Praxis 5039 Everything to Know

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receptive
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Language that is being spoken to a person is called _____________ language.
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expressive
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Language that expresses thoughts and feelings to others is called ________________ language.
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dactylic
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stressed, unstressed, unstressed
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spondee
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stressed, stressed
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trochaic
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stressed, unstressed
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iambic
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unstressed, stressed
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anapestic
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unstressed, unstressed, stressed
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victorian
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The __________ English literary time period lasted from 1837-1900. Writers of this time: Charles Dickens, Robert browning, Robert Louis Stevenson, Bronte sisters, Browning, Dickens, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Lewis Carroll, Hopkins, Kipling, Rossetti, Tennyson, Oscar Wilde, W. B. Yeats
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walt whitman
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__________ __________was an American Transcendentalist poet who was famous for his beliefs on nature; he was known as the father of American poetry; he loved Abraham Lincoln and the fallen soldiers of the Civil War; wrote “I Hear America Singing” in 1855 about America’s pride and the voices of hardworking laborers in America; “Song of Myself”; and, the poetry collection, “Leaves of Grass” in 1855.
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percy shelley
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__________ __________ was an English writer of Gothic Horror novels in 1819; wrote sonnet, “Ozymandias” about statue that inspired the poem was partially destroyed, and the poem frequently reminds us that the statue is in ruins. The dilapidated state of the statue symbolizes not only the erosive processes of time, but also the transience of political leaders and regimes.; wrote poem, “To a Skylark”, in 1820; and wrote the terza rima ode, “Ode to the West Wind” in 1820.
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anastrophe
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A(n) ________________ is an inversion (change) of natural word order that is used as a rhetorical effect. “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.” -John F. Kennedy
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apostrophe
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______________is a term used when a speaker directly addresses someone or something that isn’t present in the poem. The speaker could be addressing an abstract concept like love, a person (dead or alive), a place, or even a thing, like the sun or the sea.
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dialect
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A form of language that is specific to a certain geographic area is called ____________. “We’s safe, Huck, we’s safe! Jump up and crack yo’ heels. Dat’s de good ole Cairo at las’, I jis knows it.” -Jim in “Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain in 1876
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hyperbole
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“I’m so hungry that I could eat a horse.” is an example of a ________________.
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colloquial
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___________ language is an informal language that is also called “slang” or “common language”; refers to individual words.
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vernacular
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___________language refers to the native language that is spoken by the common (ordinary) people of a country or region; has established norms. *English, Italian, etc.
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sq3r
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_____________ is a reading comprehension method named for its five steps: survey, question, read, recite, and review. The method was introduced by Francis P. Robinson, an American education philosopher in his 1946 book “Effective Study”.
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anticipation guide
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A teacher would use a(n) __________ ___________ as a strategy that is used before reading to activate students’ prior knowledge and build curiosity about a new topic. Before reading a selection, students respond to several statements that challenge or support their preconceived ideas about key concepts in the text.
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charles dickens
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___________ ___________ was an English writer in 1860 whose novels criticized social injustice, such as in two of his Historical Fiction Novels: “Great Expectations”, about an orphan named Pip, and “A Tale of Two Cities”, set in London and Paris during the French Revolution.
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strophe
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A __________ is the first part of a choral ode (sung by the chorus in Greek dramas), and it is a group of verses that forms a distinct unit within a poem.
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charlotte bronte
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__________ __________ is the author of the Bildungsroman novel, “Jane Eyre”, written in 1847; she used the pen name “Currer Bell”.
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emily bronte
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___________ __________ is the author of the Tragedy novel, “Wuthering Heights”, written in 1845; she used the pen name “Ellis Bell”.
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ralph waldo emerson
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___________ ________ ___________ was a Transcendentalist writer in 1841 who was against slavery; he stressed self-reliance and optimism; and, he wrote essays – “Nature” and “Self-Reliance”.
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henry thoreau
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_________ __________ was a Transcendentalist writer who wrote the memoir “Walden” in 1854; he believed that the economic drive of America led to moral tyranny and the inability to appreciate the true beauty of nature.
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appeal to authority
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“Ad Verecundiam” is Latin for _________ _________ ___________ – and signifies someone who is not a true expert on what they are discussing.
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john passos
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___________ _________was a Lost Generation writer in 1920 who wrote the fictional war story “Three Soldiers” during WWI.
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martin luther king
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___________ __________ ____________ was influential during 1964 as a Baptist minister and civil rights leader; he who opposed discrimination against blacks and organized nonviolent resistance and peace.
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nathaniel hawthorne
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____________ _________wrote the Romantic novel “The Scarlet Letter” in 1850; he was originally a Transcendentalist writer who later became a leading anti-transcendentalist because of the hypocrisy of the New England Puritans.
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lewis carroll
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___________ __________ wrote the Nonsense poem, “Jabberwocky” in 1871; wrote the Children’s Literature book, “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” in 1865. His real name was Charles Dodgson.
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fairy tale
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A ___________ ____________ is a story with a moral, and it is set in a world of magic and enchantment that involves one or more of the following: fairies, talking animals, dwarves, elves, giants, goblins, mermaids, trolls, and, witches.
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epic
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A(n) ___________ is a long narrative (story) poem telling of a hero’s deeds, and it includes legendary figures; involves a serious topic that contains events significant to a culture or nation.
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epic hero
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A _________ _________ is character in a long, narrative poem who is a great hero with extraordinary strength. “Iliad” & “Odyssey” by Homer in 8th Century “Beowulf” by unknown author in Old English period
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couplet
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Two consecutive rhyming lines of poem that have the same meter (rhythm) is called a ____________.
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tall tale
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A humorous story that is very exaggerated and obviously untrue is called a _________ __________.
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legend
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A __________ is a narrative (story) that is told to others about the past and has historical elements; however, it cannot be verified as true.
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myth
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A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes (supernatural) is called a ___________.
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fable
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A ___________ is a brief story that has characters that are talking animals, creatures, or plants, and it contains a moral.
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memoir
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The word __________means “memory”, and it describes factual events according to the author’s personal experiences. “A Moveable Feast” was published after Ernest Hemingway’s death in 1964. It is about his time spent in Paris as a writer in 1920s, before attaining popularity. During these days, he was acquainted with many other famous writers, including Ezra Pound, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Gertrude Stein. -“A Moveable Feast” by Ernest Hemingway in 1964
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primary source
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A ________ ________ is an original source from a person’s firsthand experience, and it is presented by someone who was present during the event. *Manuscripts, photographs, oral histories, personal journals, artifact, document, recording
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secondary source
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A ___________ ___________ is Information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event and is produced after the events occurred. *Scholarly Books; Journal Articles
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soliloquy
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A __________ is a dramatic part of a play in which the character talks to himself or herself and does not address a listener; its purpose is to reveal the innermost thoughts and feelings of a character. “To be, or not to be? That is the question— Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune…” -“Hamlet” by Shakespeare in 1609
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monologue
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A ___________is a long speech made by one performer in which other characters are silent; a long and typically tedious speech made by ONE person during a conversation. “And indeed there will be time To wonder, ‘Do I dare?’ and, ‘Do I dare?” “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” by TS Eliot in 1915
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collective noun
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A __________ _________ names a group of things, people, or places. *herd, school, pod, pack, troupe, colony
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subject
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I he they we what who Each pronoun is called a ___________ pronoun.
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object
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me whom her them it Each pronoun is called a(n) ___________ pronoun.
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fantasy
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A _________ is a make-believe story with unreal, imaginary features that is set in the future. It stresses technology, supernatural abilities, and situations that could never actually occur (person flying). It can involve a planet or unknown world. “Harry Potter” by JK Rowling in 1997
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science fiction
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__________ _________ is a genre of fiction where characters and events are often set in the future; where science and technology far surpasses the present and entails partially true elements of science. “Fahrenheit 451” by Ray Bradbury in 1953
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realistic
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___________ fiction is a genre that is true to life and has events that have once occurred in real life, but it has fictional characters. “Bridge to Terabithia” by Katherine Paterson in 1977
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historical
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__________ fiction is a genre that borrows true characteristics of past settings and events and real time periods of the past. “Beloved” by Toni Morrison in 1987
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style
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An author’s choice of sentence structure, figurative language, and word choice used in their writing is called his or her __________.
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voice
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All authors have a different ___________ that describes their unique rhetoric (persuasion), syntax (sentence structure), diction (choice of words), and punctuation (grammar) in their writing.
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tone
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The ___________ of a story is the writer’s attitude through their use of diction, figurative language, and organization (sad, happy, scared, somber).
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mood
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The __________ of the story is the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for his or her reader. *happy, nervous, frightened, sad, mournful, sympathetic
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metaphor
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A ___________ is a comparison between two unlike things that have common characteristics. “All the World’s a Stage.” -from Shakespeare’s Pastoral Comedy, “As You Like It” in 1603
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simile
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A comparison using “like” or “as” is called a ___________; a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid. “The Nerves sit ceremonious, like Tombs” -from “After great pain, a formal feeling comes—” Emily Dickinson 1850
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poetry
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__________ is a type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story through lines and stanzas; it has a specific rhyme and meter.
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meter
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_________ is a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables (2-3) that has a pattern of beats – da DUM, da DUM….
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foot
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A ____________ is a metrical (verse) unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables; it is a sequence of meters.
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drama
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A ___________ is a genre where the story is understood by the audience but not by characters within the play; it contains irony and a conflict; it elicits emotions. “The Crucible” by Arthur Miller in 1953
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readers theater
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_________ ________ is a dramatic presentation of a written work in a script form. Readers read from a “script” and reading parts are divided among the readers. No memorization, costumes, blocking, or special lighting is needed. Presentations can easily be done in a k-3 classroom.
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concept map
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A teacher would use a _________ _________ as a type of graphic organizer that is used during reading to assist with content organization through a circle or box; it contains the main idea and branches off into specific topics related to the main idea.
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concrete noun
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A __________ __________ is a thing that can be seen, heard, smelled, touched, tasted; one would use his or her five senses to determine the material. *Would someone please answer the PHONE ?
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abstract noun
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A(n) ___________ __________ is an idea, a feeling, a quality, characteristic, or state; it is not tangible (able to be touched). *We can’t imagine the COURAGE it took to do that.
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claudius
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A character in Shakespeare’s Tragedy, “Hamlet”, written in 1609, that is the king of Denmark; he is Hamlet’s uncle. He is the villain. His name is ____________.
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hamlet
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__________ is a Tragedy play by William Shakespeare in year 1603; a ghost appears; He hoped to avenge the murder of his father; Ophelia kills herself.
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othello
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__________ is a Tragedy written in 1604 by William Shakespeare with a cheating scandal. The main character expresses hubris, or excessive pride, and he is married to Desdemona.
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illiad
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___________ is an Epic Poem that was written in 800 BC by Homer and features the Trojan War and ancient Greek history; it was the FIRST written poem about rescuing Queen Helen; ends with death and burial of Trojan warrior, Hektor.
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odyssey
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__________ is a Greek Epic Poem was written in 800 BC by Homer about a long, adventurous voyage and the fall of Troy over 10 years; features his wife, Penelope, and son, Telemachus; set in Ithaca – island in Greece.
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ulysses
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__________ is a Modernist novel written in 1922 by Irish author, James Joyce, and features the “Stream of Consciousness”; has key characters: Telemachus; Calypso; Cyclops; and, Penelope; divided into three books – I, II, and III with 18 episodes.
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editing
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The part of the writing process that is centered on fixing errors like capitalization, punctuation and spelling (checking grammar) is called _________.
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revising
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The part of the writing process that involves changing sentences and making stronger points or emphasis; narrowing or extending ideas; and, expanding and clarifying ideas is called ___________.
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subordinating conjunction
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A _________ _________connects an independent clause with one or more dependent clauses. “I lost my job because I was often late. SINCE I have no money, I can’t go to the movie.”
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correlative conjunction
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A _________ _________ connects elements in a sentence by using two words that work together. “I want EITHER the cheesecake OR the frozen hot chocolate.”
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coordinating conjunction
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A _________ ________ joins similar phrases, clauses, or words. “The bowl of squid eyeball stew is hot AND delicious.” **FANBOYS** = for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
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homophone
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A __________is each of two or more words having the same pronunciation but different meanings, origins, or spelling. *knew and new
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homograph
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A _____________is each of two or more words spelled the same but not necessarily pronounced the same and having different meanings and origins. *bow and bow
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epitaph
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A(n) _______________ is a statement written on a tomb or gravestone. “849-899, ruler of Britain, founder of British navy, and translator of Boethius.” – King Alfred the Great’s tomb
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the fall of the house of usher
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________ _______ ______ ________ __________ ________ _________ is a Gothic Fiction short story written by Edgar Allan Poe in 1839 that includes a dull, dark, old mansion; pond; catacombs; Gothic furniture; and the feelings of isolation and fear.
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the rime of the ancient mariner
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_______ ________ _________ _________ ________ __________ is a long poem written in 1798 by Samuel Taylor Coleridge; published in first edition of “Lyrical Ballads”; telling his disastrous story to wedding guests about a ship sinking.
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counterpoint
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If the basic meter of a poem is iambic and there are dactylic and trochaic variations, a _____________ is formed.
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christina rosetti
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__________ __________ wrote the Narrative poem “Goblin Market” in the Victorian Age of 1862 that includes sexual imagery; about a fraught encounter between sisters Laura and Lizzie and evil goblin merchants. When Laura exchanges a lock of her golden hair for the chance to taste the goblins’ enchanted ‘fruit forbidden’, she deteriorates until she is ‘knocking at Death’s door’.
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recursive
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Writing is a process that involves at least four distinct steps: prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing. It is known as a _______________ process. While you are revising, you might have to return to the prewriting step to develop and expand your ideas.
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rip van winkle
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__________ __________ ________ is a short story by Washington Irving written in 1819 about a man who falls asleep; the time of the American Revolution; he wakes up 20 years later to a society he does not recognize; the gruesome end of Ichabod Crane, who met the Headless Horseman of Sleepy Hollow.
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the legend of sleepy hollow
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________ __________ _________ __________ _______ is a title for 1 of 34 horror stories in “The Sketchbook” written by Washington Irving in 1820. *Characters: Ichabod Crane, Katrina Van Tassel, Brom Bones, and The Headless Horseman
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anne bradstreet
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__________ ___________ wrote the book of poetry “The Tenth Muse” in 1650 that featured wit and delight; made her the first notable American poet.
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romantic
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1790-1830 was the literary period for the ___________ English writers.
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to my dear and loving husband
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________ _______ ___________ ________ _________ ________ is the name of a famous passionate love poem written in iambic pentameter by Anne Bradstreet in 1642 about a man who loves his wife and cherishes the unity of their marriage; best image of heaven.
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because i could not stop for death
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______ _______ _________ ________ ________ ________ ________ is the name of a famous lyrical poem by Emily Dickinson in 1850 with 6 stanzas about accepting death; The persona of Dickinson’s poem meets personified Death; Death is a gentleman caller who takes a leisurely carriage ride with the speaker to her grave.
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toni morrison
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___________ __________ wrote the Magical Realism novel “Beloved” in 1987. She was an African-American who won the Nobel prize for vivid dialogue and rich details.
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maya angelou
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___________ ___________ wrote an autobiography “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” in 1969 about African American equality.
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still i rise
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_________ _______ _______ is author Maya Angelou’s third volume of poetry written in 1978 with themes of empowerment and overcoming prejudice and injustice.
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richard wright
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_________ _________ wrote the fictional short story “The Man Who Was Almost a Man” in 1961 – a short story about racial oppression of a man who struggles with his identity in the rural south; as part of the author’s compilation, “Eight Men”.
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langston hughes
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________ ________ was an African American poet who wrote “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” in 1921; rhythms influenced by jazz music during the Harlem Renaissance; The narrator’s voice speaks of bathing in the Euphrates, building a hut near the Congo, raising pyramids by the Nile, and watching the sun set on the Mississippi.
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eight men
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_________ _________is a compilation of 8 stories published in 1961 by Richard Wright; focuses on a black man at violent odds with a white world, reflecting author Richard Wright’s views about racism in our society and his fascination with what he called “the struggle of the individual in America.” These poignant, gripping stories will captivate all those who loved Black Boy and Native Son.
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countee cullen
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________ ________ wrote the Jazz poem “Any Human to Another” in 1935 – during the Harlem Renaissance; about a man that is grieving and believes that no one should grieve alone, even if they are ashamed.
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frederick douglass
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_________ _______ was an American Abolitionist during 1817-1895 who escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman through the newspaper, “The North Star”.
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the medea and some poems
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“Any Human to Another,” was first included in Cullen’s 1935 collection, _________ ________ ________ __________ _________.
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zora hurston
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_________ ________ was a folklorist during 1937 – the period of the Harlem Renaissance; she produced four novels and more than 50 short stories, plays, and essays; wrote the Literary Fiction novel “Their Eyes were watching God”.
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o captain my captain
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____________ ___________ __________ _________is an extended metaphor poem written by Walt Whitman in 1865 about Abraham Lincoln – mourning the nation’s loss during the Civil War.
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o pioneers
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_______ ________ is a Historical Drama written by Willa Cather in 1913 about a Swedish family trying to survive the Nebraska prairie lands and the American Frontier.
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pygmalion
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___________ is a Romantic Comedy play written by George Shaw in 1913; features a Greek mythological character – a king who created a statue of a woman and fell in love with it.
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transcedentalist
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The ____________ period was from 1836-1860 and involves nature that was Pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson concerning one’s direct connection with God and there being no need for organized churches; intuition, promoted individualism, and, self reliance. “Self-Reliance” by Ralph Waldo Emerson in 1841 “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau in 1849
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doublespeak
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In his novel “1984”, written in 1949, the English author, George Orwell, used the term “___________” to refer to a type of propaganda that points in the direction opposite from the reality that the writing supposedly portrays. When BIG BROTHER and the Party say PEACE they mean WAR, when they say LOVE they mean HATE, and when they say FREEDOM they mean SLAVERY. -“1984” by George Orwell in 1949
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open
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A compound word that has a space between the two roots (school bus) is called a(n) __________ compound.
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closed
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a compound word that has NO space between the two root words (flowerpot) is called a(n) ______________ compound.
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ethos
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_________ is characterized by strategies of argumentation identified by Aristotle; The appeal of a text to the credibility and character of the speaker, writer, or narrator. The word means “nature” and “customs”.
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logos
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___________ means Appeal to Logic and is a formal argument that provides reason; Greek for “word” or “reason”.
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pathos
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__________ means Appeal to Emotion; a quality that evokes pity or sadness. Word means “grief” or “suffering”. Purpose: audience is “moved” by feelings created (power, fear, anger, nervousness, joy) “If we don’t move on soon, we are all going to die!”
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euphemism
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A(n) __________ is an indirect, less offensive way of saying something – used to substitute a word that is unpleasant. “I never knew how old Mr. Radley made his living- Jem said he “bought cotton,” a polite term for doing nothing…” -“To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee” by Harper Lee in 1960
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go set a watchman
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________ ________ _______ ______ is a Fictional novel by Harper Lee published on July 14, 2015. Although written before her first and only other published novel, the Pulitzer Prize-winning “To Kill a Mockingbird”—and initially promoted by its publisher as a sequel—it is now more widely accepted as being a first draft of the famous novel.
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mark twain
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__________ ________ was a famous writer and humorist in 1884 who wrote Realistic Fiction novels, “Adventures of Tom Sawyer” and “Huckleberry Finn”; the master of satire. *He gave his stories “local color” through dialect and detailed descriptions
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ts eliot
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__________ _________ is the author of a long Modernist poem called “The Waste Land” written in 1932 that focused on the damaged psychological state of humanity. “April is the cruelest month, breeding lilacs out of the dead land, mixing memory and desire, stirring dull roots with spring rain.” -“The Waste Land” in 1932
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building background
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A teacher would use the strategy called _________ _________ to activate students’ existing knowledge using connections from what the student already knows.
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set induction
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A teacher would use a ________ ________ as a strategy to grasp and keep hold of the students’ attention at the beginning of a lesson. *Also called an Anticipatory Guide.
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prior knowledge
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Teachers should activate students’ __________ __________ so that the student can make connections between the text, real-life experiences, and the larger world. *Student asks: what do I already know about this topic?
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synthesize
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When a teacher has students find elements from literature and combine them to form a conclusion, he or she is asking them to ____________ .
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skimming
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A teacher would use the method known as __________ to allow students time for rapid, superficial reading of material to determine central ideas and the main elements of the text.
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scan
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Teachers should ask students to _________, or read the text quickly by looking over information to find a specific detail, such as a name or year.
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graphic organizer
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A teacher would use a _________ _______ as a tool to organize text by visually illustrating ideas; it creates relationships through symbols.
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open ended
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Teacher should ask ________ _______ questions that would require students to give more than a yes or no answer, and it will allow students to give a full, meaningful answer. *Requires feelings/emotions/in depth thoughts
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closed ended
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If a teacher is looking for a quick, easy-to-answer response, she or he should ask ________ ________ questions. *The answer choice is usually provided.
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jargon
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__________ is a type of language that is specific to a group or occupation, and it is difficult for those outside the group to understand words and word meaning. “Why, may not that be the skull of a lawyer? Where be his quiddities now, his quillities, his cases, his tenures, and his tricks? -“Hamlet” by Shakespeare in 1609
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indefinite
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A(n) ___________ pronoun is not specific ; it does not state exactly “who” or “what”. “Lizzie gave that book to SOMEONE and never got it back.”
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preposition
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A ___________demonstrates the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in the sentence; it indicates a position or direction. “She was hiding UNDER the table.”
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appositive
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A(n) ____________ identifies or explains another noun or pronoun right beside it in sentence. “The insect, A COCKROACH, is crawling across the kitchen table.”
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limerick
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A __________ is an anapestic, humorous poem that contains 5 lines with a rhyme scheme: AABBA; has 3 long, 2 short lines; it is often rude or bawdy. *Popularized by Edward Lear’s 1850 Nonsense Poems
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lyric
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___________ is a collection of verses and choruses, making up a complete song, or a short and non-narrative poem. It uses a single speaker, who expresses personal emotions or thoughts. Lyrical poems, which are often popular for their musical quality and rhythm, are pleasing to the ear, and are easily put to music
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ode to the west wind
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________ ________ __________ __________ _________is an ode written in by Percy Shelley in 1812 who wanted to influence society and affect change to the powerless; wanted his message of reform and revolution spread, and the wind becomes the trope for spreading the word of change through the poet-prophet figure.
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how do I love thee
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______ ______ ______ ______ ______ is a sonnet by Elizabeth Browning in 1850; known as “Sonnet 43”; about the many ways that she loves her beloved and that the person will be loved even after death.
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refrain
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A ____________ is a set of lines repeated several times that is in the same pattern and found at the end of a stanza.
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petrarchan
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A __________ is an alternative name for an Italian sonnet that contains 14 lines and metaphors and/or similes; developed by a string of Renaissance poets; “London, 1802” by William Wordsworth
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idyll
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__________ is an extremely happy, peaceful, or picturesque episode or scene, typically an idealized or unsustainable one; a short description in verse or prose of a picturesque scene or incident, especially in rustic life. “A bright scene of a small German country town near the right bank of the Rhine, set against the dark background of the French invasion of the Rhenish Palatinate in 1794.” “Hermann and Dorothea” by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1797
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pastoral
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The ___________ tradition can be traced back to Hesiod, a Greek oral poet active between 750 and 650 BCE, roughly the same time as Homer. His most famous poem, Works and Days, is part farmer’s almanac and part didactic exploration of the nature of human labor. “And I will make thee beds of Roses And a thousand fragrant posies, A cap of flowers, and a kirtle Embroidered all with leaves of Myrtle” “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” by Christopher Marlowe in 1599
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sestina
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This poetic form is all about sixes. A __________consists of six stanzas with six lines each, followed by a three-line stanza at the very end, known as an Envoi; a grand total of 39 lines. “Altaforte” by Ezra Pound in 1909
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exposition
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The backstory is called the ____________, and it includes background information presented in a literary work, such as, the setting, characters and events. *Purpose: allows the story to make sense Latin “A Showing Forth”
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shakespearean
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A(n)_____________ sonnet has 3 quatrains, a concluding couplet, and iambic pentameter. Each line is 10 syllables with a rhyme pattern: abab cdcd efef gg.
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ten
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There are ___________ (number) syllables in a line of a sonnet.
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italian sonnet
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A(n) ________ ________ has the rhyme scheme of ABBA and is called Petrarchan (14 lines); it contains an octave (8 lines) and a sestet (6 lines).
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tercet
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A ___________ is a group of 3 lines that rhyme together. “Oh, Galuppi, Baldassaro, this is very sad to find! I can hardly misconceive you; it would prove me deaf and blind; But although I give you credit, ’tis with such a heavy mind!” -“A Toccata of Galuppi’s” by Robert Browning in 1855
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maxim
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A ___________ is an old saying that is a fundamental principle, or moral; it is a memorable thought about life and convinces people to partake in good deeds. “Neither a Borrower Nor a Lender Be.” -Polonius in Act-I, Scene-III of William Shakespeare’s play, “Hamlet”
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cs lewis
answer

