Psych ch. 4

question

which emotion is apparent at birth
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distress; contentment
question

usually, stranger wariness is first noticeable at
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12 months
question

based on research, attachment is when a child
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has an affectional tie
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a sign of secure attachment is when a child feels
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comfortable and confident
question

harry’s mother left for a few minutes. When she came back harry climbed into her lap and resumed playing. harry is probably a ________ attachment child
answer

insecure-resistant/ambivalent
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Infants with depressed mothers are ________ staying with their mothers than being sent to other caregivers.
answer

still better off
question

______ & ______ attachment behaviors have been crucial to the survival of the species.
answer

Proximity-seeking/contact-maintaining
question

Recent research has indicated that once an infant has become securely attached to an adult:
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it predicts academic success and emotional stability
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A baby searches the faces of her parents to see how to respond in unfamiliar situations, this is called
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social referencing
question

According to traditional behaviorism, personality is molded as parents:
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reinforce or punish a child
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social learning takes place by
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observing others
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Developmentalists have found that social learning takes place:
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throughout life
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nurturing parents who hold their child often are exhibiting
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proximal parenting
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self recognition usually emerges at about
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18 mo
question

world wide only about 15% of infants receive daily care from:
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a non relative who is paid and trained to provide it
question

in the US 20% of infants are cared for ___________ throughout their first year
answer

exclusively by their mothers
question

Essential characteristics of high quality day care are
answer

adequate attention encouragement of language sensorimotor development attention to health and safety professional caregivers warm and responsive caregivers
question

mothers who work full time outside the home play with their children ____ as mothers who stay at home play with their children
answer

almost as much as
question

in home day care is ______ to out of home day care
answer

always preferable

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