PS101 Chapter 8 Questions

A study compares a group of 20 year olds and a group of 40 year olds. Each group is revisited five years later. This is a ___ design
Cross-sequential

Genes that actively control the expression of a trait are referred to as:
Dominant

Genes are located on:
Chromosomes

___ is carried by recessive genes and inherited when a child inherits two recessive genes.
Cystic fibrosis

Most parent/teen conflicts _____.
Are over trivial issues such as hair, clothing, and taste in music

A child who criticizes his parents for speeding because speeding is against the law is demonstrating ____ morality.
Conventional

Pete and Evelyn are decorating the room for the baby they are expecting. To ensure that the baby’s room provides appropriate stimulation, the couple seek the advice of a developmental psychologist, who tells them that newborns prefer to look at:
Human faces

In his theories of development, Paiget focused on ____.
The child’s internal cognitive development

Piaget suggested that children become able to deal effectively with abstract concepts during the ____ stage.
Formal operations

At birth, infants show a preference for ____ tastes.
Sweet

Which one of the following is an example of Vygotsky’s concept of scaffolding?
Little Jenny’s mother works one-on-one with her on a new task but gradually helps less and less, and Jenny becomes more skilled and capable.

Erikson believed that:
Social interactions were important in development

Animism is the belief ____.
That anything that moves is alive

Wakefield’s study linking the MMR vaccine to autism _____.
Has since been discredited

With respect to their babies’ needs, mothers of ____ babies are unresponsive, insensitive, and coldly rejecting.
Avoidant

The generativity versus stagnation developmental crisis occurs during the ___ stage.
Middle adulthood

People who ____ have been found to be far less likely to develop memory problems in old age.
Exercise their mental abilities

In Erikson’s _____, people must deal with mistakes, regrets, and unfinished business.
Life review

_____ is the final completion of the ego.
Integrity

The ____ believe that a person who has died is in the underworld.
Navajo

Conjoined twins Abby and Brittany Hensel cannot be separated because they share a:
Lower body

The functioning, but not the structure of the central nervous system is vulnerable throughout the ____ period.
Fetal

During critical periods:
Environmental influences can have an impact on a developing infant

Tashera is at a point in her pregnancy when the zygote is moving down her uterus, and the placenta and umbilical cord are beginning to form. Which period of prenatal development is Thashera currently experiencing?
Germinal

When Josh was dropped off at preschool on the first day of class, he was quite upset. He cried for a long time and would not play with the other children. Josh appears to have a difficult ____.
Temperment

A teenager’s brain is not as developed as an adult’s brain, which explains ____.
The risky behaviors they engage in

The way that an adolescent’s brain grows and develops can be compared to _____.
A conversation becoming more fluent

Which area of the brain is the last to develop before adulthood?
The frontal lobe

The frontal lobe is formed by ____.
Biological forces and the experiences of the individual

Because of nature of frontal love development ____ tend to have the most difficulty in adapting to a new culture.
Adults

Conforming to social norms occurs naturally when ____.
Children grow up in a caring, supportive social environment

What is “goodness of fit”?
A parent’s interest in and ability to respond to the needs and temperament of their child

How is an authoritative parent different from an authoritarian parent?
An authoritative parent sets reasonable expectations for their child and knows how to communicate well with hem

According to psychologist Abigail Baird, _____ has been shown to be very important to a child’s social and emotional well being.
Parents being somewhat demanding of their child

Psychologists Abigail Baird mentions four categories of parenting approaches: authoritative, authoritarian, neglectful, and _____.
Indlugent

According to Dr. Arnett, what is the definition of “identity”?
Gaining a stable, coherent knowledge of who you are and how you fit into the world

Of the three pillars of identity, which two do most psychology researchers focus on?
Love and work

Which of the following is a common, yet unfounded, negative stereotype of emerging adults?
The don’t want to work

What does Dr. Arnett advise emerging adults to do while in their 20s?
Try out different possibilities in love and work until you find a right fit

According to Dr. Arnett, a person has a greater chance of long-term happiness if they ____.
Wait until they know themselves before they commit to a romantic relationship and work direction