_________ __________ is the author of the Fantasy novel for children, “The Lion, Witch, and the Wardrobe”, written in 1952. He also wrote “Mere Christianity”; “The Chronicles of Narnia”; and, “The Screwtape Letters”; the plot and characters are used to address Christian theological issues, primarily those to do with temptation and resistance to it.
question

lord of the rings
answer

_______ _______ _______ _______is a Fantasy and Adventure novel written by JRR Tolkien in 1954 that is published in 3 volumes; it is the sequel to “The Hobbit”.
question

farce
answer

A __________ is a comic play filled with ridiculous or absurd happenings; it contains broad or far-fetched humor. “The most absurd thing in tale is the fact that Miss Prism commits a blunder by leaving her manuscript in the pram, and puts her child into her handbag.” -“The Importance of Being Ernest” by Oscar Wilde in 1895
question

stephen king
answer

___________ _________ wrote supernatural works, horror novels, science fiction novels, and fantasy works; he wrote Horror Fiction “Carrie” in 1974; “The Man in the Black Suit”; “IT”; “Green Mile”; “The Body”; “Shawshank Redemption in 1982″;”The Shining” in 1977.
question

leo tolstoy
answer

__________ ___________is a Russian author who wrote the War novel, “War and Peace” – The novel chronicles the history of the French invasion of Russia and the impact of the Napoleonic era on Tsarist society through the stories of five Russian aristocratic families.
question

parody
answer

A ___________ is an imitation of a particular writer, artist or a genre; exaggerates it deliberately to produce a comic effect; it pokes fun at a set of ideal within a society and downgrades the seriousness of an otherwise serious state. “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathon Swift in 1726
question

satire
answer

A genre called _________ criticizes human misconduct, ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies. “Animal Farm” by George Orwell in 1945
question

frontier
answer

A __________ is an area where a line or border separates two countries. “The Pioneers” by James Cooper in 1823
question

expository
answer

__________ writing is defined as presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a process. Logical order should be used with appropriate sequencing of ideas or steps in a process. “Advances in science and technology have made the use of “green” energy possible. In places where climate conditions permit, people are able to use solar energy or wind energy for power.”
question

foreshadowing
answer

____________ is a literary device that builds suspense in the reader and hints at upcoming events; it is often found at the beginning of a story. “Life were better ended by their hate, Than death prorogued, wanting of thy love” -“Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare in 1597
question

vers libre
answer

_________ ________ is French for “free verse” and describes poetry without a fixed meter and without a rhyming pattern. Victor Hugo (1860).
question

ballad
answer

A(n) ____________ is a narrative, long poem with 4 line stanzas and swift actions. It includes quatrains with a rhyme scheme of: ABAB. “My Father was a Farmer” by Robert Burns (1790)
question

incongruity
answer

The word ___________ means a lack of harmony; something is out of place. “Go ask his name: if he be married. My grave is like to be my wedding bed.” -“Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare in 1597
question

ambiguous
answer

When something is said to be __________, it is open to having more than one interpretation and it is open to debate. “Has found out thy bed Of crimson joy; And his dark secret love Does thy life destroy” -“The Sick Rose” by William Blake in 1794
question

metonymy
answer

A ____________ is a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related. “Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.” -“Julius Caesar” by Shakespeare in 1599
question

paradox
answer

A(n) ___________ is a statement that seems self-contradictory or absurd but, in reality, it expresses a possible truth. “All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others.” -“Animal Farm” by George Orwell in 1945
question

pathetic fallacy
answer

The attribution of human emotions or characteristics within inanimate objects is called a ___________ _____________. It is usually related to nature; a personification. “angry clouds” “cruel wind” “smiling skies”
question

juxtaposition
answer

A ____________ is the placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts; “America, Land of Opportunity” *Don Quixote (tall, gaunt) and Sancho Panza (Short, round). -“Don Quixote” by Miguel de Cervantes from 1615
question

alfred tennyson
answer

________ _________ wrote the Elegy poem, “In Memoriam”, about his best friend Henry Hallom in 1832, and he wrote a ballad, “Lady of Shalott”, in 1833 about King Arthur; works centered on medieval sources. *Characters: Sir Lancelot and Queen Guinevere
question

henry longfellow
answer

__________ __________ wrote the Epic poem, “Evangeline” in 1847, and wrote the poem, “Paul Revere’s Ride” in 1861 – dealing with the Civil War and courage during the Romantic Period. *First American to translate Dante’s “Divine Comedy” from 1320
question

denouement
answer

The ___________ is another word for the “falling action” of a story. Literally it means “untie,” and it refers to the part of the plot after the climax when the problems faced by the characters begin to resolve.
question

anecdote
answer

A(n) _____________ is a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person. Parris: “(It is very hard to say): Aye, a dress. And I thought – someone naked running through the trees!” Abigail: (In terror) “No one was naked! You mistake yourself, uncle!” “The Crucible” by Arthur Miller in 1953
question

personification
answer

__________ is a figure of speech that gives an animal or object human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes; animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes. “I wondered lonely as a cloud” – William Wordsworth in year 1807
question

neoclassical
answer

Artists from the ____________ English literary period wanted to recapture the simplicity of ancient Greece and Rome through theater, music, and art. “Lyrical Ballads” by William Wordsworth and Samuel Coleridge from 1798 – an attempt to emulate the classical attitudes towards art based on order, control, reason and harmony
question

robert frost
answer

________ __________ wrote the poem “The Road Not Taken” in 1915 about a lone traveler confronted with two roads, symbolizing the journey of life and the decisions we make on that journey; wrote poem “Fire and Ice” in 1913.
question

john keats
answer

________ ________ was a famous Romantic writer in 1820; used sensual imagery and rich word choice; wrote “Ode on a Grecian Urn”; “Ode to a Nightingale”; “On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer”; “Endymion”.
question

wb yeats
answer

_________ __________ was a famous Irish Poet who wrote “The Second Coming” in 1919; “The Player Queen” in 1922; “The Moods” in 1930. *Influenced by William Blake, TS Eliot, John Keats
question

john donne
answer

_________ _________ was a famous priest who wrote Metaphysical poem, “Holy Sonnet 10” in 1620; wrote “Death Be Not Proud”; focus on elegies and songs; wrote “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”.
question

jonathon edwards
answer

_________ ___________ was a Puritan minister who reformed theology through his belief in Calvinism in 1741; wrote sermon, “Sinners in the hands of an angry God” – he hoped that the imagery and language of his sermon would awaken audiences to the horrific reality that he believed awaited them should they continue without calling on Christ to be saved.
question

john milton
answer

_________ __________ wrote “Paradise Lost” in 1667, an epic poem with blank verse that was written during the Puritan time period; wrote “Paradise Regained” in 1671; wrote sonnet “When I Consider how my Life is Spent” in 1673.
question

sir thomas malory
answer

_________ _________ ________ is the author of the prose tale “Le Morte d’Arthur” written in 1485 about the legendary King Arthur and Knights of the Round Table; wrote Chivalry Romance, “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight” in year 1450; wrote prose romances during the Medieval Period.
question

foil
answer

In fiction, a _________is a character who contrasts with another character —usually the protagonist— to highlight particular qualities of the other character. The contrasts of God and Satan. -“Paradise Lost” by John Milton from 1667
question

static
answer

A character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end is called a ____________character. He is a “flat” character who only shows one characteristic. Character: Tom Sawyer “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain in 1876
question

archaic
answer

____________ describes something that is ancient or old-fashioned, as in the 6-7th century BC in Greece.
question

a midsummer nights dream
answer

_______ ________ ________ ________ is a comedy play written in 1605 by William Shakespeare about 4 young people; they go into the woods and fairies put a spell on them to make one fall in love with the other.
question

beowulf
answer

______________ is the hero and the protagonist in an Old English Epic poem; he fights Grendel, Grendel’s Mother, and a fire breathing dragon. His name means “bear”.
question

comma splice
answer

In English grammar, a___________ ___________ is the use of a comma to join two independent clauses. For example: It is nearly half past five, we cannot reach town before dark. “The sun is high, so put on some sunscreen.”
question

dangling modifier
answer

A _________ _________ is a word or phrase that modifies (describes) a word not clearly stated. *”Having finished the assignment, Jill turned on the TV.” “Having finished the assignment, the TV was turned on.” *Student left to ask: “Who turned on TV?”
question

