Pols201 Chapter 4 Post-test

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The exclusionary rule is illustrated by which supreme court case
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Mapp v. Ohio
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The supreme court’s decision in Roe v. Wade was based on the
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right to privacy
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Eminent domain is the power of government to
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take private property for public use
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Selective incorporation
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considers the provisions of the Bill of Rights one by one and selectively applies them as limits on the states through the 14th amendment
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____ liberties place restraints on how government is supposed to act, while ____ liberties limit what government has the power to do
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Procedural; substantive
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Which of the following is a component of the Lemon test?
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determining whether government involvement advances a particular religion
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The free exercise clause protects
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the right to believe in and practice one’s religion of choice
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The supreme court ruled in Lawrence v. Texas that the right to privacy
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extends to gay and lesbian citizens
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In the 2006 case of United States v. Grubbs, the supreme court ruled that
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police could conduct searches using such “anticipatory warrants”
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Speech that is accompanied by conduct and that can be regulated by the government to preserve public order is called
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speech plus
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Which of the following statements about the death penalty is accurate
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The United States is the only Western nation that still executes criminals
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In the important 1945 case concerning eminent domain, the Supreme Court essentially ruled that
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the “public interest” used to justify eminent domain can mean anything a legislature wants it to mean
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Civil liberties are
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limitations on gouvernent action
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The idea of the separation of church and state is most clearly associated with the
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establishment clause
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The right of the people “to keep and bear Arms” is based on
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participation in state miltias
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Fighting words fall outside constitutional protection because they
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directly incite violence
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Due process of law is
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the right of every citizen against arbitrary government action
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Which of the following is true to the Supreme Court’s treatment of student speech
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it has allowed conditional restrictions on student free speech depending on the content of the speech
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The Fifth Amendment protects against
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double jeopardy
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Which of the following is established by the Fifth Amendment
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The courts cannot hold trials for serious offenses without provisions for a grand jury
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The most dramatic restraint imposed on the police by the Bill of Rights, which can free those people who are known to have committed the crime of which they have been accused is the
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exclusionary rule

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