Practice Questions 4

question

Values provide the context within which a society’s norms are established and justified
answer

T
question

There is a strict one-to-one correspondence between a society and a nation-state
answer

F
question

The emphasis on individualism may make it difficult to build teams within an organization to perform collective tasks
answer

T
question

the primacy of the value of group identification encourages managers and workers to move from company to company
answer

F
question

the least rigid system of social stratification is the caste system
answer

F
question

in a class system, individuals born into a class at the bottom of the social hierarchy can work their way up
answer

T
question

although upward social mobility was possible in Britain, it could not normally be achieved in one generation
answer

T
question

class membership in the US is determined to a much greater degree by individual background and schooling, as opposed to economic achievements
answer

F
question

in American society, the high degree of social mobility and the extreme emphasis on individualism have resulted in the emergence of class consciousness
answer

F
question

it is easier for companies based in countries with a high degree of class consciousness to establish a competitive advantage in the global economy
answer

F
question

Buddhism has the highest number of adherents in the world today
answer

F
question

According to Max Weber, Protestant ethics discouraged the development of capitalism
answer

F
question

like Christianity and Judaism, islam is a monotheistic religion
answer

T
question

Under the Islamic banking method of mudarabah, when an Islamic bank lends money to a business, rather than charging that business interest on the loan, it takes a share in the profits that are derived from the investment
answer

T
question

Max Weber argued that the ascetic principle embedded in Hinduism encourage the kind of entrepreneurial activity in pursuit of wealth creation that we find in Protestantism
answer

F
question

Confucianism is not concerned with the supernatural and has little to say about the concept of a supreme being or an afterlife
answer

T
question

According to Geert Hofstede, high power distance cultures were found in societies that tried to play down inequalities of power and wealth as much as possible
answer

F
question

According to the World Values Survey, as countries get richer, a shift occurs away from \”traditional values\” linked to religion, family, and country, and toward \”secular rational\” values
answer

T
question

Means an understanding of how cultural differences across and within nations can affect the way business is practiced
answer

Cross-cultural literacy
question

True about culture
answer

multinational enterprises can themselves be engines of cultural change
question

in a social context, the term values is used to describe the
answer

abstract ideas about what a group believes to be good, right, and desirable
question

in a society, actions of people directed toward one another are governed by a set of social rules called
answer

norms
question

a difference in the attitudes of people toward time in different cultures is an example of what individual cultures
answer

folkways
question

True of mores
answer

certain mores have been enacted into law
question

true about Western societies
answer

the value system of many western societies emphasize individual achievement
question

dimension of social structure that is particularly important when explaining differences between cultures
answer

the emphasis on individuals in western societies has led to a low level of entrepreneurial activity
question

implication of high degree of managerial mobility in societies that emphasize individualism
answer

lack of company-specific experience, knowledge, and a network of contacts among managers
question

context of social structure, American society is characterized by a low degree of
answer

social stratification
question

one of the downsides to the emphasis on individualism is that
answer

is difficult to build teams within an organization to perform collective tasks
question

true about the business implications of Japanese society
answer

there is a low degree of movement from company to company among managers and workers
question

if a society emphasizes the group as the primary unit of social organizations, it is most likely to
answer

discourage employees from moving company to company
question

possible downside of emphasizing the primacy of group identification over individualism
answer

it leads to a lack of dynamism and entrepreneurship
question

true about social stratification
answer

individuals are born into a particular social stratum
question

In the country of Burnada, the citizens are restricted from moving out of the strata they are born into. Also, individuals are allowed to engage only in the occupation associated with their particular strata. The system of social stratification being practices in Burnada can be identified as
answer

caste system
question

True about the class system in the US when compared to the British class system
answer

successful individuals from humble origins are highly respected in American society
question

Refers to a condition where people tend to perceive themselves in terms of their class background, and this shapes their relationships with members of other classes
answer

class consciousness
question

Most likely to be the result of high degrees of class consciousness in societies
answer

increase in the costs of production
question

an ethical system that has influenced behavior and shaped culture in parts of Asia and is not considered as a religion
answer

Confucianism
question

in 1904, who theorizes that there was a relationship between Protestantism and emergence of modern capitalism
answer

Max Weber
question

According to max Weber, Protestantism encouraged capitalism’s development by
answer

emphasizing the importance of hard work and wealth creation for the glory of God and frugality
question

a religion that prohibits the payment of receipt of interest, as it is considered to be usury
answer

islam
question

true of islam
answer

islam forbids the consumption of pork and alcohol
question

muslim countries are likely to be receptive to international businesses as long as those businesses
answer

behave in a manner that is consistent with Islamic ethics
question

Mudarabah and the murabaha are
answer

Islamic banking methods
question

what is the common aspect of the teachings of Hinduism and Buddhism
answer

both stress the afterlife and spiritual achievement rather than material progress
question

true of confucianism
answer

in Confucian thought, loyalty to one’s superiors is regarded as a sacred duty
question

Chinese is the mother tongue of the largest number of people, but English is the most widely spoken language in the world. This indicates that
answer

many people speak English as a second language
question

aspect of nonverbal communication
answer

personal space
question

best defines personal space
answer

it is the comfortable amount of distance between you and someone you are talking with
question

true with regard to Geert Hofstede’s cultural dimensions
answer

members of high uncertainty avoidance cultures had a strong need for rules and regulations
question

characteristic of high uncertainty avoidance cultures
answer

they allow a manager to tightly control subordinate’s initiatives
question

a country is characterized with low uncertainty avoidance and low masculinity will
answer

be less resistant to change and less distinguishing between men and women in the same job
question

true of Geert Hofstede’s work on cultural dimensions
answer

his work fails to consider that many countries have more than one culture
question

Which of Hofstede’s dimensions focused on how a society deals with the fact that people are unequal in physical and intellectual capabilities
answer

power distance
question

best exemplified ethnocentrism
answer

Bryan’s belief in the superiority of his culture has resulted in conflicts with his colleagues from different countries

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member