alliteration
answer

A(n) _____________ is the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. *Peter Picked Peppers
question

consonance
answer

A(n) ___________ is a repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity. *1) Pitter Patter, Pitter Patter-repetition of the “t,” and “r” sounds. 2) The lint was sent with the tent-repetition of the “nt” sound.
question

assonance
answer

A(n) ____________ is a repetition of a vowel sound when two or more words are in close proximity. 1) The light of the fire is a sight. (repetition of the long i sound) 2) Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers (repetition of the short e and long i sounds)
question

terza rima
answer

________ _______ is an Italian arrangement of triplets; like in the Epic Poem by Dante, “Divine Comedy”, written in 1320; is a three-line stanza using chain rhyme in the pattern a-b-a, b-c-b, c-d-c, d-e-d.
question

literary criticism
answer

_________ __________ refers to the art or practice of judging and commenting on the qualities and character of literary works.
question

exact
answer

___________ rhyme is a repetition of the same stressed vowel sounds and all letters after the vowel. “Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.”
question

half
answer

_____________ rhyme is where the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same; sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme. “If love is like a bridge or maybe like a grudge”
question

noodlehead
answer

A _________ tale is a story of a lovable fool; Includes individuals that are not very bright but manage to survive. “Puss and Boots” by Giovanni Francesco Straparola in 1697
question

integral
answer

The __________ setting is essential to the plot and sets the stage for the story found in folktales and historical fiction; the setting is fully described in both time and place, usually found in historical fiction.
question

tragedy
answer

A ______________ is a serious type of genre in which the hero has a major downfall; it usually has an unhappy ending. “Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare in 1597
question

affix
answer

A(n)____________ is a prefix or suffix that modifies the meaning of a root word. Prefix de- Suffix -ing
question

zeugma
answer

A _________ is a figure of speech in which one word governs two other words not related in meaning. “[They] covered themselves with dust and glory.” -“Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain in 1876
question

canto
answer

A __________ is a division of a long poem, much like a chapter of a book, that is often found in epic poetry and narrative poems. “Divine Comedy” by Alighieri Dante in 1321
question

understatement
answer

A ___________ is a way to present an idea as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is. “It doesn’t look too bad.” -to describe a broken leg
question

hyperbole
answer

______________ is an exaggerated statement or claim not meant to be taken literally. “People moved slowly then. There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go, nothing to buy and no money to buy it with, nothing to see outside the boundaries of Maycomb County.” – “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee in 1960
question

oxymoron
answer

A(n) ____________ is a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory words. “I must be cruel, only to be kind.” -“Hamlet” by William Shakespeare in 1609
question

motif
answer

A _____________ is a recurring subject or idea that has symbolic significance and it enhances the theme or mood; is a meaningful pattern of symbols, character types, actions, or events that reinforce the theme. *The idea of childhood gives the novel a lighter tone, and makes it enjoyable to read despite its grave central ideas of slavery and racism. -“Huckleberry Finn” by Mark Twain in 1884
question

clipping
answer

When a new word that is created by shortening an existing word, it is called ____________. *phone from telephone
question

closet
answer

A _________ Drama is written to be read instead of performed on stage.
question

omniscent
answer

_________ means “all knowing” and is when the narrator knows all feelings and thoughts of the characters; In classic literature, a good example is found in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The Scarlet Letter”. In this novel, the story is told from several different characters’ points-of-view. In addition, the narrator knows the thoughts, actions, and feelings of every character.
question

camera view
answer

When the narrator remains neutral and does not state his or her emotions/feelings, it is known as the ___________ __________.
question

emily dickinson
answer

__________ ____________ wrote the Lyrical poem, “Because I Could Not Stop for Death”, in 1890; she was a Romantic writer who had themes of flowers and gardens.
question

limited
answer

When you can only see what the author is telling you, you have a ___________ view.
question

sprung
answer

______________ rhythm is a poetic meter approximating speech where each foot having one stressed syllable followed by a varying number of unstressed ones. TA-TA-TA-dum-dum-TA-TA
question

scansion
answer

__________ means to scan a line of verse to determine the rhythm; an analysis of meter.
question

rhyme royal
answer

A stanza of seven 10-syllable lines, rhyming ABABBCC, popularized by Geoffrey Chaucer is called a ____________ ______________. *Geoffrey Chaucer and other medieval poets
question

rhyme
answer

A __________ is a repetition of syllables, typically at the end of a verse line. *ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG Shakespearean Sonnet
question

picaresque
answer

A __________describes the characteristic of being an adventurous wanderer in a genre of prose fiction that depicts the adventures of a roguish hero of low social class who lives by their wits in a corrupt society. These novels typically adopt a realistic style, with elements of comedy and satire. *A story in prose with a heroic character that lives in a corrupt society. -“Don Quixote” by Cervantes in 1605
question

cadence
answer

____________ describes the rhythmic rise and fall of one’s voice that sets the pace of reading.
question

epithet
answer

An adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned is an __________. “God! he said quietly. Isn’t the sea what Algy calls it: a great sweet mother? The snot-green sea. The scrotum-tightening sea! I must teach you. You must read them in the original. Thalatta! Thalatta! She is our great sweet mother…” -“Ulysses” by James Joyce in 1922
question

rhetoric
answer

__________ is used to make writing effective, eloquent, and persuasive. It means “orator” in Greek and means “to convince”. “…advise him of his happy state— Happiness in his power left free to will, Left to his own free will, his will though free Yet mutable.” -“Paradise Lost” by John Milton in 1667
question

epistrophe
answer

A(n) __________ is a repetition of a word at the end of sentences and the opposite of an anaphora. “Where now? Who now? When now?” -“The Unnamable” by Samuel Beckett in 1953
question

ad hominem
answer

_______ _______is Latin for “against the man” and means someone is attempting to win an argument by personally attacking his or her opponent.
question

running record
answer

When a teacher uses a _______ _______, he or she will analyze and score a student’s reading ability as the reader moves along; teacher can identify patterns; teacher can analyze student’s way of reading.
question

post hoc ergo propter hoc
answer

____________ ____________ ___________ __________ __________ is a fallacy that is Latin for “after which therefore because of which”; meaning that it is incorrect to always claim that something is a cause just because it happened earlier (before/prior). *Saying that correlation DOES NOT imply causation
question

red herring
answer

A fallacy that is an argument in which one would distract his or her opponent by raising an issue that is irrelevant to the case is called _______ ________. *The readers are thrown off the real murderer and start suspecting the escaped convict and Barrymore. In the end, however, the mystery is resolved by the unexpected confession of Beryl that her husband Stapleton was the real culprit, and was behind the whole mystery of the killer Hound. -“The Hound of Baskervilles” by Conan Doyle in 1902
question

straw man
answer

A fallacy called _______ _______ is when one pretends to respond to an opponent’s view by misconstruing the view in order to refute it; trying to easily strike down another’s argument *He introduces a good objection that there are a number of ways to fix the problem, as he presents the idea of giving the children of the poor to the elite class as food. Though this idea is not logical, it makes his argument effective, as readers are led to think about real solutions to the actual problem. -“A Modest Proposal” by Jonathon Swift in 1729
question

william faulkner
answer

_________ __________ wrote the Southern Gothic short story, “A Rose for Emily” in 1930; he was greatly influenced by Mississippi and WWII by his writing of “The Sound and The Fury”.
question

epigram
answer

A(n) ___________ is a short, witty poem that is often satirical and expresses an idea in a unique way. “To see a world in a grain of sand, And a heaven in a wild flower, Hold infinity in the palm of your hand, And eternity in an hour.” -“Auguries of Innocence” by William Blake in 1863
question

horace walpole
answer

_________ ________ wrote the Horror Fiction novel, “The Castle of Otranto”, in 1764 during the neoclassic period that was created from a nightmare that the author had.
question

characterization
answer

A method that an author uses to let readers know more about the characters and their personal traits through a graphic or vivid verbal description is known as ______________. *Tom is essentially defined by his wealth and the abusive nature that he portrays every now and then, while Daisy is explained by Gatsby as having a voice full of money. “The Great Gatsby” by FS Fitzgerald in 1925
question

faust
answer

____________ is a tragic poem in 2 parts by Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe about a man that makes a pact with the devil by exchanging his soul for unlimited knowledge and worldly pleasures in order to gain 24 years of youth. *Theme: modern man’s sense of alienation and his need to come to terms with the world in which he lives.
question

candide
answer

___________ is a French Satire written by Voltaire during the Age of Enlightenment in 1759 that was a satire to society about organized religion in Europe.
question

saul bellow
answer

________ ________ wrote a 1953 Picaresque (hero of low social class who lives by their wits in a corrupt society) novel “The Adventures of Augie March” that means “Seize the Day”.
question

oedipus rex
answer

________ _________ is a tragic 430 BC play by Sophocles that is a Greek Tragedy about a man’s struggle against fate; character murders his father and marries his mother: the perfect tragedy.
question

pilgrams progress
answer

___________ ___________ is a Christian Allegory written by John Bunyan in 1678 that explains a man, Christian, who fell asleep in the wilderness and was tormented by spiritual anguish.
question

colonial
answer

The _________ American literary time period lasted from 1620-1750. *Anne Bradstreet, Jonathon Edwards, Edward Taylor
question

restoration
answer

The _____________ English literary time period that lasted from 1660-1700 revolving around the monarchy in England in 1660. It marked the return of Charles II as king. *Commonwealth of Oliver Cromwell – during the Civil War he fought for Parliament.
question

naturalism
answer

The __________ American literary time period lasted from 1890-1920 and stated that everything arises from natural properties and causes, and supernatural or spiritual; explanations are excluded or discounted. *An extension of the Realism Period
question

heroic couplet
answer

A ______ ________ contains a pair of Iambic(unstressed/stressed) pentameter(5) lines. “Then share thy pain, allow that sad relief; Ah, more than share it, give me all thy grief.” -“Eloisa to Abelard” by Alexander Pope in 1717
question

types of writing
answer

Expository, Descriptive, Narrative, Persuasive are four _________ _______ _________.
question

utopian
answer

A ____________ novel is one that has a believer in an ideal world and ideal society; everything is perfect. “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley in 1932
question

dystopian
answer

A ___________ novel has a futuristic society that appears perfect, but it is not; where people live dehumanized – people live fearful lives “Lord of the Flies” by William Golding in 1954
question

etymology
answer

_____________ is the history of words; the origin and development of words.
question

flashback
answer

A scene in a story that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events and depicts something that happened at an earlier time is called a _________. *Cathy is dead. Mr. Lockwood sees Cathy’s name written all over the windowsill, and then has a vexing dream about her. When he talks about the dream to Heathcliff, Heathcliff becomes distressed, and Mr. Lockwood wants to know why the mention of Cathy upsets him; he wishes to bring Cathy back to life. -“Wuthering Heights” by Emily Bronte in 1847
question

the importance of being ernest
answer

______ _______ _______ _________ ________ is a Trivial Comedy Farce play written in 1899 by Oscar Wilde with themes of: Social Class, Wealth, Love, Marriage, Rural vs. City, Acting, Role Playing, Gender Roles.
question

on first looking into chapmans homer
answer

_____ ______ __________ ________ ________ _________is a sonnet that was written in 1816 by the Romantic author John Keats; It tells of the author’s astonishment while reading the works of the ancient Greek poet Homer as freely translated by the Elizabethan playwright George Chapman.
question

loaded question
answer

If you asked a question that had a presumption built into it so that it couldn’t be answered without appearing guilty, you are using a ________ _________. “How am I to get in?” asked Alice again, in a louder tone. “Are you to get in at all?” said the Footman, “That’s the first question, you know.” -“Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” by Lewis Caroll in 1865
question

tu quoque
answer

A fallacy that is a Latin term meaning “appeal to hypocrisy” and means “you also”; it dismisses someone’s viewpoint on an issue because he himself is inconsistent in that very thing is called ___________ ___________. *Wilma: You cheated on your income tax. Don’t you realize that’s wrong? Walter: Hey, wait a minute. You cheated on your income tax last year. Or have you forgotten about that? -“Critical Thinking” by William Hughes and Jonathan Lavery in 1992
question

tetra
answer

4 meters
question

penta
answer

5 meters
question

hexa
answer

6 meters
question

hepta
answer

7 meters
question

octa
answer

8 meters
question

nona
answer

9 meters
question

deca
answer

10 meters
question

anti
answer

A(n) ________ climax occurs when expectations are aroused and then let down. “The aliens are defeated by the most unexpected organism: the common cold virus.” “The War of the Worlds” by HG Wells in 1898
question

climax
answer

______________a Greek term meaning “ladder,” is that particular point in a narrative at which the conflict or tension hits the highest point. Climax is a structural part of a plot, and is at times referred to as a “crisis.” It is a decisive moment or a turning point in a story-line at which the rising action turns around into a falling action. Act 3. In the first scene of the act, Romeo challenges Tybalt to a duel after he (Tybalt) killed Mercutio -“Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare in 1597
question

emotion
answer

Pathos involves the appeal to __________, in which an argument is won on the basis of manipulating the audience because the speaker does not have factual evidence.
question

1984
answer

_____________ is a Dystopian/Utopian novel written by George Orwell in 1949 about the insane world of dehumanization through terror in which the individual was systematically obliterated by an all-power elite.
question

sonnet 18
answer

_________ _________ was written by William Shakespeare in 1609 using the rhyme scheme: ABAB CDCE EFEF GG. “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” “Thou art more lovely and more temperate”
question

sonnet 14
answer

__________ __________ was written in 1609 by William Shakespeare, in which the speaker tells their lover that they wish to not be loved; stresses how the only lasting love is love based on “love’s sake” entirely.
question

civil disobedience
answer

__________ ___________ was written by Henry Thoreau in 1849 and is an essay that “The active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power.”
question

se hinton
answer

___________ __________wrote the Coming-of-Age-novel, “The Outsiders” in 1967, involving character from youth to adulthood- the Greasers and the Socs.
question

jd salinger
answer

________ _________ wrote the Coming-of-Age Fictional novel, “The Catcher in the Rye” in 1951 and was known for his novels involving persona and testimony; it has since become popular with adolescent readers for its themes of teenage angst and alienation; is set around the 1950’s and is narrated by a young man named Holden Caulfield. Holden is not specific about his location while he’s telling the story, but he makes it clear that he is undergoing treatment in a mental hospital or sanatorium.
question

john steinbeck
answer

_________ __________ wrote the Tragic novella in 1937, “Of Mice and Men”; wrote “The Grapes of Wrath” and “East of Eden”.
question

the great gatsby
answer

_________ ________ _________ is a Historical Fiction novel written by F. Scott Fitzgerald in 1922; the setting is during a prosperous time in the United States known as the “Roaring Twenties” in a fictional town of West Egg on the prosperous Long Island; It’s about a self-made man who woos and loses a married aristocratic woman (Daisy) he loves. *Theme: downfall of America
question

anna karenina
answer

________ ________ is a Realistic Fiction novel written in 1877 by Leo Tolstoy (Russian); Tolstoy uses his intense imaginative insight to create some of the most memorable characters in literature. She is a sophisticated woman who abandons her empty existence as the wife of Karenin and turns to Count Vronsky to fulfill her passionate nature – with tragic consequences.
question

a portrait of an artist as a young man
answer

________ ____________ ______ ________ ________ _____ ______ _______ ______ is a novel by James Joyce written in 1916 and is a recreation of Joyce’s own life; a novel of sexual awakening, religious rebellion and the essential search for voice and meaning that every nascent artist must face in order to fully come into themselves.
question

lycidas
answer

____________ is a Pastoral Elegy that was written by John Milton in 1637; it deals with the death of the young; mirrors the death of Milton’s friend Edward King; a classical poetry type and the struggle with grief over the loss of an acquaintance.
question

the tenth muse
answer

_________ __________ __________ is a book of poetry written by Anne Bradstreet in 1650; her poems were published in London without consent and her name was not included.
question

lyrical ballads
answer

_________ ___________ is a collection of poems written by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1798; 1st piece of literature during the Romantic Era.
question

the love song
answer

________ __________ _________ is a poem by TS Elliot written in 1915 with a “Stream of Conscious”. Prufrock is speaking to a potential lover but does not feel as though he is good enough for her.
question

the rape of the lock
answer

________ ______ _______ ________ _______ is a Mock Heroic Narrative poem written by Alexander Pope in 1712 that included 2 cantos; Petre, lusting after Arabella, had cut off a lock of her hair without permission, and the consequent argument had created a breach between the two families.
question

the sound and the fury
answer

_______ _______ _______ ______ ________ is a Modern Literature and Stream-of- Consciousness novel by William Faulkner in 1929 about a southern family on the decline crumbles completely when one of his members has a child out of wedlock. Family falls into financial ruin, loses its religious faith and the respect of the town of Jefferson, and many of them die tragically. *Title taken from Macbeth by Shakespeare written in 1606
question

