Psychology Test

Flashcard maker : Killian Parsons

The axons of certain neurons are covered by a layer of fatty tissue that helps speed neural transmission. This tissue is

A. The glia

B. The myelin sheath

C. Acetylcholine

D. An endorphin

B. The myelin sheath

Heartbeat, digestion, and other self-regulating bodily functions are governed by the:

A. Voluntary nervous system

B. Autonomic nervous system

C. sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system

D. Somatic nervous system

E. Central nervous system

B. Autonomic nervous system

A strong stimulus can increase the:

A. Speed of the impulse the neuron fires

B. Intensity of the impulse the neuron fires

C. The number of times the neuron fires

D. Threshold that must be reached before the neuron fires

C. The number of times the neuron fires

The pain of heroin withdrawal maybe attributable to the fact that:

A. under the influence of heroine the brain ceases production of endorphins

B. under the influence of heroin the brain ceases production of all neurotransmitters

C. During heroine withdrawal the brains production of all neurotransmitters is greatly increased

D. Heroine destroys endorphin receptors in the brain

A. Under the influence of heroin the brain ceases production of endorphins

5. The brain research techniques that involves monitoring the brains usage of glucose is called (in abbreviation form) the:

A. PET scan

B. CT scan

C. EEG

D. MRI

A. PET scan

In a resting state, the axon is:

A. Depolarized, with mostly negatively charged ions outside and positively charged ions inside

B. Depolarized, with mostly positive charge ions outside and negatively charged ions inside

C. Polarized, with mostly negatively charged ions outside and positively charged ions inside

D. Polarized, with mostly positively charged ions outside and negatively charged ions inside

D. Polarized, with mostly positively charged ions outside and negatively charged ions inside

Though there is no single “control center” for emotions, the regulation is primarily attribute to the brain region known as the

A. Limbic system

B. Reticular formation

C. Brainstem

D. Cerebral cortex

A. Limbic system

Which is the correct sequence in the transmission of simple reflex

A. Sensory neuron -> interneuron -> sensory neuron

B. Interneuron -> Motor neuron -> sensory neuron

C. Sensory neuron -> interneuron -> Motor neuron

D. Interneuron -> sensory neuron -> Motor neuron

C. Sensory neuron -> interneuron -> Motor neuron

Damage too _____ will usually cause a person to lose the ability to comprehend language

A. The angular gyrus

B. Broca’s area

C. Wernicke’s area

D. Frontal lobe association area

C. Wernicke’s area

Which of the following is typically controlled by the right hemisphere?

A. Language

B. Learned voluntary movements

C. Arithmetic reasoning

D. Perceptual task

D. Perceptual task
Dr. Hernandez is studying neurotransmitter of normalities in depressed patients. She would most likely just kind of self as
aA. PsychiatristB. Clinical psychologist

C. Pshycoanalyst

D. Biological psychologist

D. Biological psychologist

The increasing complexity of animals behavior is accompanied by an:

A. increasing the size of the brain stem

B. Decrease in the ratio of brain to
Body weight

C. Increase in the size of the frontal lobe

D. Increase in the amount of association area

D. Increase in the amount of the association area

Voluntary movements, such as writing with a pencil, or directed by the:

A sympathetic nervous system

B. Somatic nervous system

C. Parasympathetic nervous system

D. Autonomic nervous system

B. Sympathetic nervous system

A neuron will generate action potentials more often when it:

A. remains below the threshold

B. Receives an excitatory input

C. Receives more excitatory than inhibitory input

D. Is stimulated by Neurotransmitter

E. Is stimulated by a hormone

A. Remains below it’s threshold

Which is the correct sequence in the transmission of neural impulse?

A. Axon -> dendrite -> cell body -> synapse

B. Dendrite -> axons -> cell body -> synapse

C. Synapse -> axons -> dendrites cell body

D. Axons -> synapse -> cell body -> dendrite

E. Dendrite -> cell body -> axon -> synapse

E. Dendrite -> cell body -> axon -> synapse

Chemical messengers produced by endocrine glands are called

A. Agonists.

B. Neurotransmitters

C.Hormones.

D. Enzymes.

B. Neurotransmitters

Following a head injury, a person has ongoing difficulty staying awake. Most likely, the damage occurred to the

A. thalamus

B. Corpus callosum

C. Reticular formation

D. Cerebellum

C. Reticular formation

(Thinking critically) based on the research, which of the following seems true about the specialized functions of the right and left hemisphere

A. they are more clear-cut in men than in women

B. They are more clear-cut in women than in men

C. Most complex task emerge from the activity of one or more other hemispheres

D. Most complex activities emerge from the integrated activity of both

D. Most complex activities emerge from the integrated activity of both

Cortical areas that are not primarily concerned with sensory, motor, or language functions are:

A. Called projection areas

B. Called association areas

C. Located mostly in the parietal lobe

D. Located mostly in the Temporel lobe

D. Located mostly in the temporal lobe

In the brain, learning occurs as an experience strengthened certain connections and cell work groups called

A. Action potential

B. Neural networks

C. Endocrine systems

D. Dendrites

E. Synaptic gaps

C. Endocrine system
Amplified recording of brain waves
EEG
Technique that uses radio waves and magnetic fields to image the brain
MRI
Serves a sensory switchboard
Thalamus
Contains reward center
Hypothalamus
Tissue destruction
Lesion
Hey technique that uses x-rays to image the brain
CT scan
Helps control arousal
Reticular formation
Links the cerebral hemisphere
Corpus callosum
Influences raging fear
Amygdala
Regulates breathing in a heartbeat
Medulla
Enables coordinated movement
Cerebellum
Controls speech production
Broca’s area
Specializes in rationalizing reactions
Left hemisphere
Translates writing into speech
Angular gurus
Brain cells that provide nutrients and insulating myelin
Glial cells
Language disorder
Aphasia
Oldest part of the brain
Brainstem
Regulates emotion
Limbic system
The brains capacity of modification
Plasticity
Responsible for language comprehension
Wernicke’s area
Brain areas involved in higher mental functions
Association area

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