PSY Test 2

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According to Piaget, imaging an action and mentally reversing it would be an example of
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mental operation
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There is very little relationship between the age of an adult and his or her
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level of life satisfaction
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Developmental psychologists study physical, cognitive, and ______ change throughout the human life span
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Social
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Aerobic exercise programs during late adult hood stimulate improvement in
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memory
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One year old Eunice is not overly fearful of strangers but she clearly prefers being held by her mother than anyone else, this is called what
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Secure attatchment
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Professor Parker suggested that heterosexual adults are genetically predisposed to form monogamous bonds because this practice facilitated the cooperative nurture and survival of children. The Professor Suggestion best illustrates a ______ perspective
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Evolutionary
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Adolescence extends from
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the beginning of sexual maturity to independent adulthood
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Your understanding and awareness of who you are is your
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self concept
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Physical abilities such as muscular strength, reaction time, sensory keenness, and cardiac output reach their peak during
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Early adulthood
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Psychologist Jonathan Haidt has described our moral intuitions as
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Quick gut feelings
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The ability to think logically about hypothetical situations is indicative of the _____ stage of development
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Formal operation
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One of the three major concerns of development psychology involves focus on
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continuity and stages
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Alzheimers disease involves a deterioration of neurons that produce
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acetylcholine
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Many researchers believe that adult styles of romantic love correspond with childhood patterns of
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attatchment
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According to Vygotsky, parents who say no when pulling a childs hand away from a cake are given the child a tool for
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self control
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Our earliest conscious memories seldom predate our third birthday. This best illustrates
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Infantile Amnesia
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In teen calls to hotline counseling services, the most discussed topic is
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peer relationships
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A preference for out mothers voice over our fathers voice has been detected as early as
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The day of birth
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The pupil is
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The adjustable opening in the center of the eye
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Hubel and Weisel identified_____ that respond to specific aspects of visual stimulation
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Feature Detectors
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Bottom up processing involves analysis that begins with the
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sensory receptors
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If two objects are assumed to be the same size, the object that cast the smaller retinal image is perceived to be
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more distant
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The ability to see objects in three dimensions is most essential for making judgement of
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Distance
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For burn victims, a computer generated virtual reality can help control pain by means of
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Thought distraction
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The Phi Phenomenon refers to
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The perception of movement created by the successive blinking
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Place theory suggests that
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The pitch we hear is related to the place where the chocleas basilar membrane is stimulated
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Receptor cells for our senses of_____reproduce themselves every week or two
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Taste
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The classics gate control theory suggest that pain is experienced when small nerve fibers activate and open a neural gate in the
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Spinal Cord
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During a hearing test, many sounds were presented at such a low level of intensity that Mr. Antall could hardly detect them. These sounds were below Mr. Antalls
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Absolute Threshold
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Objects are brought into focus on the retina by changes in the curve and thickness of the
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Lens
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The principle that two stimuli must differ by a constant minimum proportion to their difference to be perceives is known as
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Weber’s Law
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A clouding of the lens of the eye is called a
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Cataracts
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A concept that helps us interpret ambiguous sensations is called a
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Schema
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The bones of the middle ear relay vibrations received from the
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Eardrum
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Which of the following represents stimulus energies by the nervous system is called
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Sensation
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Which of the following senses is best described as a chemical sense
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Smell
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The ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field is called
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Perceptual Adaptation
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Psychologists define learning as the process of
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Acquiring new information or relatively enduring behaviors
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A partial schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses is a ____ Schedule
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Variable Ratio
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The acquisition of mental information by observing events, watching others nor through language is called
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Cognitive Learing
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A dog salivates to the sound of a tone because the tone has regularly been associated with the delivery of food. In this case, the tone is called a
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Conditioned Stimulus
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Resistance to extinction is most strongly encouraged by_____Reinforcement
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Intermittent
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Alex learned to babysit and care for young children effectively by observing the many ways his mother carefully nurtured his own younger siblings. This best illustrates the value of observational learning for promoting
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Pro Social Behavior
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Mirror neurons are believed by some scientists to provide a biological basis for
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Observational Learning
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In classical Conditioning, generalization refers to the tendency for the conditioned response to be evoked by stimuli that are similar to the
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Conditioned stimulus
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Your heart may race when you are confronted by a lion but not when you are approached by a kitten. This best illustrates the adaptive value of
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Discrimination
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Without conscious reflection, people often yawn when they observe others yawning. Researchers are now considering whether this can be attributed to
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Mirror Neuron Activity
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In Pavlovs experiments on the salivary conditioning of dogs, the US was
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the presentation of food
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Correlation studies show that prolonged viewing of televised violence____increased rates of violent behavior
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Predicts
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Voluntary behaviors that produce rewarding or punishing consequences are called
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Operant behaviors
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In a well known experiment, preschool children pounded and kicked a large inflated bobo doll that an adult had just beaten on. This experiment served to illustrate the importance of
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Observational Learning
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Jordan is frightened by the sound of a train whistle. The sound is a
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Stimulus
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Administering an adverse stimulus following an operant response is
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Positive punishment
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Primary reinforcers could best be described as
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Innately satisfying Stimuli
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The desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment of
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Cognitive processes
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Echoic memory refers to
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A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli
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by consciously rehearsing facts you need to learn in many separate study sessions occuring throughout the semester, you are most clearly taking
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The spacing effect
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Forming many occasions between new course material and what you already know is an effective way to build a network of
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Retrieval Cues
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The Tenancy to recall the first and last terms in a list better than the middle terms is known as the ____ effect
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serial position
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Associating carrots with a mental image of a bun, milk with a mental image of a shoe, and paper towels with a mental image of a tree best illustrates
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The peg word system
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The retention of encoded information over time refers to
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Storage
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Dating partners who fall in love tend to______ how much they liked each other when they first met
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Overestimate
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Dating partners who break up tend to______ how much they liked each other when they first met
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Underestimate
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Elevated levels of stress hormones most clearly contribute to developing
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Flashbulb memories
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Which type of memory has an essentially limitless capacity
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Long term memory
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Which neural center is the limbic system helps process explicit memories for storage
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Hippocampus
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Words, images and other bits of information used to access a stored memory is called
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Retrieval Cues
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Which measure of memory is used on a test that requires matching glossary terms with their correct defintions
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Recognition
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Judy is embarrassed because she momentarily fails to remember a good friends name. Judy’s poor memory lost likely results from failure in
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Retrieval
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Explicit memory is also know as
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Declarative memory

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