declaration of independence
answer

The _________ _________ _________is an assertion by a defined territory that it is independent and constitutes a state written in 1776 by the Second Continental Congress; the colonies wanted independence from Britain; Thomas Jefferson completed the draft; It was written to King George III and the world to read.
question

john locke
answer

_______ ________ wrote “A Letter Concerning Toleration” in 1689 – was one of the seventeenth century’s most eloquent pleas to Christians to renounce religious persecution; Its initial publication was in Latin, though it was immediately translated into other languages. it appeared amidst a fear that Catholicism might be taking over England, and responds to the problem of religion and government by proposing religious toleration as the answer; wrote “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding” in 1690 and was the “Father of Liberalism”; Enlightenment thinker of philosophy.
question

a death in the family
answer

_______ ________ _______ _______ ________is an Autobiographical novel by James Agee in 1957 and set in Knoxville, Tennessee; about the death of Agee’s own father; America differing cultures and views on religion; Jay says their father has had a heart attack.
question

the cherry orchard
answer

________ __________ ________ is a drama written by Anton Chekhov in 1904 and is the last Russian play by Anton; it was intended to be comedy, but turned into dramatic literature; 4 acts in the play; The play concerns an aristocratic Russian landowner who returns to her family estate (which includes a large and well-known cherry orchard) just before it is auctioned to pay the mortgage. Unresponsive to offers to save the estate, she allows its sale to the son of a former serf; the family leaves to the sound of the cherry orchard being cut down.
question

slaughterhouse five
answer

________ ________ is a Satire and Science Fiction novel written by Kurt Vonnegut in 1969 and is a satirical novel about “some higher meaning” in life; Post-WWII – world trapping the human spirit.
question

critical comprehension
answer

The highest level of understanding that requires readers to think beyond the printed page is called _________ ____________. *Detecting propaganda, judging whether the author is qualified to write the text, recognizing bias and fallacies, identifying stereotypes, making assumptions
question

inquiry chart
answer

A teacher would use a(n) ____________ ___________as a strategy during reading that enables students to gather information about a topic from several sources. Teachers design the I-chart around several questions about a topic. Students read or listen to several sources on the topic and record answers to the posed questions within the I-chart. Students generate a summary in the final row.
question

story sequence
answer

The ___________ ________________refers to the identification of the components of a story — the beginning, middle, and end — and also to the ability to retell the events within a given text in the order in which they occurred.
question

drta
answer

___________ is a comprehension strategy used during reading that guides students in asking questions about a text, making predictions, and then reading to confirm or refute their predictions.
question

informal reading inventory
answer

A(n) __________ ___________ ________________is on-going assessment to address: Grade level reading; Fluency; Comprehension; Vocabulary; Oral Reading Accuracy *Discover a student’s strengths and weaknesses
question

paragraph shrinking
answer

When a student reads a paragraph, then names the subject, then names most important point about subject, then states the main idea in 10 words or less, then goes to next paragraph, they are practicing _____________ _________________.
question

generalization
answer

When a teacher jumps to a conclusion without having much evidence (makes an assumption), she is thought to be making a ______________. “My sister is mean. My friend’s sister is mean. All sisters must be mean.”
question

inference
answer

A(n) ___________is what we figure out based on an experience. Helping your child understand when information is implied (or not directly stated) will improve her/his skill in drawing conclusions.
question

robert stevenson
answer

_________ _________ is the author of the Gothic novella, “Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” written in 1886; wrote Adventure Fiction, “Treasure Island” in 1882.
question

as i lay dying
answer

__________ _______ ________ ________ is the title of the 1930 Southern Gothic novel that comes from The Odyssey by Homer written by William Faulkner about the death of Addie Bundren and poor family. *Faulkner wrote novel from midnight to 4 A.M. over 6 weeks and did not change a single word.
question

sue kidd
answer

_________ _________wrote the Coming-of-Age novel, “The Secret Life of Bees” in 1964, about loss and betrayal; Lily Melissa Owens, a fourteen-year-old white girl, lives on a peach farm in Sylvan, South Carolina with her father, T. Ray, who is both neglectful and abusive. Lying in bed in her room at night, Lily is often visited by bees that seem to be at home with her. Lily holds a terrible and guilty secret: She believes she shot and killed her mother, Deborah, when Lily was four years old. Her vague memory of that day — when her parents were arguing and she picked up and shot the gun that her mother had dropped — continues to haunt her, and she yearns to know more about her mother.
question

harriet stowe
answer

________ _________ wrote the Anti-Slavery novel, “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”, in 1852 and was the ground work for the Civil War.
question

chiasmus
answer

___________ is a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form. “But O, what damned minutes tells he o’er Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strongly loves.” -“Othello” by William Shakespeare in 1603
question

style manual
answer

A student would use a _______ _________ that has standards of writing and set guidelines, used for documenting sources and “scholarly publishing”; it establishes and enforces style to improve communication.
question

gustave flaubert
answer

___________ ___________wrote Literary Realism novel, “Madame Bovary”, in 1852 about a character that lives beyond her means in order to escape the banalities and emptiness of provincial life; She has a highly romanticized view of the world and craves beauty, wealth, passion, as well as high society. It is the disparity between these romantic ideals and the realities of her country life that drive most of the novel, leading her into two affairs and to accrue an insurmountable amount of debt that eventually leads to her suicide.
question

charlotte perkins
answer

__________ ___________ wrote the Captivity Narrative short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” in 1892- the best piece written after post-partum psychosis. This author was a feminist/social reformist who focused on women becoming more independent in the urban environment.
question

virgil
answer

____________ was the greatest poet of the Golden Age that wrote the “Aeneid”; the “Homer of Rome”; the “Iliad” and the “Odyssey” served as models for his epic; it took 10 years to write; ancient Roman poet (30 BC).
question

alexandre dumas
answer

_________ ___________was the Victorian Period author who wrote the Adventure Fiction novel, “The Count of Monte Cristo”, in 1845 and the Historical Romance, “The Three Musketeers”, in 1844; translated into 100 languages.
question

upton sinclair
answer

____________ ____________ was a muckraker who shocked the nation when he published the Political Fiction novel in 1962, “The Jungle”, that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago; the book was fictional, but based on the things Sinclair had seen. *Political activist and he attacked JP Morgan
question

the jungle
answer

___________ _____________ is a Political Fiction novel written in 1906 by Upton Sinclair about the abuses of the meat packing industry and it led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act. “Working class poverty, hopelessness among workers”
question

rudyard kipling
answer

__________ __________wrote the Children’s Literature stories featured in, “The Jungle Book” of 1894; major theme in the book is abandonment followed by fostering, as in the life of Mowgli, echoing the author’s own childhood.
question

andrew marvell
answer

_________ __________ wrote the Metaphysical poem (being, existence, reality) “To His Coy Mistress” in 1681.
question

blank verse
answer

__________ __________ is poetry with unrhymed iambic pentameter. *3/4 of all English poetry uses this.
question

free verse
answer

Poetry that does not have regular meter and does not have rhyme scheme is called _________ __________.
question

prose
answer

Writing that is written or spoken language in its ordinary form and has grammatical structure, or the “natural flow of speech” – without metrical structure is called ____________. “The woods look lovely against the setting darkness and as I gaze into the mysterious depths of the forest, I feel like lingering here longer. However, I have pending appointments to keep, and much distance to cover before I settle in for the night, or else I will be late for all of them.”
question

the woman warrior
answer

__________ ________ _________ is a Chinese Folktale written by Maxine Hong Kingston in 1976 that is a collection of memoirs for the purpose of feminism and ethnicity.
question

george herbert
answer

___________ ___________was a priest in 1620 who wrote the poem, “Easter Wings” – came from posthumous collection, “The Temple” in 1633. It was originally formatted sideways on facing pages and is in the tradition of shaped poems that goes back to ancient Greek sources.
question

james joyce
answer

_________ _________ wrote the Modernist novel, Ulysses, in 1922 and he was an influential Irish writer noted for his many innovations noted for “Stream of Consciousness”; is the Latin name of Odysseus, the hero of Homer’s epic poem Odyssey, and the novel establishes a series of parallels between the poem and the novel, with structural correspondences between the characters and experiences of Leopold Bloom and Odysseus.
question

fs fitzgerald
answer

__________ ___________wrote a Historical Fiction novel, “The Great Gatsby” in 1920, during the Lost Generation period, or Jazz Age, that featured boot leg alcohol; is a story told by Nick Carraway, who was once Gatsby’s neighbor, and he tells the story sometime after 1922, when the incidents that fill the book take place. As the story opens, Nick has just moved from the Midwest to West Egg, Long Island, seeking his fortune as a bond salesman.
question

kate chopin
answer

__________ __________ wrote Psychological Fiction novels, “The Story of an Hour” in 1894 and “The Awakening” in 1899; her husband died, and she mothered 8 kids; was a Women’s Rights activists; the church did not like her. *Works set in Louisiana
question

ayn rand
answer

__________ __________ wrote the Science Fiction novella, “Anthem”, in 1938, a Dystopian novella that focused on Individualism vs Collectivism; takes place in some unspecified future time and place in which freedom and individual rights have been obliterated. Collectivism — the political philosophy holding that an individual exists solely to serve the state — is dominant and has led to the establishment of a global dictatorship of the Fascist
question

elizabeth browning
answer

__________ __________ wrote “How do I love thee?” and Sonnet 43 in 1845; Sonnets from the Portuguese; a Victorian writer.
question

ralph ellison
answer

____________ ___________ was an African American author in 1952 of the Bildungsroman (focuses on the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist from youth to adulthood) novel, “Invisible Man”, about black identity.
question

ben jonson
answer

In 1603, __________ ___________wrote the poem “On My First Son”, a Renaissance poem written after his son’s death at age 7; he wrote poem, “To Celia”; most important writer of his age after Shakespeare.
question

washington irving
answer

____________ ___________ wrote the 1824 collection of Short Stories in his “Tales of a Traveler”; wrote “The Devil and Tom Walker”; “Rip Van Winkle”; and, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”; He advocated for copyright infringement as he was the first international author; wrote a collection of 34 essays and short stories.
question

headless horse
answer

The ________ _________ is Washington Irving’s most famous character that is a legendary ghost looking for his body part after the war; a creature that chases the schoolmaster out of town in the 1820 Horror story, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”.
question

ichabod crane
answer

__________ ____________ is an 1820 character in the Horror, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”; author, Washington Irving, uses a lot of detail when describing the character. “He was tall, but exceedingly lank, with narrow shoulders, long arms and legs, hands that dangled a mile out of his sleeves, feet that might have served for shovels, and his whole frame most loosely hung together. His head was small, and flat at top, with huge ears, large green glassy eyes and a long snipe nose, so that it looked like a weather-cock perched upon his spindle neck, to tell which way the wind blew.”
question

ponyboy
answer

___________ is the character in the Coming-of-Age novel that said, “He’s hard as a rock and about as human….He thinks I’m a pain in the neck…” and was the narrator of “The Outsiders” by SE Hinton in 1967 at 14-years-of-age.
question

william golding
answer

___________ ___________ is the author of the Fictional Dystopian novel “The Lord of the Flies” during 1954 who wrote allegorical novels – each character represents something (Allegory); Piggy and Ralph are main characters.
question

james baldwin
answer

__________ _________ was an African American who explored racial tensions and homosexuality in America, and he wrote nonfiction essays, “Sonny’s Blues” and “Notes of a Native Son”; First novel war and semi-autobiographical novel, “Go Tell It on the Mountain” in 1955.
question

voltaire
answer

____________ was a French philosopher in 1759 that believed freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government who wrote the French Satire, “Candide”; he also spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.
question

samuel beckett
answer

__________ __________ wrote the Tragicomedy play, “Waiting for Godot”, in 1953 about post WWII Surrealism that had come to play a big role in the arts, gave individual freeing feeling which hadn’t been present in Europe so far; two characters, Vladimir (Didi) and Estragon (Gogo), wait for the arrival of someone named Godot who never arrives, and while waiting they engage in a variety of discussions and encounter three other characters.
question

willa cather
answer

______ __________ wrote the Historical Fiction novel, “My Antonia”, in 1915 that brought America’s west to life and won an award during WWI; It is the final book of her “prairie trilogy” of novels, preceded by O Pioneers! and The Song of the Lark.
question

oscar wilde
answer

_________ ________ wrote the Decadence Movement novel, “The Picture of Dorian Gray”, in 1890 and wrote the comedy/farce, “The Importance of Being Ernest”, in 1895; popular for epigrams; aesthetic: art, beauty, taste; common theme: living a double life.
question

albert camus
answer

________ __________ wrote Philosophical novel “The Stranger” set in Algeria in 1942; He was a French existentialist/ philosopher who wrote about general absurdity of human life – individuals could make rational sense out of their own existence through meaningful personal decision making; Meursault is a French Algerian who learns of his mother’s death by telegram. Meursault’s indifference to his mother’s death demonstrates some emotional detachment from his environment.
question

samuel johnson
answer

_______ _________ wrote “A Dictionary of the English Language” in 1755, and it took 9 years to complete; It had a far-reaching effect on Modern English and has been acclaimed as “one of the greatest single achievements of scholarship”.
question

chinua achebe
answer

_________ ___________ was the Nigerian author of the Historical Fiction, “Things Fall Apart”, a contemporary piece in 1958 by one of Africa’s most famous authors – A member of the Ibo people of eastern Nigeria.
question

edmund spenser
answer

_________ ________ was the author of the English epic poem, “Faerie Queene”, during the Elizabethan era of 1590 (early Modern English); greatest moral epics in any language; epic poems/fantastical allegory; “To fashion a noble gentleman”.
question

lord byron
answer

__________ _____________wrote a short Lyrical poem, “She Walks in Beauty”, in 1550 and was a British poet during the Romantic Period of narrative poems; he compares her to Earth’s natural beauty. The tone of the poem is very romantic, soft and calm.
question

seamus heaney
answer

_________ __________ was a contemporary Irish poet in 1966 who wrote the collection of poems, “Death of a Naturalist”; 34 poems about the loss of innocence in childhood and all things rotting.
question

daniel defoe
answer

________ _________wrote the Adventure Historical Fiction novel, “Robinson Crusoe”, in 1719 – It is the first person narrative of a fictionalized character who, after his initial journeys to the sea and South America, finds himself washed up on the shore of a deserted island near the mouth of the Oronoco river; wrote the Historical Fiction novel, “A Journal of the Plague Year”, in 1722 about a castaway who was stranded on an island with cannibals and captives for 30 years.
question

sir thomas browne
answer

________ _________ __________ wrote the spiritual testament, “Religio Medici”, in 1643 that means, “Religion of a Doctor”, and was a spiritual testament to the Puritan time-period; writings display a deep curiosity towards the natural world, influenced by the scientific revolution of Baconian inquiry.
question

cervantes
answer

____________ wrote the Spanish novel, “Don Quixote”, a 1605 book about a man reading so many chivalry romances that he sets off to undo all his wrong doings and bring justice to the world; Published in two volumes, in 1605 and 1615, Don Quixote is considered the most influential work of literature from the Spanish Golden Age and the entire Spanish literary canon.
question

epilogue
answer

A(n)_______________ is a piece of writing at the end of a work of literature, usually used to bring closure to the work. It is presented from the perspective of within the story. When the author steps in and speaks indirectly to the reader, that is more properly considered an afterword. The opposite is a prologue. *A post-play description of the play is given in a most poignant fashion, describing the gloomy atmosphere after the tragedy befell the two ardent lovers, Romeo and Juliet. -“Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare in 1597
question

prologue
answer

A _____________ is an opening to a story that establishes the context and gives background details, often some earlier story that ties into the main one, and other miscellaneous information. It has wide significance, more like the meaning of preface. The importance of the prologue in Greek drama was very great; it sometimes almost took the place of a romance, to which the play itself succeeded.
question

logue
answer

___________ is a suffix for “speech” or “speaking”.
question

william blake
answer

_________ _________ wrote the collection of poems featured in “Songs of Innocence and of Experience” during 1789, including “The Lamb”, during the Romantic time period of 1800-1850.
question

ezra pound
answer

_______ ________ was a male author who wrote a poem, “The Cantos” that contains 116 sections (cantos); it includes Chinese characters during 1915 – 1962; he wrote a section at the end of World War II while he was interning in American-occupied Italy; it has become known as the “The Pisan Cantos”.
question

sylvia plath
answer

_________ _________ wrote the Roman a Clef novel, “The Bell Jar” (depression, psychotherapy) in 1963 that was semi-autobiographical; The book is often regarded as a “roman Ă  clef” since the protagonist’s descent into mental illness parallels the author’s own experiences with what may have been clinical depression or bipolar II disorder.
question

