Political Science #3 – Flashcards

Flashcard maker : Sabrina Peterson
A ____ is a nonprofit independent group that receives and disburses funds to influence elections
527 committee

A recent comprehensive study of the decline in political participation in the United States found that half of the drop-off could be accounted for by
reduced mobilization efforts.

An election system that allocates to each political party representation in the legislature equal to its percentage of the total vote is called a ____ system.
proportional-representation electoral

From the end of the Civil War to the 1890s, the Republican Party remained the party of
The North

In the case of Buckley v. Valeo, the Supreme Court ruled that
there could be no limits placed on candidates’ expenditure of their own funds, since such spending is considered free speech.

Nonprofit groups that also engage in issue advocacy and are allowed to spend up to half of their revenue for political purposes are called
501c(4) committees.

Presidential primary elections are held to select
state delegates to the national conventions.

Richard Nixon’s ____ strategy was aimed at attracting white southerners to the Republican Party.

The Electoral College is composed of
presidential electors from each state who cast ballots for president and vice president.

The ____ is an example of indirect voting in national elections.
Electoral College

The ____ was promoted by Progressive reformers at the turn of the twentieth century in hopes of weakening the power of party leaders.
primary system

The first party system in the United States pitted the Federalists, supported mainly by ____ against the Jeffersonian Republicans, supported mainly by ____.
merchants; agrarian interests

The outcome of which of the following races is most likely to be decided by voters’ party ties?
a state legislature races

The party that holds the majority of seats in the U.S. House of Representatives selects the
Speaker of the House

Turnout for midterm elections in the United States is about what percent of eligible voters?

What is a closed primary?
an election in which voters can participate in the nomination of candidates, but only of the party in which they are enrolled for a period of time prior to Election Day

Which of the following differentiates an interest group from a political party?
An interest group seeks to influence government policies, whereas a party attempts to win elections.

Which of the following is a relatively recent barrier to voting that is now in place in 31 out of the 50 states?
the requirement to provide proof of identity

Which political party was formed from a coalition of antislavery forces?
Republican Party

Who is the incumbent?
the current officeholder, running for re-election

Why did Republicans spend much more effort building a party apparatus than Democrats in the fifty years prior to 2004?
They held a minority status in the electorate.

Why was Mitt Romney an early front runner for the Republican nomination in 2012?
superior organization and funding

____ refers to an individual’s right to vote.

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