Physics Wave Properties

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
wave
A disturbance that carries energy through matter or space.
wave pulse
a single bump or disturbance that travels trough a medium.
mechanical wave
A wave which is not capable of transmitting its energy through a vacuum.
electromagnetic wave
A wave which is capable of transmitting its energy through a vacuum.
transverse wave
A wave in which particles of the medium move in a direction perpendicular to the direction which the wave moves.
longitudinal wave
A wave in which particles of the medium in a direction parallel to the direction which the wave moves.
surface wave
A wave with characteristics of both transverse and longitudinal waves.
wave speed
distance of wave travel / interval of time
amplitude
The maximum amount of displacement of a particle on the medium from its rest position.
period
Time needed to complete one cycle of simple harmonic motion.
wavelength
The velocity of a wave divided by the frequency. Also the spatial period of a wave from crest to crest or compression to compression.
trough
The lowest point of a wave
crest
The highest point of a wave
phase
Two points on a wave that are one or more whole wavelengths apart.
frequency
The number of complete oscillations made by a wave in one second.
medium
The material or particles through which a wave passes.
compression
An increase in wave density.
rarefraction
A decrease in wave density.

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