thomas hardy
answer

_________ ________wrote the Tragedy novel, “Tess of the d’Urbervilles”, in 1891 about “a pure woman faithfully presented” named Tess who loses her virginity before marriage; it challenged the sexual morals of late Victorian England.
question

to his coy mistress
answer

_________ _______ ________ _________ is a metaphysical poem written in Iambic Tetrameter by Andrew Marvell in 1650 and contained a hyperbole – suggesting he spend 35,000 years praising his love’s beauty metaphysical poem; spoken by a male lover to his female beloved as an attempt to convince her to sleep with him. The speaker argues that the Lady’s shyness and hesitancy would be acceptable if the two had “world enough, and time.” But because they are finite human beings, he thinks they should take advantage of their sensual embodiment while it lasts.
question

arthur hallam
answer

_________ __________was the best friend of Alfred Tennyson and was the subject in the poem “In Memoriam” written in 1849; he was dead at the age of 22 in 1833; the medical report on the death certificate listed ‘Schlagfluss’ – that is, a stroke.
question

wallace stevens
answer

__________ __________ was a 1917 author who wrote a book of poetry, “Harmonium”. The poem, “Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird” consists of 13 short, separate sections, each of which mentions blackbirds in some way.
question

don juan
answer

________ is a satirical poem written by Lord Byron during the Romantic period of 1810; The original play was written in the Spanish Golden Age according to its beliefs and ideals, but as the story was translated and time passed, the story was adapted to accommodate cultural changes.
question

kubla khan
answer

___________ is a poem written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1819 that includes imagery; it was written after he had an opium dream; it came from having previously read a work describing Xanadu, the summer palace of the Mongol ruler and Emperor of China Kublai Khan.
question

franz kafka
answer

________ __________ was a 1915 German writer of novels and short stories during the Existentialism period; wrote “The Metamorphosis”, a short story about Gregor Samsa who, after waking up from anxious dreams, discovered that in bed he had been changed into a monstrous verminous bug.
question

the bell jar
answer

___________ is a Roman a Clef novel written in 1963 by Sylvia Plath about a young woman (Esther Greenwood) whose talent and intelligence have brought her close to achieving her dreams, but she must overcome suicidal tendencies; was semi-autobiographical.
question

virginia woolf
answer

_________ _________ is the author of a Modern Fictional novel written in 1927, “To the Lighthouse”, and the fictional novel of 1925, “Mrs. Dalloway”; she used “Stream-of-Consciousness” technique to describe childhood emotions with adults relationships
question

dante alighieri
answer

________ _________wrote the long, narrative, Epic poem, “Divine Comedy” during the Renaissance time period of 1320; As an Allegory, the “Divine Comedy” represents the journey of the soul toward God, with the first part of the poem, “Inferno”, describing the recognition and rejection of sin.
question

inferno
answer

____________ is the first part of Dante Alighieri’s 14th-century epic poem, “Divine Comedy” (3 parts total). It is followed by Purgatorio and Paradiso. The Inferno tells the journey of Dante through hell, guided by the ancient Roman poet, Virgil. In the poem, Hell is depicted as nine concentric circles of torment located within the Earth.
question

ray bradbury
answer

________ __________wrote “Fahrenheit 451” in 1953, a dystopian novel; focused on genres of Science Fiction, Horror, Mystery Fiction; wrote Science Fiction novel, “Martian Chronicles”, in 1950.
question

fahrenheit 451
answer

__________is a dystopian novel written by Ray Bradbury in 1953 that presents a future American society where books are outlawed and firemen burn any house that contains them. Guy Montag decides to buck society; stop burning books; and start seeking knowledge.
question

aldous huxley
answer

________ ___________ is the author of the Science Fiction novel, “Brave New World”, that was written in 1931; he died while taking LSD; his dystopian novels focus on reproductive technology, sleep learning, psychological manipulation, and classical conditioning to ultimately change society.
question

jack kerouac
answer

________ ________ is the Beat Generation author of the 1957 novel, “On the Road”; he wrote about sex, drugs, poverty, and travel; he died from alcohol abuse.
question

harper lee
answer

________ ________wrote the Southern Gothic novel, “To Kill a Mockingbird”, in 1960, that was based on events when she was 10 years old and had adult attitudes about race and class in Monroeville, Alabama.
question

johann wolfgang von goethe
answer

__________ ____________ __________ ____________is the 1808 German author who wrote epic and lyric poetry; best known for writings, “Faust” and “The Metamorphosis”, that centered on good and evil, the devil and God, sexuality and mortality.
question

dh lawrence
answer

________ _________ wrote the autobiographical novel, “Sons and Lovers”, in 1913; the author changed the original title to “Sons and Lovers” to make the work less focused on Paul alone and more focused on all of the characters—on the messed-up dynamics of modern love.
question

norman mailer
answer

________ __________ wrote the 1948 Biographical novel, “The Executioner’s Song” that depicts the events related to the execution of Gary Gilmore for murder by the state of Utah; wrote “The White Negro”in 1957 about connects the “psychic havoc” wrought by holocaust and the atomic bomb to the aftermath of slavery in America. He was a political activist who portrayed soldier life during WWII with brutal realism.
question

henry miller
answer

________ ___________ wrote the Autobiographical novel, “Tropic of Cancer”, in 1935; most of his stories revolve around free sexuality, explicit language, sex, and other obscene writing.
question

ronald dahl
answer

_________ __________ wrote the Children’s Literature book, “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory” in 1964; wrote the sequel, “Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator” in 1972.
question

herman melville
answer

________ _________ was the 1851 author of the Adventure Fiction novel, “Moby Dick”, during the Romantic and American Renaissance period; believed in rejecting the optimism of the Transcendentalists and felt that man faced a tragic destiny.
question

persona
answer

A person’s _____________ is a characteristic involving the thinking, feeling, and overall character of a person played by an actor.
question

one hundred years of solitude
answer

______ ________ ________ _______ ________is a Magical Realism novel written by a Colombian in 1967 named Gabriel Garcia Marquez that focused on the Latin American Boom of the 1970’s.
question

villanelle
answer

A ___________ is a 19-line lyric poem with 5 tercets and a final question.
question

lost generation
answer

During the 1920’s, writers of the ________ ___________ literary time period, focused on a theme centering around the Great Depression and they wrote about the corruption of American culture and how much needs to be fixed. *F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbeck
question

beat generation
answer

The __________ __________ American literary time period concerned the following aspects: nature, sex, drugs, and jazz. *Allen Ginsberg, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Gary Snyder.
question

wuthering heights
answer

________ ________was written by Emily Bronte in 1847 under the pen name “Ellis Bell”; about people who display mental illness not prevailing. *Intense and almost demonic love between characters, Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff, a foundling adopted by Catherine’s father.
question

writing process
answer

The ________ _________ consists of the following steps: (1) Pre-writing -research, brainstorming, organizing (2) Drafting -writing a rough draft (3) Revising – take out sentences; add sentences (4) Editing -self-editing, peer-editing, or teacher editing involves the correction of mistakes in a draft (5) Publishing- submitting a piece of writing to a teacher or to a publisher
question

digraph
answer

A union of two characters representing a single sound “ch” or “ou” is called a ___________.
question

the last of the mohicans
answer

__________ is a Historical Novel written in 1826 by James Fenimore Cooper; it was set in 1757 during the French and Indian War (7-years war).
question

robert burns
answer

________ __________ is a Scottish author who wrote the song, “A Red, Red Rose” in 1791; The poem opens with one of the most famous similes of all time. The speaker is saying his love is like a really red rose that is “newly sprung in June”; the speaker’s love is like a flower that has just emerged from the ground.
question

dipthong
answer

A ____________ is 2 vowels in which the sound begins at the first vowel and moves toward the sound of the second vowel. *snout=ou/boy=oy
question

rhyme
answer

__________ is a repetition of sounds at the end of words that brings rhythm to poems; unlike prose that is plain.
question

rhythm
answer

___________ is a strong, regular, repeated pattern of movement or sound.
question

conceit
answer

A(n) ___________ is a clever extended metaphor that has symbolism and includes a juxtaposition.
question

julius caesar
answer

_________ _________ was a 60 BC Roman general and dictator that was murdered by his former friend, Brutus.
question

denotation
answer

The dictionary definition of a word, or the literal meaning of a word, is called a _____________.
question

connotation
answer

A _________ is an idea that implies the meaning of a word; it is not the words literal meaning; it is the idea or feeling associated with a word. “He is such a pig!” -meaning that he may have filthy ways or eat too much food.
question

ode
answer

A(n) ____________ is a lyric poem that addresses a particular subject; it is often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter; has a serious theme.
question

elegy
answer

A(n)___________is a mournful poem about lamenting the dead and was historically written in couplets.
question

haiku
answer

A ___________ is a Japanese form of poetry that consists of three unrhymed lines consisting of 5-7-5 syllables.
question

metaphysical
answer

Writers during the ___________ English literary period were concerned with abstract thoughts; it was a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the nature of being and the world; strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poems, religious poems, Latin translations, epigrams, elegies, songs, satires and sermons.
question

jane austen
answer

__________ __________ wrote “Pride and Prejudice”, featuring Mr. Darcy and Elizabeth, in 1813; wrote “Sense and Sensibility”; wrote a Novel of Manner, “Emma”, in 1815; and, wrote “Northanger Abbey” in 1817 about manners, upbringing, and morality.
question

jane eyre
answer

_________ ___________ is a Gothic novel that was written by Charlotte Bronte in 1847 about an impoverished young woman who struggles to maintain her autonomy in the face of oppression and prejudice; her love is Edward Rochester.
question

joseph conrad
answer

_________ __________ wrote novellas in 1899, specifically, “Heart of Darkness”, about a voyage up the Congo river that criticized selfishness of Europeans “civilizing” Africa; its main character was a liberal turned to a brute by power in Africa.
question

the secret life of bees
answer

_____________ was written in 2001 by Sue Monk Kidd; set in 1964 about Lily, a 14-year-old white girl who lives alone with her father, a peach farmer, in Sylvan, South Carolina. As the novel opens, she lies in bed, waiting for the bees that live in the walls of her bedroom to emerge and fly around, as they do most nights. T. Ray, her father, is abusive and does not believe her story about the bees. Her nanny and housekeeper, Rosaleen, believes Lily but also thinks Lily is foolish for trying to collect the bees in a jar. Lily recalls her very last memory of her mother, Deborah, who died when Lily was a small child. Lily thinks that she played a horrible part in her mother’s death.
question

victor hugo
answer

__________ __________was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist who wrote the Historical Fiction, “Les Miserables”, in 1862; he wrote “The Three Musketeers” in 1844; wrote “The Hunchback of Notre Dame” during the Romantic movement of 1831.
question

the red badge of courage
answer

____________ is a War novel written by Stephen Crane in 1895; about a man, Henry Flemming, who is a solider in the American Civil War who flees the war.
question

stephen crane
answer

___________ ____________wrote the War novel, “The Red Badge of Courage”, during 1895 about a man, Henry Flemming, who flees the war.
question

william wordsworth
answer

________ ________wrote the lyrical ballads, “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” and “Tintern Abbey” during the Romantic period of 1802.
question

summative
answer

A teacher would give a ___________ assessment to determine students’ academic achievement in each class or course, often for the purpose of grades. *Student Projects; Unit or Chapter Tests, State Standardized Tests
question

formative
answer

_______________ assessment refers to a wide variety of methods that teachers use to conduct in-process evaluations of student comprehension, learning needs, and academic progress during a lesson, unit, or course.
question

imagery
answer

_______________ is used to create pictures for the reader using a description that appeals to one’s senses. *Sight, Sound, Smell, Touch, and Taste
question

allegory
answer

A(n) ______________ is a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning – typically a moral, political one or spiritual. “The Lion, The Watch, The Wardrobe” by C.S. Lewis in 1984
question

symbolism
answer

A device in literature that has an object, person, or situation that represents an idea is called ____________. *dove=peace *water=rebirth *The Lord of the Flies by William Golding in 1954 Ralph = leadership Piggy = intellectual aspects of civilization
question

synecdoche
answer

A ___________ is a figure of speech in which a part of something is made to represent the whole and vice versa. *Boots on the ground = Soldiers
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analogy
answer

A(n) ___________ is a comparison of two different things that are similar in some way. “The comparison between the workings of nature and those of human societies.”
question

moby dick
answer

________ _________ is America’s only Epic by Herman Melville written in 1851 about a wandering sailor, Ishmael, and his voyage on the whaleship, Pequod, commanded by Captain Ahab. Ishmael learns that Ahab purpose it to seek out a ferocious, enigmatic white sperm whale. In a previous encounter, the whale destroyed Ahab’s boat and bit off his leg, which now drives Ahab to take revenge.
question

allusion
answer

A(n) ____________ is a direct or indirect reference to something which is commonly known to most readers- such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art. *It can be historical, literary, religious, topical, or mythical
question

the hobbit
answer

________ _________ is a Fantasy Novel written in 1937 by J.R.R. Tolkien and is a prequel to “The Lord of the Rings” series.
question

night
answer

___________ is a Memoir written by Elie Wiesel in 1956 about Elie’s experience with his father in the Nazi German concentration camps in 1944 in Auschwitz and Buchenwald at the height of the Holocaust and the end of WWII.
question

go tell it on the mountain
answer

______ _______ _______ ________ _______ _______is a semi-autobiographical novel written by James Baldwin in 1953. It examines racism in the United States.
question

the grapes of wrath
answer

John Steinbeck wrote the American Realist novel, ________ _________ _______ _________, in 1939 about a struggling farm family during the Great Depression. It gave a face to the violence and exploitation that migrant farm workers faced in America.
question

the glass menagerie
answer

_________ _______ __________ is a Memory Play written by Tennessee Williams in 1945; the horn on Laura’s glass unicorn breaks, bringing her into reality, until O’Connor tells the family that he is already engaged. Laura returns to her fantasy world, while Tom abandons the family after fighting with Amanda.
question

the metamorphisis
answer

_________ ________ is a Absurdist and Magical Fiction novella by Franz Kafka written in 1915; Gregor Samsa wakes up as a gigantic, incredibly disgusting bug.
question

pragmatics
answer

The speaker’s intent, used to influence or control actions or attitudes of others is called the use of ___________.
question

semantics
answer

The meaning of words and sentences is called the use of ___________.
question

ralph emerson
answer

__________ _____________wrote the essays “Nature” and “Self-Reliance” during 1836, or the Transcendentalist period.
question

jonathon swift
answer

________ ________ was an Irish writer in 1729 who wrote prose Satires, “A Modest Proposal” and “Gulliver’s Travels”.
question

diction
answer

_____________ is a writer’s choice of words. “Wordsworth campaigned against exaggerated poetic __________.”
question

infinitive
answer

A(n) _____________ is using “to + verb”.
question

gerund
answer

A ______________ is a verb form ending in “-ing” that is used as a noun.
question

participle
answer

A verb form that can be used as an adjective is called a __________. *going, gone, doing, done
question

pun
answer

A __________ is a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word. “The life of a patient of hypertension is always at steak.”
question

harlem renaissance
answer

The __________ _________ was a literary period that focused on drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars at the end of WWI in 1930. *Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, Countee Cullen, Zora Neale Hurston
question

irony
answer

___________ is language that signifies the opposite of what is said and used for humorous purposes. “There are roaches infesting the office of a pest control service.”
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erotema
answer

