PSYC 2301 Chapter 15

question

Bilateral anterior cingulotomy has been performed in cases of ________ that have not responded to other therapy techniques. antisocial personality disorder major depression schizophrenia panic disorder
answer

major depression
question

Why does the administration of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) often cause memory loss? It disrupts the process of consolidation. It increases the speed of information processing. It destroys the brain areas responsible for memory storage. It causes a release of stress hormones that initiate a process of repression.
answer

It disrupts the process of consolidation.
question

For which disorder was electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) originally developed as a treatment? panic schizophrenia bipolar disorder cyclothymia
answer

schizophrenia
question

The kind of therapy that uses biological treatments such as medication, surgical methods, and electrical shock treatments to bring about changes in the person’s disordered behavior is called __________________. psychotherapy biomedical therapy physical therapy electroconvulsive shock therapy
answer

biomedical therapy
question

Therapeutic approaches that are based on the belief that all normal and abnormal behavior is learned are ______ therapies. traditional psychodynamic behavior short-term psychodynamic cognitive
answer

behavior
question

Carl Rogers’s person-centered approach is considered ________ because the client actually does all the real work, with the therapist merely acting as a sounding board. directive nondirective behavioral cognitive
answer

nondirective
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Which type of therapy is based on various learning principles? behavior cognitive-behavior psychoanalysis person-centered
answer

behavior
question

Eye-movement desensitization reprocessing is primarily used for treatment of __________. schizophrenia post-traumatic stress disorder depression bipolar disorder
answer

post-traumatic stress disorder
question

A treatment for severe depression in which an electric shock is delivered to the patient, resulting in a seizure of the body and the release of a flood of neurotransmitters in the brain, is called ____________. prefrontal lobotomy electroconvulsive therapy trephining relaxation training and meditation
answer

electroconvulsive therapy
question

Which of the following techniques would be most appropriate for treating overeating or smoking? flooding systematic desensitization aversion therapy token economy
answer

aversion therapy
question

Psychoanalysis was a therapy technique designed by ______. Alfred Adler Carl Rogers Fritz Perls Sigmund Freud
answer

Sigmund Freud
question

Studies on the effectiveness of psychotherapy have found that ________. cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy is the most effective treatment for every problem all psychotherapies can be used to treat any problem Gestalt psychotherapy is the most effective treatment for any problem no one psychotherapy worked for every type of problem
answer

no one psychotherapy worked for every type of problem
question

Which of the following does humanistic therapy emphasize? the unconscious personal choice errant thought processes the empty-chair technique
answer

personal choice
question

Therapy that depends on identifying and changing distorted thinking and unrealistic beliefs is ______ therapy. cognitive psychoanalytic behavior person-centered
answer

cognitive
question

Some drugs that combat depression work by ____________. increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain blocking dopamine receptors in the brain inhibiting the function of the medulla and the pons increasing the amount of acetylcholine in the brain
answer

increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain
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Which of the following is a barrier to effective therapy when the cultural backgrounds of the client and therapist are different? language gender age clothing
answer

language
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_________ strengthens a response by following it with a pleasurable consequence. Positive reinforcement Punishment Negative reinforcement Extinction
answer

Positive reinforcement
question

A group composed of people who have similar problems and who meet together without a therapist or counselor for the purpose of discussion, problem solving, and social and emotional support is called ______. family therapy individual therapy a self-help group a systematic desensitization group
answer

a self-help group
question

Juan is so afraid of germs that he wears gloves when opening doors. He is encouraged by his therapist to imitate a person in a video who demonstrates opening a door, step-by-step, without wearing gloves. Which technique is his therapist using? systematic desensitization token economy participant modeling extinction
answer

participant modeling
question

According to Carl Rogers, the __________ is how people see their actual traits and abilities. ideal self real self ego id
answer

real self
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The psychoanalytic patient who lets her thoughts flow without interruption or fear of negative criticism from her therapist is using ______. dream interpretation positive transference regression free association
answer

free association
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The first truly organized effort to house mentally ill persons began in England in the 16th century and took place at _________________. the Bicetre Asylum Bethlehem Hospital the Pinel Asylum London General Hospital
answer

Bethlehem Hospital
question

The kind of therapy that involves talking things out with a professional is called __________________. psychotherapy biomedical therapy physical therapy electroconvulsive shock therapy
answer

psychotherapy
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A therapist is interested in helping her client get a clearer understanding of his motives and actions. This therapist is most likely to be a(n) ____________. action therapist insight therapist biomedical therapist relationship therapist
answer

insight therapist
question

According to Carl Rogers, the __________ is how people think they should be. ideal self real self ego id
answer

ideal self

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