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Psych Ch. 8 quiz

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Cross-sequential design
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In a ________ design, one group of people is followed and assessed at different times as the group ages.
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Each of her parents much have one recessive blond hair gene
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Brandy has naturally blond hair. Based on this information what do we know about Brandy’s parents?
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Cohert effect
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The cognitive and social changes students go through because they are born and grow up in an age of smartphones would be referred to as a(n)
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Polygenic inheritance
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When sets of genes group together, the result can be multiple traits expressed as a single dominant trait. This is best explained by the process known as:
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Cystic fibrosis
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Which of the following is a disorder resulting from recessive inheritance? Turner’s syndrome Klinefelter’s syndrome Cystitis fibrosis Down syndrome
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Turner’s syndrome
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Which disorder is characterized by having only one X chromosome in the 23rd pairing? Tay-Sachs Turner’s syndrome Klinefelter’s syndrome PKU
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Germinal period
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The first 2 weeks of pregnancy are called the ________ period.
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Developing organs can be affected by toxins passing through the placenta
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Which of the following does not happen in the germinal period? Diving mass of cells travels to the uterus Developing organs can be affected by toxins passing through the placenta Mass of cells form a hollow ball Cells begin to differentiate
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Embryonic
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The period of pregnancy that contains the clearest examples of critical periods is the _______ period.
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Mercury
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Intellectual disability and blindness are possible outcomes of the effects of ________ on the developing baby.
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Habituation
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One way researchers study newborn development involves measuring how long infants continue to focus upon no changing stimulus. This technique is referred to as:
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Concrete operations
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In which of Piaget’s stages would a child be who has just developed the ability to conserve?
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Scaffolding
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Vygotsky defines _______ as the process of helping less as the learner improves at a given task.
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Ambivalent
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What kind of attachment, according to Ainsworth, is shown by a baby who clings to his or her mother, gets upset when the mother leaves, and demands to be picked up but at the same time kicks her and pushes her away?
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Physical contact
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Studies by Harry Harlow showed that the most important element to developing attachment is:
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Autonomy versus shame and doubt
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According tho Erickson, which stage results in a sense of independence because of one’s ability to control their own actions?
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Secondary sex characteristic
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A change in the body of young boys such as appearance and growth of body hair is considered:
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A personal fable
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\”It can’t happen to me. I’m special.\” Is a common attitude found in adolescents who have developed:
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Postconventional morality
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According to Kholberg, about one-fifth of the adult population is at the ________ level of morality.
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Find a consistent sense of self
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According to Erickson, the task of the adolescent is to:
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His taste in clothes
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If Collin is going to argue and disagree with his parents, which of the following topics will he typically be arguing over?
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The aging process
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As Conrad has gotten older, he finds that it is becoming more difficult to remember certain words or the name of a new acquaintance. What is the most likely explanation for this change in memory?
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Finding a mate
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According the Erickson, the primary task of early adulthood is:
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Authoritarian parenting
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According to Baumrind, which type of parent would most likely say \”Because I said so\” or \”It’s my way or the highway!\”?
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Cellular-clock theory
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Which theory of aging is compared to the limited number of repairs you can have before your car’s warranty runs out?
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They are not asked to take part
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According to research, the reason many older people are no longer involved in their community is because:
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Denial
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What stage might terminally ill patients be in if they refuse to write a last will and testament because they believe that is doing so, they are admitting they will die?
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Cohort effect
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The thinking and attitude of many who survived the Depression of the 1930s changed them for the rest of their lives. This would be an example of a :
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Recessive
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If a person has one gene influencing blue eyes but actually has brown eyes, blue eyes must be a ________ trait.
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Klinefelter’s
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In ___________ syndrome, the 23rd pair of chromosomes consists of an XXY pairing, resulting in reduced masculine characteristics and excessive height.
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One egg is fertilized by one sperm and then splits
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Which of the following represents the fertilization process for monozygotic twins?
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Stem cells
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What part on an infant’s body is said to stay in an immature state until needed to produce more cells?
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Between 22 and 26 weeks
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Based on today’s science and medicine, when does the age of viability begin?
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Preferential looking
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Dr. Khan measures how long baby Lydia looks at a particular stimulus?
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2 months
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At what age can the typical infant roll over?
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Unused synaptic connections and nerve cells are cleared out to make way for new cells
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Studies of the infant brain show signs of what scientists call synaptic pruning. What occurs during this process?
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Preoperational
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In which of Piaget’s stages does the child become capable of understanding conversation?
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Formal operations
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In which of Piaget’s stages does the child become capable of abstract reasoning?
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Easy
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Which infant temperament is associated with babies who are very regular in their schedules of sleeping and eating.
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Secure
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In the Strange Situation, _________ babies would cry when their mother left the room but were happy upon their return.
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Such behavior is due to the tremendous pressure applied by peers.
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What is a most likely explanation as to why teenagers and young adults may engage in risky and dangerous behavior?
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The imaginary audience
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Samantha enters the classroom where 2 students are talking. When they stop their discussion, Samantha is certain they must have been talking about her. Such a belief is an example of:
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Changes in memory begin to occur
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What cognitive changes in middle adulthood are the most noticeable?
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Authoritative
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Independence and self-reliance in the teenage years are most likely due to _________ parenting.
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Integrity versus despair
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The crisis of late adulthood, according to Erickson, is:
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Free-radical theory
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Which theory of aging states that unstable oxygen molecules tend to steal electrons as they bounce around, thus causing damage to the surrounding cells?
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Anger is a normal reaction to death and not a sign of mental illness.
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Kip is worried that he is losing his mind because he finds himself angry at a friend who died in an automobile accident. Based on Kubler-Ross’s research, what might you tell him?