__________ is a term that means “Rhetorical Question”; it is Greek for “question”.
question

point of view
answer

The perspective from which a story is told is called the _________ of ___________.
question

scholarly
answer

___________ writing include essays, research papers, and biographies through the work’s word choice, tone, and effective use of evidence.
question

creative
answer

___________ writing is any writing that goes outside the bounds of normal professional, journalistic, academic, or technical forms of literature. *Poetry and Fiction
question

discourse
answer

_________ is formal written or spoken communication or a debate.
question

source
answer

Always check the author, year, and publisher when gathering information to provide a specific ______________.
question

phrase
answer

A small group of words standing together as a unit and forming a part of a clause is called a _________.
question

clause
answer

A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb is called a ____________.
question

adverb
answer

A(n) ____________ modifies an adjective; expresses a relation to time, a place, a manner, or, a degree.
question

phrasal pronoun
answer

“Each other” and “one another” are both examples of a ___________ ____________.
question

passive
answer

When the subject of the sentence receives the action, it is called the ___________ voice.
question

active
answer

When the action is done by the subject, it is called the__________ voice.
question

nominative
answer

When a noun or pronoun is the subject of a verb, it is called a ___________case.
question

possessive
answer

When a noun or a pronoun shows ownership, it is called a ___________case.
question

linking
answer

A __________ verb is also referred to as “to be” verb. It helps describe a subject by connecting it to a noun or adjective. *am; are; is
question

auxiliary
answer

A(n) ___________ verb helps the main verb express its meaning. *be, do, have, will, shall
question

split infinitive
answer

A ___________ __________ is when one splits an infinitive and puts something (usually an adverb) between the two parts. *to+adverb+verb
question

portmanteau
answer

A ________ is a word blending the sounds and combining the meanings of two others. *smog=smoke and fog *brunch=breakfast and lunch
question

interrogative
answer

A type of sentence that asks a question is called a(n) __________________ sentence.
question

declarative
answer

A ____________sentence makes a statement.
question

anglo saxon
answer

The ___________ __________ literary time period of 600 years lasted from 410-1066; it included included “Beowulf” and “The Wanderer”.
question

cognate
answer

A ______ has the same linguistic derivation as another word; from the same original word or root. “Actor” = English and “Actor” = Spanish
question

synthetic
answer

____________ language has morphemes that do not stand alone, but join with other morphemes. *Old English – “Beowulf”
question

analytical
answer

____________language primarily conveys relationships between words in sentences by way of helper words (particles, prepositions, etc.) and word order, as opposed to utilizing inflections (changing the form of a word to convey its role in the sentence).
question

syntax
answer

___________ makes up the language rules; the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.
question

morphology
answer

____________ is the study of form and structure of words. *root words, prefixes, suffixes, parts of speech, stresses, implied context
question

phonetics
answer

____________ is the study of speech sounds. “Dad” is spelled the way it sounds: D-A-D
question

cycle map
answer

A teacher would use a ________ _________ as a type of graphic organizer that describes a rotating sequence. *Science facts: water to evaporation to precipitation.
question

matrix
answer

A teacher would use a __________ chart to condense and organize data; it is a table made up of rows and columns that present data visually.
question

metacognition
answer

_____________ is the awareness and understanding of one’s own thought processes; self-evaluation of thinking; or, one’s thinking about his or her own thinking.
question

the crucible
answer

_________ _________ is an Allegory writtein in 1953 by Arthur Miller about the 1692 Salem witch trials; about protesting the McCarthy anti-Communist “witch-hunts” of the early 1950’s; Elizabeth Proctor fires servant Abigail Williams after she finds out Abigail had an affair with her husband. In response, Abigail accuses Elizabeth of witchcraft. She stands trial and is acquitted, but then another girl accuses her husband, John, and as he refuses to turn in others.
question

the call of the wild
answer

________ ______ _______ _________ ________ is an Adventure Novel written by Jack London written in 1903 about a pampered dog (Buck); he must adjust to the harsh realities of life in the North as he struggles with his recovered wild instincts; he finds a master, John Thorton, who treats him right.
question

john updike
answer

____________ ___________ wrote “The Rabbit Series” in 1960; the first novel, “Rabbit Run” depicts 3 months in the life of a 26-year-old former high school basketball player named Harry ‘Rabbit’ Angstrom, and his attempts to escape the constraints of his life.
question

paradise lost
answer

_________ _________ is an Epic poem written in 1667 by John Milton that focuses on “Man’s Disobedience”; the Christian story about the rise of man: the temptation of Adam and Eve by Satan and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
question

poor richards almanack
answer

Ben Franklin is known for writing the_______ _________ __________, in 1732, which emphases industry, morality and common sense. “Love your Enemies, for they tell you your Faults.”
question

revolutionary
answer

The ____________ American literary time period was from 1763-1789. *Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, John Adams, Patrick Henry.
question

the raven
answer

_________ _________ was a narrative poem written by Edgar Allan Poe in 1845; has a supernatural atmosphere; ONCE upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary.
question

the prairie
answer

________ __________ is an Adventure Fiction written by James Cooper in 1827; a fictitious frontier hero, Bumppo, is never called by his name, but is instead referred to as “the trapper” or “the old man.
question

evangeline
answer

______________ is an Epic poem written in 1847 by Henry Longfellow; “The Tale of Acadie”; it has ties to Louisiana.
question

leaves of grass
answer

_________ ________ ________ was written in 1855 as part of Walt Whitman’s poetry collection that included 12 poems; Included poem, “Song of Myself”; it is written in Free Verse.
question

walden
answer

______________ is a Transcendentalist Memoir by Henry David Thoreau written in 1854; it is a personal account of his life spent in a cabin on the edge of a pond, where he lived simply and found truth.
question

king lear
answer

________ _______ is a Tragedy written by Shakespeare in 1606; the hero had a gradual descent into madness and he was betrayed and mistreated by two of his scheming daughters.
question

the god of small things
answer

______ _______ ______ _________ ______ is a 1997 fictional novel by Arundhati Roy about an Indian woman whose childhood experience of fraternal twins; their lives are destroyed by the “Love Laws” that lay down “Who should be loved, and how much”.
question

george orwell
answer

__________ _____________ wrote political satires, “Animal Farm” and “1984” in 1945 – both allegorical works. “Absolute power corrupts absolutely”
question

mein kampf
answer

_______ _________ is a 1925 autobiographical book by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler. The work describes the process by which Hitler became antisemitic and outlines his political ideology and future plans for Germany; title means “my struggle”.
question

the american scholar
answer

________ _________ _________is an 1837 speech by Ralph Waldo Emerson who urged his fellow citizens to break free from tradition and expand their spiritual awareness; he issued a declaration of literary independence; he urged American authors to free themselves from the ‘courtly muse’ of Old Europe and find inspiration in the experiences of ordinary Americans. *Speech given to Cambridge
question

don quixote
answer

_______ _________ is a Spanish novel written by Miguel Cervantes in two parts in 1605 and 1615; it is a satire that pokes fun at the tales of her relic nights and at Spanish society.
question

rene descartes
answer

___________ _________ is the author of “Discourse on the Method” written in 1637; said: “I think, therefore, I am.”; developed a philosophy of two different worlds – a material world and a world of the mind. He combined his ideas with Bacon to form the scientific method.
question

matsuo basho
answer

________ __________ wrote “Narrow Road to the Interior” in a 1670; a Zen Buddhist who wrote Japanese haiku poems.
question

war and peace
answer

_________ ________ _______ is a Historical Fiction novel written by Leo Tolstoy in 1869 focusing on the French invasion of Russia.
question

jean rousseau
answer

_________ _________wrote a nonfiction book in 1762 called “The Social Contract”; wrote about society’s corruption caused by the revival of sciences and art instead of it’s improvement; fought for freedom and natural rights.
question

magical realism
answer

__________ ___________ is a genre in which realistic details, events, settings, characters, and dialogue are interwoven with magical, bizarre, fantastic, or supernatural elements.
question

horror
answer

____________ is a genre of ghosts, monsters, or other dangerous characters; genre’s purpose is to provide a fright to the reader.
question

animal farm
answer

_________ ___________ is a dystopian and allegorical novel written by George Orwell in 1945 with the theme of “some animals are more equal than others”; featured “Old Major” – a boar; Russia/USSR; a group of barnyard animals revolt against their vicious human master, only to submit to a tyranny erected by their own kind, can fairly be said to have become a universal drama.
question

gullivers travels
answer

__________ __________ is a satire and fantasy novel written by Jonathan Swift in 1726 about the government through Lilliputians and Brobdingnag; is an adventure story (in reality, a misadventure story) involving several voyages of Lemuel, a ship’s surgeon, who, because of a series of mishaps en route to recognized ports, ends up, instead, on several unknown islands living with people and animals of unusual sizes, behaviors, and philosophies, but who, after each adventure, is somehow able to return to his home in England where he recovers from these unusual experiences and then sets out again on a new voyage.
question

murders in the rue morgue
answer

________ _______ ________ ________ _______ is a fictional Detective short written by Edgar Allan Poe in 1841, that has been recognized as the first modern detective story.
question

the mystery of edwin drood
answer

________ _________ _________ __________ __________ is the fictional Mystery novel written by Charles Dickens, a 1870; it was unfinished and Dickens’ last written novel; involved a murder in a tacky English touring company.
question

narrative
answer

When a work is written that tells a story, it is called a __________.
question

brave new world
answer

_________ __________ _________ is a Science Fiction novel written in 1932 by Aldous Huxley about a pill created by a genius; he warns of giving the state control; people must eventually face the truth; includes reproductive technology, sleep-learning, and other psychological aspects.
question

shirley jackson
answer

_________ _________ wrote the Short Story, “The Lottery”, in 1948; What kind of lottery is this, exactly? There are five people total in the Hutchinson family. Mr. Summers places five slips of paper into the box and each member of the family draws. Tess (Mrs. Hutchinson) draws a slip of paper with a big black dot in the center. The villagers advance on her, and it becomes crystal clear what the prize for the lottery really is: a stoning. Tess protests in vain as the villagers attack her.
question

folktale
answer

___________ is a story that is usually passed down orally and becomes part of a community’s tradition; has characteristics of the time and place in which the stories are told.
question

sonnet
answer

A ______________ is a 14-line poem written in iambic pentameter that is Latin for “a sound”; derived from Italy.
question

dramatic monologue
answer

A __________ ___________ is a type of poem where a speaker addresses a silent or absent listener; a high-intensity emotion is present. “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” by TS Eliot in 1915
question

verse
answer

A single line of poetry is called a _________.
question

stream of consciousness
answer

__________ of _________ is a literary technique that presents the thoughts and feelings of a character as they occur. “She remembered once throwing a shilling into the Serpentine. But every one remembered; what she loved was this, here, now, in front of her; the fat lady in the cab. Did it matter then, she asked herself, walking towards Bond Street, did it matter that she must inevitably cease completely.” “Mrs. Dalloway” by Virginia Wolf in 1925
question

quatrain
answer

4 line stanza
question

quintet
answer

5 line stanza
question

sestet
answer

6 line stanza
question

septet
answer

7 line stanza
question

hubris
answer

_______________ means excessive pride or self-confidence, and it is the ultimate downfall of hero within a story. “Macbeth” by William Shakespeare in 1606
question

frame
answer

A ___________ story is a story within a story with a more emphasized second story. “The Canterbury Tales” by Chaucer in 1476 “Wuthering Heights” by Emily Bronte in 1874
question

genre
answer

____________ is the major category into which a literary work fits it is characterized by form, style, and subject matter.
question

malapropism
answer

A _______________ is the unintentional misuse of a word by confusing the word with one that sounds similar. “Alcoholics Unanimous” instead of “Alcoholics Anonymous”. – former Mayor of Chicago
question

onomatopoeia
answer

A(n) _________________ is a word that imitates the sound it represents, or a natural sound. *slam, splash, bam, babble, warble, gurgle, mumble and belch
question

moral
answer

A ____________ is a practical lesson within a fable that focuses on right versus wrong. *Generosity; Integrity; Honesty; Kindness
question

existentialism
answer

The ______________English literary time period featured philosophy that focuses on existence, freedom and choice from 1908-1961. *Franz Kafka; Albert Camus; Fyodor Dostoevsky
question

enjambment
answer

A(n) _______________ is a run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next. *Breathless with adoration; the broad sun Is sinking down in its tranquility… -William Wordsworth 1807
question

caesura
answer

A ___________ was developed by the The Anglo-Saxon people and is a pause in the middle of a line of verse. “I hear lake water lapping || with low sounds by the shore…” -William Yeats 1919
question

william yeats
answer

_____________ ______________ was an Irish writer of poems: “The Second Coming” in 1919; “Easter, 1916”; “The Tower”; and, “A Vision” in 1925.
question

antithesis
answer

A(n) _______________ is two opposite ideas that are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect. “Hatred stirs up strife, but love covers all sins.”
question

thesis
answer

In expository writing, a _______________ is a statement or theory put forward as a premise to be proved or argued; a theory or proposal.
question

john dewey
answer

____________ ____________ believed in inquiry-based learning in 1900; he was a philosopher who believed in “learning by doing”. “Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.”
question

albert bandura
answer

__________ ____________ believed in the social cognitive theory: behavior, social cognitive; the 1925 advocate of social learning and was the pioneer of Observational Learning. *BoBo Dolls-adults demonstrated ‘appropriate’ play with dolls, children mimicked play
question

lev vygotsky
answer

__________ ___________ is a 1920 Russian psychologist credited with the “Zone of Proximal Development”: What I can do; What I can do with help; What I can not do.
question

jean piaget
answer

__________ _____________ formed the “Stages of Cognitive Development” and detailed observational studies of cognition in children in 1950: sensior-motor; pre-operational; concrete operational; formal operational.
question

lawrence kohlberg
answer

__________ __________ known as a cognitive-developmental psychologist; he proposed that the development of moral reasoning is characterized by a sequence of six stages grouped into three general levels of morality: pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional.
question

section 504
answer

__________ _________ is a 1973 federal law (Wright’s Law) that prohibits the denial of participation in, benefits of, or discrimination in any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance because of a documented disability, history of a disability, or the appearance of having a disability. *May receive accommodations/modifications without an IEP.
question

portfolio
answer

A____________ is a collection of documents selected for a particular purpose which may contain reflection on the contents of the documents or the related purpose; evaluating coursework quality and academic achievements.
question

convention
answer

The____________ of writing refers to the mechanical correctness of the piece; spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization; paragraphing; helps make student’s writing clear and understandable.
question

fluently
answer

When a student is reading smoothly, quickly, and with expression, he or she is reading ___________. *Student can read aloud with expression and decode text
question

decoding
answer

__________refers to the process of translating a printed word into a sound; a word identification skill. *Teacher gives assessment: asking students to translate printed pseudo-words or printed unfamiliar words into sounds.
question

think aloud
answer

A teacher would use a ________ _____________ , known as “eavesdropping on someone’s thinking process”, as a strategy to verbalize aloud his or her thoughts while students read a text selection orally; it allows teachers to model how skilled readers construct meaning from a text.
question

scaffolding
answer

___________ refers to a variety of instructional techniques used to move students progressively toward stronger understanding and, ultimately, greater independence in the learning process developed by Jerome Bruner. *The teacher gradually backs off little by little until the student is able to independently conquer the assessment on their own
question

choral reading
answer

When two or more students are reading aloud from the same text in unison to enhance oral reading fluency, they are practicing ___________ ___________.
question

ad hoc group work
answer

_____________ ___________ __________ __________ is Latin for “to this” and “arranged a particular way for a particular purpose”; teacher allow students to form their own small groups to complete a short-term task.
question

socratic seminar
answer

A _________ __________ is a teacher-led discussion strategy where the teacher engages students in dialogues responding to questions with questions. *Open ended questions to articulate higher order thoughts
question

cooperative learning
answer

Teachers should utilize the ________ ________technique so that students can work with a small group of peers and set a common goal to help one another learn.
question

formal
answer

A(n) ___________assessment is pre-planned and systematic; It asks: What have students learned; It evaluates the student’s current level of performance; compares students performance across a broad range (SAT). *Standardized tests, Essay Tests, ACT, Weekly Tests, Norm-referenced Tests
question

informal assessment
answer

A(n) __________ __________ includes immediate feedback; it is ongoing; in a student’s natural environment; has no rigid rules or procedures; it provides students with their progress over time. *Brainstorming, Checklists, Debates, graphic organizer, journal, interview, peer questioning, short quiz, survey, think-pair-share, charts, portfolio, running record
question

summative assessment
answer

A __________ __________takes place after the learning has been completed and provides information and feedback that sums up the teaching and learning process. *Chapter tests, state assessments, benchmark assessments, report cards, term papers, final exams, evaluations
question

holistic
answer

A ___________ rubric is used by teachers to assess students’ work as a whole after instruction occurs; measures the overall structure/quality of the work; rubric with scoring guide (1-5 score).
question

analytical rubric
answer

A(n) __________ _________breaks down the characteristics of an assignment into parts. *chart of the plot: setting, characters, events
question

literature circle
answer

A ________ ________ is when small groups of students gather together to discuss a piece of literature in depth. The discussion is guided by students’ response to what they have read. You may hear talk about events and characters in the book, the author’s craft, or personal experiences related to the story.
question

prometheus unbound
answer

_______ ________ is a 4-act lyrical drama written by Percy Shelley in 1820 and is a major allusion in Frankenstein; character defies gods
question

graymalkin
answer

_____________ means “gray cat” and is a demon helper in the form of a cat that is the first witch’s “familiar” in the play Macbeth by Shakespeare; In the opening scene of Macbeth, one of the three witches planning to meet with Macbeth suddenly announces, “I come, Graymalkin.” The witch is responding to the summons of her familiar, or guardian spirit, which is embodied in the form of a cat. Shakespeare’s “graymalkin” literally means “gray cat.”
question

ere
answer

__________ a word that means “Before” and is used by J.R.R. Tolkien.
question

camelot
answer

A ______________ is a castle and court; associated with the legendary King Arthur; held 150 nights at round table
question

