PSYC CH. 6 Quiz

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Which of the following is necessary for a diagnosis of panic disorder ?
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uncued panic attacks.
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What disorder does GAD appear to be most related to ?
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major depression.
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The individual with generalized social phobia
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exhibits a fear of most social situations.
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Which of the following is NOT one of the benefits that those with GAD commonly believe they derive from worrying?
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If I worry about it now, I won’t be as upset when it happens.
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Which of the following is one of the five primary types of anxiety dosorders recognized in the DSM-5?
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agoraphobia
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Amber feels anxious almost all the time. She finds herself worrying that her husband will leave her (although he has never shown any indication that he would), that she chose the wrong job, that her children might not be safe at their school, and that she might get sick and leave her family in financial ruin. She calls her husband almost everyday to find out when he will be home. She complains to her physician that she is always tired but cannot sleep or relax. Amber’s most likely diagnosis is
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generalized anxiety disorder.
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Which of the following is likely to maintain or strengthen conditioned fears over time?
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overestimating the likelihood that the event will reoccur
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Research using panic provocation agents has revealed
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that there are probably multiple biological explanations for panic disorder.
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Which of the following statements is correct in regard to the role of cognitions in panic?
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Panic clients are more likely to interpret bodily sensations as catastrophic events.
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Which of the following would be an example of anxiety?
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Hilda dreaded walking home alone.
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Cognitive approaches to social phobia focus on
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challenging automatic thoughts.
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Quentin is seeking medication to treat his panic disorder. Due to Quentin’s history of substance abuse, his doctor hesitates. After some consideration, the doctor is most likely to write Quentin a prescription for a ________, confident that abuse won’t be an issue.
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SSRI
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Mowrer’s two-process theory of avoidance learning provides a theoretical rationale for an effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder. What is this treatment?
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exposure therapy with response prevention
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Tara believes that it is extremely important to be clean. She cleans her kitchen and bathroom daily and the rest of the house at least once every few days. She uses antibacterial soap and sterile water to clean. She says she wants people to be able to eat off her floors. Tara is very proud of her house and the way she keeps it. She
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has no disorder.
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Social phobia
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involves a fear of one or more specific social situations.
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Mark feels the need to tap everything within his arms reach twice. He doesn’t have any particular thoughts associated with this, he just becomes anxious if he doesn’t do it, because \”something bad might happen.\” Mark
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has obsessive compulsive disorder.
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Which of the following provides a unique challenge when trying to eliminate the obsessions seen in OCD?
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Attempting to not think about something may lead to thinking about it more.
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Dagmar is a musician and she loves the fact that she constantly hears new melodies in her head. In fact, she cannot remember a time when she did not hear music. Why is this NOT an example of an obsession?
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Obsessions must be intrusive thoughts the person finds disturbing.
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When Kenneth was a young boy he went to a dentist who treated him uncaringly and inflicted a good deal of pain. Even years later, he has an uncontrollable and intense fear of not only dentists but physicians, too. This best illustrates how phobias might be the result of
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generalization in classical conditioning.
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Which of the following is a typical symptom of panic attacks?
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Fear of dying
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Which of the following phobias is a 10-year-old boy most likely to suffer from?
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animal phobia
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Harold’s panic attacks have become so severe that he has finally sought treatment. He sees a psychiatrist who writes Harold a prescription that should offer him some immediate relief. Which of the following drugs is Harold most likely to have been prescribed?
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SSRIs
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Which of the following is unique about OCD, as compared to other anxiety disorders?
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The incidence is about equal for men and women.
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What has research on the preparedness theory of phobias found?
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Acquired fear responses can be elicited with subliminal exposure to fear-relevant stimuli.
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Which of the following is true of obsessive-compulsive disorder?
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This disorder tends to begin in adolescence or early adulthood, but is not uncommon in children.
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What of the following are among the most common obsessive thoughts in people with OCD?
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Fear of contamination and fear of harming others.
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Which of the following is true of obsessive-compulsive disorder?
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This disorder tends to begin in adolescence or early adulthood, but is not uncommon in children.
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Behaviorally inhibited young children are more likely to develop specific phobias. This is an example of a __________ causual factor.
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biological
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Catastrophizing,fear of standing in line, and fear of crowded places are characteristic of which of the following?
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agoraphobia
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Lauren is phobic of birds. Her therapist shows her how to approach a bird in a cage. The therapist then takes the bird out,pets it and feeds it. She then encourages Lauren to do the same behaviors. This type of procedure is called
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participant modeling
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Which of the following statements is correct in regard to the role of cognitions in panic?
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Panic clients are more likely to interpret bodily sensations as catastrophic events.
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The main to tell someone is having an uncued panic attack rather than is in a state of fear is
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if he or she has a subjective belief that something awful is about to happen.
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An evolutionary psychologist might say, \”the unique physiological response in this disorder,involving fainting at the sight of the feared object, may have evolved because fainting might inhibit further attack from a predator.\” What disorder is being discussed?
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blood-injection-injury phobia
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Approximately____to _____of people with severe agoraphobia are women.
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80,90
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Why do people with phobias continue to avoid the thing they fear?
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Avoidance is reinforced by anxiety reduction.
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The cognitive model does not account for
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nocturnal panic attacks.
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Individuals who suffer from phobias
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have a disproportionate fear of some specific object.
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Most individuals diagnosed with social phobia
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Can identify the origin of their social phobia
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The fact that dirt and contamination ware threats to our ancestors suggests
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that preparedness theory may help explain obsessive-compulsive disorder.
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One of the main problems with the worry in generalized anxiety disorders is
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it is form of avoidance and prevents extinction.
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From an evolutionary perspective, what concept explains the easy acquisition of a fear of spiders or snakes ?
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prepared learning

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