in front of an oncoming car. her psychoanalyst suggests that the dream might symbolize her fear that her boyfriend is rushing her into sexual activity prematurely. the analyst is evidently attempting to interpret this
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there will be an INCREASE in his REM sleep
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he has just spent four nights as a subject in a sleep study in which he was awakened each time he entered REM sleep. Now that the experiment is over, he can expect to have this…
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who is likely to be the most hypnotically suggestible?
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actress with a rich imagination
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NOT true about alcoholism
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adopted individuals are more susceptible to alcoholism if they had an adoptive parent with alcoholism
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research studies of the effectiveness of hypnosis as a form of therapy have demonstrated…
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ALL THE ABOVE for problems of self-control, such as smoking, hypnosis is equally effective with subjects who can be deeply hypnotized and those who cannot posthypnotic suggestions have helped alleviate headaches, asthma, warts, and stress-related skin disorders positive suggestions given without hypnosis are often as effective as hypnosis as a form of therapy
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is in REM sleep
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PET scan of a sleeping person’s brain reveals increased activity in the visual and auditory areas. this most likely indicates that the sleeper is in this state
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monist
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Levar believes that once the body has died, the mind also ceases to exist. Levar is a…
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NOT true of marijuana
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the by-products of marijuana are cleared from the body more quickly than are the by-products of alcohol
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true of near-death experiences
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they typically consist of fantastic, mystical imagery
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those who consider hypnosis a social phenomenon contend this
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if a hypnotist eliminates the motivation for acting, hypnotized subjects become unresponsive
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NOT true concerning the roots of drug use
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it is nearly impossible to predict whether or not a particular adolescent will experiment with drugs
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true statement concerning daydreaming
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most daydreaming involves the familiar details of our everyday lives

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