thomas gray
answer

________ __________wrote famous Elegy, “Written in a Country Churchyard” in 1751.
question

peyton place
answer

____________ _________ is the the best-selling novel by Grace Metalious written in 1956 involving sexual frankness; town in New England; the passions, lies and cruelties that simmer beneath the surface of a postcard-perfect tow; The plot follows the lives of three women: lonely and repressed Constance MacKenzie; her illegitimate daughter Allison; and her employee Selena Cross, a girl from across the tracks, or “from the shacks.” Several characters and events were drawn from events in nearby towns and people Metalious actually knew. Selena Cross was based on Barbara Roberts, a 16-year-old girl from the village of Gilmanton Ironworks, who murdered her father Sylvester after years of sexual abuse and buried his body under a sheep pen.
question

great expectations
answer

_______ _________ is a novel written by Charles Dickens in 1861 and is about personal growth of an orphan named Pip; Satis House – Dickens creates a magnificent Gothic setting whose various elements symbolize Pip’s romantic perception of the upper class ambition, social class, self-improvement.
question

the mousetrap
answer

_________ ________ is a murder mystery play by Agatha Christie written in 1952; it is the longest running West End show, it has by far the longest initial run of any play in history, with its 25,000th performance taking place on 18 November 2012; The play is known for its twist ending- which the audience is asked not to reveal after leaving the theater.
question

satis house
answer

The __________ __________ is the home of Miss Havisham, a rich woman, heiress to her father’s fortune, who was abandoned by her intended husband on her wedding day. Charles Dickens book, “Great Expectations”
question

on the death of a young lady
answer

______ _______ ______ _____ ______ _______ ______ is the name of a poem written in 1802 by Lord George Byron; “The conviction that man is a compound of matter and soul, the former being subject to decay and death, the latter being immortal and eternal”; Poem was about Byron’s first cousin, Margaret Parker, who died at around age 15 “in consequence of a fall which injured her spine and induced consumption.”
question

arthur miller
answer

_______ ________ wrote the tragedy play, “Death of a Salesman” in 1949; “All My Sons”; “The Crucible” in 1953; he died in 2005.
question

a dolls house
answer

______ ______ ________ was a controversial play by Henrik Ibsen in 1879 and had a production where all of the men in the play were midgets; focused on social realism in a 3-act play written in prose; “Theater of the absurd”.
question

hyperion
answer

___________ is a Science Fiction novel written by Dan Simmons in 1989 that was set 700 years into the future; Seven people have been chosen to go on the Shrike pilgrimage to the Time Tombs, strange monuments that are traveling backwards through time, on a planet.
question

queen gertrude
answer

__________ __________ was the woman character in Shakespeare’s play, “Hamlet”, during 1600; she was the widow of King Hamlet and is now married to King Claudius.
question

king hamlet
answer

_______ ______ is a character in this Shakespearean play that was written in 1609 about a ghost that was poisoned by Claudius and the Father of Hamlet; he is first husband of Gertrude.
question

alex haley
answer

___________ _________wrote “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” in 1965 and wrote “Roots: The Saga of an American Family” in 1976. “No man has better expressed his people’s trapped anguish.”
question

prufrock
answer

_________ is a poem written by T.S. Eliot in 1915; it is an examination of the tortured psyche of the prototypical modern man—over-educated, eloquent, neurotic, and emotionally stilted.
question

the iceman cometh
answer

________ _______ ________ is a 1946 play and drama by Eugene O’Neill that is focused on Theodore Hickman passionately encouraging his fellow alcoholics to give up their pipe dreams and embrace their harsh realities.
question

rubric
answer

A teacher would use a ________ as an assessment method that awards students for meeting various levels of quality for the individual components of a work.
question

prewriting
answer

_____________ is the part of the writing process that involves generating and gathering ideas for writing and preparing for one’s writing by identifying the purpose and audience for writing *brainstorming, clustering
question

extended metaphor
answer

A(n)___________ ________ is a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem; sometimes includes the entire poem; makes something complex a little more simple. “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost in 1916 “Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare in 1597
question

tess of the d’ubervilles
answer

_______ _________ ________ _________ is a Victorian novel written by Thomas Hardy in 1891 about a blameless young woman’s destruction involving injustice, social class, and men dominating women. *The birds offer images of hope and liberation.
question

web dubois
answer

_________ _________wrote “The Souls of Black Folk” in 1903 as a civil rights activist; characters faith is tested by the death of his first and only son, Burghardt, who was refused medical care because of the color line. Character’s keening cry against the evil that murdered his baby is heart-wrenching.
question

anarchist
answer

A(n) ____________ is a person who seeks to overturn an established government.
question

catch 22
answer

________ ________ is a Satirical novel written by Joseph Heller in 1961; it featured dark humor satire through bureaucracy, loss of religious faith, inevitably of death during the second half of World War II; soldier named Yossarian is stationed with his Air Force squadron on the island of Pianosa.
question

elegy written in a country churchyard
answer

________ __________ _________ ________ ________ ________ is a poem written by Thomas gray in 1751 about the desire to be remembered and missed after death; it ends with an epigraph written to himself.
question

lord of the flies
answer

________ ______ ________ _________is a fictional novel by William Golding written in 1954 about a group of English boys: Jack, Piggy, Ralph, Roger, Sam, Eric, and Simon who are marooned on an island and rapidly turn lawless and bloodthirsty by trying to govern themselves with disastrous results.
question

intrinsic motivation
answer

When a student has a desire to perform a behavior effectively for his or her own sake, he or she is demonstrating_________ ___________.
question

operant conditioning
answer

___________ ___________ is a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer, or it is diminished if it is followed by a punisher; developed by BF Skinner.
question

norm referenced
answer

A teacher would use a ___________ _____________ assessment to compare one’s abilities to other students taking the same test to determine an average.
question

propriety
answer

____________ means having proper manners and behaviors; obeying rules. “As clean as God’s fingers pure or perfect, in the way that all parts of God are flawless.” “The Crucible” – 1953 play set during 1692
question

nclb
answer

____________ is an Act of 2001 under George W. Bush that had Title I provisions regarding disadvantaged students.
question

the giver
answer

________ _________ is a dystopian children’s novel by Lois Lowry written in 1993 that follows a boy named Jonas through the twelfth year of his life; set in a future society.
question

fedora
answer

A __________ is a soft felt hat with a low crown creased lengthwise and with or without a high roll on the side brim.
question

jigsaw
answer

The cooperative learning strategy known as the ___________ technique helps students create their own learning. Teachers arrange students in groups. Each group member is assigned a different piece of information. Group members then join with members of other groups assigned the same piece of information, and research and/or share ideas about the information. Eventually, students return to their original groups to try to “piece together” a clear picture of the topic at hand.
question

chunking
answer

When a student combines small pieces of information from larger sections, it is called _____________. *Concepts can be stored and processed as single concepts.
question

william glasser
answer

__________ _________ was credited with the “Choice Theory” that focuses on behavior being central to our existence and it being driven by five genetically driven needs.
question

the swiss family robinson
answer

_______ _______ _______ _______ is an Adventure Fiction novel written by Johann David Wyss in 1812 about a shipwreck on a deserted island; using teamwork and wits, they overcome the obstacles of nature and man.
question

omniscient
answer

When a story is told from any and all characters’ point of view, it is called the ___________ point of view.
question

the outsiders
answer

________ _________ is a coming-of-age novel written by S.E. Hinton in 1967 about a group of poor kids, the Greasers, who hold their own against a group of rich kids, the Socs; losing two of their own in the process.
question

propaganda
answer

___________ is false or misleading information to further a cause and to manipulate others. “Animal Farm” by George Orwell in 1945
question

holes
answer

____________ is a mystery comedy by Louis Sachar written in 1998 about Stanley Yelnats, an unfortunate, unlucky young man who is sent to Camp Green Lake for a crime he did not commit.
question

Louis sachar
answer

__________ __________ wrote the mystery comedy, “Holes”, in 1998, about Stanley, who has been unjustly sent to a boys’ detention center, Camp Green Lake, where the boys build character by spending all day, every day digging holes.
question

bridge to terabithia
answer

________ _______ _________ is a Children’s Literature story written by Thomas Crowell in 1977 about two lonely children, Jess and Leslie, who escape into the woods as magical creatures and rule as king and queen.
question

bandwagon
answer

A fallacy that assumes that because something is popular it is therefore good, correct, or desirable is called __________.
question

julie of the wolves
answer

________ _______ _________ ________ is a Children’s Fictional novel written by Jean George in 1972 about an Alaskan girl lost on a tundra who must wait until autumn, when migrating birds point the way south, and winter, when the pole star appears in the sky, before she can find her way through the wilderness.
question

Portuguese
answer

Sonnet from the __________ is a collection of 44 love sonnets written by Elizabeth Barrett Browning in 1850 *Sonnet 43: How do I love thee?
question

paul zindel
answer

__________ __________ is a 1968 American playwright, author, and educator who wrote the Young Adult Fiction novel, “The Pigman”, involving the themes of guilt and regret; Characters, John and Lorraine, felt guilty when Mr. Pignati comes home from the hospital, and realizes that there is a party at his house; Friendship is another major theme.
question

mary wollstonecraft
answer

____________ ___________ was a British feminist in 1792 who focused on women’s equality through her writing of “Vindication of the Rights of Women”.
question

samuel coleridge
answer

__________ ___________wrote the poem “Kubla Khan” in 1797 and and the longest major poem, “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, during the Romantic Period; wrote lyrical ballads.
question

denis diderot
answer

__________ ___________ was the 1730 contributor to Encyclopedia and French philosopher during the Enlightenment period.
question

patrick henry
answer

____________ ____________ gave speech at the Virginia Convention in 1770. “Give me liberty or give me death.”
question

common sense
answer

_________ __________ is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine; It claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation in 1776.
question

reason
answer

The Enlightened Age is also known as the age of _____________.
question

ode on solitude
answer

_______ ________ _________ was written by Alexander Pope in 1700 and was about his physical appearance would make him an easy target for his many literary enemies in later years, who would refer to the poet as a “hump-backed toad.”; theme of dying without anyone remembering you.
question

sinners in the hands of an angry god
answer

________ _______ _______ _______ ________ ______ ________ _______ is a 1741 sermon written by British Jonathan Edwards about God being angry and condemning non-Christians to Hell; the danger of being a non-believer and going to hell. Furthermore, only God’s mercy is keeping the non-believers from their damnation, but God at any time can let the non-believers sink into the fiery pits of Hell.
question

george shaw
answer

_________ ________wrote the play “Pygmalion” and the musical “My Fair Lady” in 1913 about human relationships in a social world.
question

conan doyle
answer

__________ __________ wrote the crime novels “The Hound of the Baskervilles” in 1902 and “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes” in 1892; wrote 60 mystery stories.
question

henrik ibsen
answer

________ _________wrote a 3-act play called “A Doll’s House” in 1879; He is often referred to as “the godfather” of modern drama
question

george eliot
answer

__________ __________wrote the novel “The Mill on the Floss” in 1860 during the Victorian period; Brought up at Dorlcote Mill, Maggie Tulliver worships her brother Tom and is desperate to win the approval of her parents, but her passionate, wayward nature and her fierce intelligence bring her into constant conflict with her family. As she reaches adulthood, the clash between their expectations and her desires is painfully played out as she finds herself torn between her relationships with three very different men: her proud and stubborn brother; hunchbacked Tom Wakem, the son of her family’s worst enemy; and the charismatic but dangerous Stephen Guest.
question

harriet jacobs
answer

________ ________wrote an autobiography, “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl in 1850”; one of few slave narratives under the pseudonym “Linda Brent”; Hid for 7 years in a cramped attic and escaped slavery.
question

william thackeray
answer

__________ __________wrote the fictional novel, “Vanity Fair”, in 1850 and was a social satirist and a lover of 17th century literature.
question

notes from the underground
answer

________ _______ ________ _________ is a Philosophical Fiction novel written by Fyodor Dostoyevsky in 1864 about a spiteful person living underground; a novella in the Existentialist period.
question

fyodor dostoyevsky
answer

_________ _________ wrote the Psychological Fiction novel “Crime and Punishment” in 1866 and was a Russian author and philosopher whose literary works explore human psychology in the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmosphere of 19th-century Russia.
question

the story of an hour
answer

_____ ______ _______ ______ ______ is a short story by Kate Chopin written in 1894 about a woman who is told her husband dies in a train wreck. She is happy to be out of her marriage because she wants to leave. Then she goes downstairs and finds her husband standing there. She dies because she has a heart condition and this was too much to handle.
question

louisa alcott
answer

_________ __________ was an American writer and wrote “Little Women” in 1869 about the life of New England during the nineteenth century. A life that was tranquil, secure, and productive.
question

little women
answer

_______ _______ was written by Louisa May Alcott in 1869; about Amy, Jo, Beth, and Meg – four sisters living in New England who struggle with poverty, juggle their duties, and their desire to find love.
question

goblin market
answer

_______ _______ is a Narrative poem written by Christina Rossetti in 1862 about two sisters, Lizzie and Laura, go to collect water at dusk, when they hear the enticing cries of goblin traders selling luscious fruit; be careful of temptation *MULTIPLE FRUITS: she lists all the fruits because it is symbolic of all the many things you can become addicted to.
question

abraham lincoln
answer

___________ ___________ wrote the Gettysburg Address and was the 16th president who was assassinated.
question

mahatma gandhi
answer

___________ ___________ was a 1900 great revolutionary who led India to independence from Great Britain through; passive resistance and civil disobedience based upon Henry David Thoreau’s doctrines.
question

theodore dreiser
answer

____________ ____________wrote the Crime Fiction novel, “An American Tragedy” that takes as point of departure a notorious murder case of 1906; wrote “Sister Carrie”.
question

jack london
answer

____________ _____________, wrote the Adventure Fiction novel “The Call of the Wild” (mastery, survival) in 1903 and the short story “To Build a Fire” in 1902; works focused on nature and civilization.
question

hermann hesse
answer

_____________ ____________ wrote “Siddhartha” in 1922 and it was based on Freud and Buddhism; search for authenticity and self-knowledge; deals with the spiritual journey of self-discovery of a man named Siddhartha during the time of the Gautama Buddha.
question

william williams
answer

__________ __________ wrote the Modernist poem, “The Red Wheelbarrow” in 1923 about reflecting on how important a certain red wheelbarrow is. This wheelbarrow is wet from a recent rain, and there happen to be white chickens hanging out with the wheelbarrow.
question

eugene o’neill
answer

___________ ___________ wrote the famous play “Long Days Journey into Night” in 1956; written about his family; about a hairy ape, made people think about modern isolation, confusion and family conflict; drama in 4 acts.
question

pearl buck
answer

________ ________wrote “The Good Earth” in 1931 and he was known for historical dramas; story about surviving and thriving against all odds; peasant farm and life in China; theme of humility and bravery
question

of mice and men
answer

_________ ________ _________ ________ is the fictional tragedy novella written in 1930 by John Steinbeck about friends, George and Lenny, on a farm who were displaced migrant ranch workers during the Great Depression.
question

eric blair
answer

George Orwell’s real name was _________ _________.
question

native son
answer

_________ ________ was an African American novel written by Richard Wright in 1940 about the protagonist being sentenced to electrocution for accidental suffocation of Mary Dalton; tells the story of 20-year-old Bigger Thomas, an African American youth living in utter poverty in a poor area on Chicago’s South Side in the 1930’s.
question

uncle toms cabin
answer

_______ ________ _______ was the 1853 anti-slavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that highly influenced England’s view on the American Deep South and slavery; a novel promoting abolition.
question

the skin of our teeth
answer

_________ _______ _______ ________ _______ is an allegory written by Thornton Wilder in 1942 about a family’s struggle to survive the Ice Age, the Flood, and modern war. *George and Maggie Antrobus live a seemingly perfect life in suburban New Jersey, along with their children, Henry and Gladys, and their maid, Sabrina. Little do they know that the Ice Age is upon them, the Floods are coming, and War is on the horizon. The story of the Antrobus’ journey deep freezes, pestilence, plague, dozens of wars and even more depressions, and — through it all — they keep moving forward.
question

for whom the bell tolls
answer

________ ________ _________ _________ _________ is a war novel written by Ernest Hemingway in 1940 that tells the story of Robert Jordan, a young American in the International Brigades attached to a republican guerrilla unit during the Spanish Civil War.
question

anne sexton
answer

________ _________ was the 1962 poet of “All My Pretty Ones”; she wrote “The Bells”, that expresses the grief and loss of her parents dying within a few months.
question

anne frank
answer

___________ _________ was a Dutch-Jewish girl that hid from the Nazis in 1943 and was found and sent to a concentration camp where she died.
question

shel silverstein
answer

_______ ________ wrote children’s poetry in 1974; wrote “Where the Sidewalk Ends”. “My hair is reddish blondish brown, but its silver when its wet, and all the colors I am inside have not been invented yet.”
question

