Properties of Matter Vocabulary (LearnEd Notebooks)

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Matter
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Composes any physical substance
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Atom
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The simplest or smallest unit of an element; atoms make up all matter
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Molecule
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A particle made of atoms joined together
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Mass
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A measure of the total amount of matter contained within an object
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Weight
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A measure of the amount of gravity acting on an object’s mass
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Data
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Facts or statistics gathered from experimentation
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Quantitative
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Data based on numerical findings
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Qualitative
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Data drawn from the five senses
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Physical Property
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A characteristic of a substance that can be observed (color, taste, texture, etc.)
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Energy
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The ability to do work, may exist as heat, solar energy or motion
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Heat
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Energy of moving particles (thermal energy)
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State of Matter
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A classification (grouping) of matter based on the interactions of its molecules
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Solid
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The most tightly packed state of matter; molecules may only vibrate against each other
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Liquid
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A state of matter in which molecules may move freely but cannot expand indefinitely
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Gas
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A state of matter that is capable of infinite expansion

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