Psy 150 chapter 11 part 2

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Ashley is nine years old, and she seems to bring home a different friend from school every day. As she expands her social contacts beyond her immediate family, Ashley is showing behavior that is typical during Freud’s
A. latency stage of psychosexual development.
B. genital stage of psychosexual development.
C. phallic stage of psychosexual development.
D. preconscious stage of psychosexual development.
A. latency stage of psychosexual development.
Tom and his friends exercise daily and never smoke or consume alcohol. It is likely that Tom and his friends are above average in
A. neuroticism.
B. agreeableness.
C. conscientiousness.
D. openness to experience.
C. conscientiousness.
Research on the heritability of personality shows that ____ appears to have a surprisingly small impact on personality.
A. shared family environment
B. heredity
C. unique experiences
D. unconscious motivation
A. shared family environment
The self or self-concept is the central focus of
A. Roger’s person-centered theory.
B. Maslow’s theory of self-actualization.
C. Adler’s individual psychology.
D. Bandura’s social-cognitive theory.
A. Roger’s person-centered theory.
Observational learning and self-efficacy are associated with
A. Roger’s person-centered theory.
B. Bandura’s social-cognitive theory.
C. Jung’s analytical theory.
D. Mischel’s person-situation approach.
B. Bandura’s social-cognitive theory.
Research in behavioral genetics has shown the family environment shared by children growing up together has ____ impact on personality.
A. no
B. little
C. a moderately large
D. a large
B. little
Daryl is taking a personality test in which he is shown a series of simple scenes. He is supposed to tell a story about what is happening in each scene and suggest what the characters are feeling. The test that Daryl is taking is the
A. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT).
B. Rorschach test.
C. 16 Personality Factor (16PF) Questionnaire.
D. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS).
A. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT).
Terror management theory asserts that much of our behavior is motivated by our needs
A. to defend our worldview and preserve our self-esteem.
B. to defend our worldview and reduce mortality salience.
C. for self-preservation and preserve our self-esteem.
D. for self-preservation and reduce mortality salience.
A. to defend our worldview and preserve our self-esteem.
Graham is a 25-year-old male who is extremely anxious about any type of sexual activity. According to Freud’s view of personality development, this anxiety may have arisen from
A. fixation at the genital stage of psychosexual development.
B. excessive punishment during his toilet training as a toddler.
C. improper weaning from the bottle when he was an infant.
D. an unresolved crisis during the latency stage of psychosexual development.
B. excessive punishment during his toilet training as a toddler.
The process of pushing distressing thoughts into the unconscious and keeping them there is known as
A. neurogenic amnesia.
B. suppression.
C. avoidance.
D. repression.
D. repression.
Which of the following is considered a major strength of projective tests?
A. the degree of standardization in administration and scoring
B. the difficulty in engaging in deliberate deception
C. the substantial evidence for their validity
D. the consistency of the scores provided
B. the difficulty in engaging in deliberate deception
The idea that ambiguous materials can serve as a blank screen onto which people impose their characteristic concerns, conflicts, and desires is termed the
A. self-report hypothesis.
B. projective hypothesis.
C. self-revealing hypothesis.
D. objective hypothesis.
B. projective hypothesis.
Which of the following is one of the main criticisms of projective tests?
A. Their accuracy depends on the order in which the stimuli are presented.
B. They are deceptive attempts to get at the unconscious.
C. There is inadequate evidence for the reliability of projective measures.
D. More effort is needed to respond to them than in the case of self-report inventories.
C. There is inadequate evidence for the reliability of projective measures.
The collection of beliefs about one’s own nature, unique qualities, and typical behavior is referred to as one’s ____, according to Rogers.
A. self-concept
B. phenomenology
C. state of incongruence
D. level of self-actualization
A. self-concept
While cleaning up after her party last night, Angela forgot to put the leftover crab dip in the refrigerator. When she discovered the now-spoiled dip in the morning, Angela said she didn’t mind having to throw it out because it wasn’t that good anyway. MOST likely, Angela is using
A. reaction formation.
B. repression.
C. rationalization.
D. regression.
C. rationalization.
According to the five-factor model of personality, people who score high in ____ are characterized as outgoing, sociable, upbeat, friendly, and assertive.
A. neuroticism
B. extraversion
C. conscientiousness
D. openness to experience
B. extraversion
Primary process thinking is associated with the ____, and secondary process thinking is associated with the ____.
A. ego; superego
B. superego; id
C. ego; id
D. id; ego
D. id; ego
Gordon hadn’t thought about the band Spider Wings for several months. However, as soon as Donovon mentioned it, Gordon instantly thought about the great time he had at their last concert. According to Freud, before Donovon mentioned Spider Wings, Gordon’s memory of the concert was contained in his
A. subconscious mind.
B. preconscious mind.
C. conscious mind.
D. unconscious mind.
B. preconscious mind.
Recent research suggests that levels of narcissism in college students have _________ over the past few decades.
Correct A. increased
B. remained stable
C. decreased slightly
D. decreased considerably
Mr. Gorst is a very patient individual who always has time for any questions his children might ask. If Mr. Gorst’s children grow up to be patient individuals, the development of this personality trait would be BEST explained using the concept of
A. positive reinforcement.
B. extinction.
C. observational learning.
D. rationalization.
C. observational learning.
Which of the following approaches to personality is MOST firmly rooted in empirical research?
A. behavioral approach
B. psychoanalytic approach
C. humanistic approach
D. cognitive approach
A. behavioral approach
Terror management theory suggests that self-esteem serves a terror management function by reducing
A. awareness of the inevitability of death.
B. mortality salience.
C. anxiety.
D. cultural worldviews.
C. anxiety.
Cari often has temper tantrums and pouts when she can’t have her own way. She behaves impulsively and becomes extremely impatient if she can’t have the things that she wants immediately. According to Freud’s view of personality, Cari’s personality appears to be dominated by
A. her ego.
B. her id.
C. reaction formation.
D. her superego.
B. her id.

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