lois lowry
answer

_________ _________ wrote “The Giver” in 1993 and “Number the Stars” in 1989; author of children’s literature who explored such complex issues as racism, terminal illness, murder, and the Holocaust among other challenging topics *Winner of the 1994 Newbery Medal
question

maxine kingston
answer

________ _______ wrote a collection of memoirs in 1965; “The Woman Warrior”; she was a Chinese Feminist/Multi-culturalist; Focuses mainly on her childhood and teenage years, depicting her anger and frustration in trying to express herself and attempting to please an unappreciative mother. There are a number of characters whose personalities highlight many of her Kingston’s own characteristics, including a silent Chinese girl whom Kingston torments as a little girl.
question

jack prelutsky
answer

___________ __________ wrote the Children’s Poem “The New Kid on the Block” and was the American author of children’s poetry in 1984.
question

the bluest eye
answer

________ ________ ________ is an African American Literature novel by Toni Morrison in 1970; The novel is set in 1941 and centers around the life of an African-American girl named Pecola who grows up during the years following the Great Depression. “She would finally be worthy of her parents’ love, deserving of the local grocer’s respect, and visible to all those who do not see her.”
question

the martian chronicles
answer

________ _________ ______ is a Science Fiction novel written by Ray Bradbury in 1950; it describes how earthlings watch helplessly as their former planet is destroyed by nuclear warfare.
question

still i rise
answer

_______ ________ ________ is Maya Angelou’s third volume of poetry written in 1978; is a powerful, empowering poem all about the struggle to overcome prejudice and injustice.
question

mildred taylor
answer

_________ ___________ wrote the Historical Fiction novel “Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry” in 1977; sequel to her 1975 novella “Song of the Trees”. It is a book about racism in America during the Great Depression.
question

alice walker
answer

___________ ____________ wrote the Epistolary (series of letters or diary entries) novel, “The Color Purple” in 1982; The color purple represents all the good things in the world that God creates for men and women to enjoy. At the beginning of the book, you could say that Celie has no sense of the color purple. She has such a horrible life that she’s not stopping to smell the roses—she’s just surviving.
question

amy tan
answer

_________ _________wrote the fictional novel “The Joy Luck Club” in 1989; she was born in China, but was an American Writer; She is widely hailed for its depiction of the Chinese-American experience of the late 20th century. Her works explore mother-daughter relationships. Her most well-known work is The Joy Luck Club, which has been translated into 35 languages. In 1993, the book was adapted into a commercially successful film.
question

jk rowling
answer

____________ _____________ wrote the Fantasy novels for the Harry Potter series beginning in 1997.
question

the prelude
answer

_______ __________ is an Autobiographical poem written by William Wordsworth in 1798; contained blank verse; The child of the first stage is characterized by a vague understanding of the influence of the nature’s moral influence because the child is indulged in bodily pleasures; he speaks of youthful love of freedom and liberty.
question

the waste land
answer

________ __________ _______ was TS Eliot’s epic poem depicting a world devoid of purpose or meaning in 1922; has Christian terminology with a mass of clichĂ©s. However “true” he may feel the terms to be, he is still sensitive to the fact that they operate superficially as clichĂ©s, and his method of necessity must be a process of bringing them to life again; The method adopted in “The Waste Land” is thus violent and radical.
question

the road not taken
answer

______ ________ _______ ________ is a poem by Robert Frost in 1916 with a famous extended metaphor about the path he decides to take is not quite as worn as the other one, but really, the paths are about the same, and the fallen leaves on both look pretty fresh.
question

flannery o’conner
answer

___________ ____________wrote the short story “A Good Man is Hard to Find” in 1953; she was recognized as a satirist; she centered her fiction around the concepts of the fall, the redemption, and the final judgment.
question

a farewell to arms
answer

World War I was featured in the famous Literary Realism novel,________ ___________ ________ ______, written by Ernest Hemingway in 1929.
question

edgar allan poe
answer

________ _________ ________ was the author of the poem “Annabel Lee” – the theme of the death of a beautiful woman who is a long lost love in 1849.
question

ernest gaines
answer

___________ _____________ is an African American author who wrote Historical Fiction novels, “The Sky Is Gray” in 1963; “A Lesson Before Dying” in 1993; “Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman” in 1971; and, “A Gathering of Old Men” in 1983; focused on institutional injustice and personal redemption.
question

margaret walker
answer

___________ __________ is an African American writer who wrote the Historical Fiction novel, “Jubilee”, in 1966 about a biracial slave during the American Civil War.
question

english
answer

All of the following are part of the _________ time period. renaissance neoclassical puritan restoration romantic Victorian
question

transcendentalist
answer

The _____________ literary time period was the American Renaissance.
question

claude mckay
answer

____________ ___________ wrote “If We Must Die”, In 1919, the United States experienced a wave of violence and race riots against the African-American community called the Red Summer of 1919. His poem’s speaker encourages his allies to not stand by while in battle, but to fight back. He wrote “Home to Harlem” during the 1920’s; was an African American Harlem writer, sensual, often brutal accuracy, that traces the parallel paths of two very different young men struggling to find their way through the suspicion and prejudice of American society.
question

harlem
answer

Zora Hurston, Claude McKay, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes are all ___________ writers.
question

thomas paine
answer

___________ ___________wrote famous pamphlets called “The Crisis” and “Common Sense” in 1775; he was an English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. *Inspired people in the 13 Colonies to declare and fight for independence from Great Britain.
question

of plymouth plantation
answer

________ ________ _________ was written by William Bradford who was governor in 1630 and drafted the book’s legal code; facilitated a community centered on private subsistence agriculture and religious tolerance.
question

puritan
answer

The time period of the Salem Witch Trials was during the ______________ period.
question

gothic
answer

Another word for dark, romantic literature is called __________ literature.
question

transcendentalist
answer

“Everything is a reflection of the divine soul.” would have be said during the _____________ American period.
question

negro movement
answer

The 1917 period, the ___________ ___________, also known as Harlem, was the renewed the sense of racial pride, cultural self-expression, economic independence, and progressive politics.
question

american
answer

The following periods are part of ___________ literature. puritan rationalism romantic transcendentalist realism modernism
question

transcendentalist
answer

Authors of this _____________ American literary time period included: Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Margaret Fuller Amos Alcott Frederic Hedge Theodore Parker
question

neoclassical
answer

Authors of the ____________literary time period included: Jonathon Swift Alexander Pope Robert Burns Thomas Gray John Dryden Daniel Defoe
question

novella
answer

A story with 30,000 words is a _______________.
question

novel
answer

A story with over 40,000 words is a _______________.
question

short story
answer

A story with under 7500 words is a _______ __________.
question

37
answer

Shakespeare had __________ (number) of plays.
question

.org
answer

A website for a nonprofit organization is written __________.
question

comprehension
answer

These four levels are a part of:__________________. literal interpretive critical creative
question

fishbone organizer
answer

A teacher would use a _________ _________ to illustrate cause and effect; The result or effect is written along a straight line; The causes are listed on lines which slant up or down from it; These can be further detailed individually.
question

acquired
answer

A(n) ____________ system relates to the unconscious aspect of language.
question

.net
answer

_____________ is a software framework developed by Microsoft.
question

pidgin
answer

______________ is a language that develops when two groups of people with different languages meet; it has some characteristics of each language.
question

creole
answer

A pidgin language that evolves and becomes primary language of the people who speak it is called ____________. *French+Haiti = Haitian
question

technical
answer

_____________language is associated with a particular profession, activity, or field of study; It is used in specific professional fields and books. *Writing an analysis of a legal case for other lawyers
question

absurdist
answer

__________ is a genre of narrative that features experiences of characters in a situation where they cannot find any inherent purpose in life; satire, dark humor, incongruity, the abasement of reason, and controversy regarding the philosophical condition of being “nothing.” “Catch-22” by Joseph Heller 1961
question

romantic
answer

Authors of this _____________ English literary time period include: William Blake William Wordsworth Samuel Taylor Coleridge Lord Byron John Keats
question

caricature
answer

An exaggerated description of one’s features for comic effect is called ______________. “Mr. Chadband is a large yellow man, with a fat smile, and a general appearance of having a good deal of train oil in his system. Mrs. Chadband is a stern, severe-looking, silent woman. Mr. Chadband moves softly and cumbrously, not unlike a bear who has been taught to walk upright.” -“Bleakhouse” by Charles Dickens in 1853
question

catharsis
answer

A __________ is a purification that brings emotional relief or renewal and is used in tragedies/dramas. *Brutus experiences this through suicide. He rids himself of the guilt of betraying Caesar. -“Julius Caesar” by Shakespeare 1599
question

american psychological association
answer

APA stands for ____________ ___________ ____________.
question

modern language association
answer

MLA stands for ____________ _____________ ____________.
question

martin luther
answer

On October 31, 1517, ____________ ___________angry with Pope Leo X’s new round of indulgences to help build St. Peter’s Basilica, nailed a sheet of paper with his 95 Theses on the University of Wittenberg’s chapel door.
question

a good man is hard to find
answer

________ __________ __________ __________ ___________ _________ ___________Other Stories is a collection of short stories by American author Flannery O’Connor. The collection was first published in 1955.
question

song of myself
answer

___________ _______________ ___________is a poem by Walt Whitman that is included in his poetry collection “Leaves of Grass” published in 1855 – was highly controversial during its time for its explicit sexual imagery.
question

endymion
answer

Derived from Greek, _____________ means “to dive into, to enter”. In Greek mythology he was an Aeolian mortal loved by the moon goddess Selene, who asked Zeus to grant him eternal life.
question

french revolution
answer

The ____________ ___________ was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
question

american civil war
answer

The ___________ ___________ ___________was a war that was fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. As a result of the long-standing controversy over slavery, war broke out in April 1861, when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after U.S. President Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated.
question

world war i
answer

___________ __________ ___________was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
question

dust bowl
answer

The __________ __________ was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930’s; severe drought and a failure to apply dry-land farming methods to prevent wind erosion.
question

world war ii
answer

____________ ___________ _____________was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
question

great depression
answer

The _________ _____________ was a severe worldwide economic downfall that took place mostly during the 1930’s, beginning in the United States. The timing of it varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930’s.
question

civil war
answer

Louisa May Alcott wrote “Little Women” (1868), “Little Men” (1871) , and “Jo’s Boys” (1886) during the __________ _________ period.
question

american civil
answer

Red Badge of Courage written by Stephen Crane in 1895 was written about the _________ ________ war.
question

world war i
answer

A Farewell to Arms is a novel by Ernest Hemingway set during the Italian campaign of ________ _________ _______. First published in 1929, it is a first-person account of an American, Frederic Henry, serving as a lieutenant (“tenente”) in the ambulance corps of the Italian Army.
question

second world
answer

Set in the closing months of the ___________ ___________ war in an American bomber squadron off the coast of Italy, Catch-22 is the story of a bombardier named Yossarian who is frantic and furious because thousands of people he has never even met keep trying to kill him; published in 1961.
question

world war ii
answer

A science fiction-infused anti-war novel by Kurt Vonnegut about the war,__________ _________ __________, experiences and journeys through time of Billy Pilgrim, from his time as an American soldier and chaplain’s assistant, to postwar and early years. It is generally recognized as Vonnegut’s most influential and popular work. A central event is Pilgrim’s surviving the Allies’ firebombing of Dresden as a prisoner-of-war. This was an event in Vonnegut’s own life, and the novel is considered semi-autobiographical written in 1969.
question

great depression
answer

The Grapes of Wrath is an American realist novel written by John Steinbeck and published in 1939. The book won the National Book Award and Pulitzer Prize for fiction. Set during the _______ __________, the novel focuses on the Roads, a poor family of tenant farmers driven from their Oklahoma home by drought, economic hardship, agricultural industry changes, and bank foreclosures forcing tenant farmers out of work. Due to their nearly hopeless situation, and in part because they are trapped in the Dust Bowl, the Roads set out for California. Along with thousands of other “Okies”, they seek jobs, land, dignity, and a future.
question

dante alighieri
answer

“The creator of Sonnet” is still an issue of argument though Petrarch has been widely accepted as the father of Sonnet as the most popular but not ancient Sonneteer among the early sonnet writers like Giacomo da Lentini, ___________ ____________ (1265-1321) and Guido Cavalcanti (c. 1250-1300).
question

john donne
answer

All conversations about metaphysical poetry must start with __________ __________ in 1633. He is considered the founder of metaphysical poetry and master of the metaphysical conceit. He was not only a poet but a lawyer, priest and satirist.
question

francesco petrarch
answer

__________ _________is traditionally called the “Father of Humanism” and considered by many to be the “father of the Renaissance”. His sonnets were admired and imitated throughout Europe during the Renaissance and became a model for lyrical poetry. He is also known for being the first to develop the concept of the Dark Ages.
question

ralph waldo emerson
answer

__________ __________ ____________ is the “Father of Transcendentalism”. He was an essayist, minister, poet and philosopher from New England—was the founding father of the transcendentalist movement and the creator of many literary works praising nature and its relationship to humanity and creation.
question

jonathon swift
answer

___________ _____________ lived from 1667 – 1745 and he was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin. He is remembered for works such as “A Tale of a Tub” (1704), “An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity” (1712), “Gulliver’s Travels” (1726), and “A Modest Proposal” (1729). He is regarded as the foremost prose satirist in the English language,of his works under pseudonyms – such as Lemuel Gulliver, Isaac Bickerstaff, the Drapier – or anonymously. He was a master of two styles of satire, the Horatian and Juvenalian styles.
question

hg wells
answer

__________ ___________was once referred to as “The Shakespeare of Science Fiction”. He is more often called ‘the father of Science Fiction’ and regarded, along with Jules Verne, as one of the creators of the genre. He was also revolutionary in terms of his personal beliefs. He was a socialist, probably inspired by his own humble beginnings as the son of a failed shopkeeper, and supported women’s emancipation. These convictions often inspired his Science Fiction novel “The Time Machine” written in 1895.
question

jean jacques rousseau
answer

“The Social Contract”, originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights by __________ ___________ __________, is a 1762 Non-fiction book; theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his “Discourse on Inequality” written in 1754.
question

edgar allan poe
answer

_________ ________ ___________ is the master of horror writing. “The Murders In The Rue Morgue” was considered to be the first modern detective story, was published in the USA on April 20, 1841.
question

mary wollstonecraft shelley
answer

_________ _________ _________was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel “Frankenstein” written in 1823: or, The Modern Prometheus “1818”. She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.
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percy bysshe shelley
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_______ ________ _________ was one of the finest lyric poets during the Romantic period; he was married to Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley; he wrote the poem “To a Skylark” in 1820.
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samuel taylor coleridge
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___________ __________ wrote a long, major poem “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” in 1797 – the first edition of Lyrical Ballads.
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george byron
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___________ __________ wrote the Satiric poem “Don Juan” in 1824 that portrayed Juan not as a womanizer, but also, as someone easily seduced by women. He was also called “Lord”.
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william godwin
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__________ ___________was an English journalist, political philosopher and novelist. He wrote the Political Philosophy novel “An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice” in 1793, an attack on political institutions; He is considered one of the first exponents of utilitarianism and the first modern proponent of anarchism; wrote the Mystery Novel “Things as They Are or, The Adventures of Caleb Williams” in 1794 which attacks aristocratic privilege.
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william blake
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“The Lamb” is a poem by __________ ________, published in the illustrated collection of poems “Songs of Innocence and of Experience” in 1776. It is the counterpart poem to his poem “The Tyger”.
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robert browning
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“My Last Duchess” is a poem written by ___________ __________ in 1842; an example of a Dramatic Monologue. It first appeared in 1842 in his “Dramatic Lyrics”. The poem is written in 28 rhyming couplets of iambic pentameter.
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lord tennyson
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“The Lady of Shalott” is a ballad by the English poet Alfred, ___________ ___________. Like his other early poems – “Sir Lancelot and Queen Guinevere”, and “Galahad” – the poem recasts Arthurian subject matter loosely based on medieval sources. He wrote two versions of the poem, one published in 1833, of 20 stanzas, the other in 1842, of 19 stanzas; One of the poet’s best-known works, its vivid medieval romanticism and enigmatic symbolism inspired many painters, especially the Pre-Raphaelites and their followers.
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geoffrey chaucer
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_________ ________ lived from 1343 – 1400, known as the “Father of English Literature”; he is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages. He was the first poet to be buried in Poets’ Corner of Westminster Abbey.
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henrik ibsen
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________ ________ is famously known as the “Father of Modern Drama”. A Norwegian playwright famous for the play, “A Doll’s House”.
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aeschylus
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_____________was an ancient Greek tragedian. He is often described as the father of tragedy. Academics’ knowledge of the genre begins with his work, and understanding of earlier tragedies is largely based on inferences from his surviving plays.

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