Photography

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Counter balance
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Balances the weight of the enlger
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Baseboard
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The foundation of the enlarger
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Easel
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A darkroom device used to hold paper flat while exposing it to light.
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Focusing Control
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Moves the lens up and down to focus
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Lamp
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Supplies the light source
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Timer
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Times the exposure of the photopaper
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Lens
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Bends the light rays through the negative to enlarge the picture
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Diaphragm or Aperture
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Adjustable opening which controls the amount of light passing through the lens
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Condenser lens
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Spread the light over the negative
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Negative Carier
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A clamp like device that fixes a negative in position in an enlarger.
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Developer
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A chemical for developing a film or photographic paper and for turning an exposed film’s or paper’s latent image into an image that can be seen.
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Stop bath
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a darkroom chemical that is used in the developing process to end developing
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Fixer
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A chemical solution that removes any photosensitive silver-halide crystals that were not acted upon by light or by the developer. Makes image permanent.
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Washing
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The process of rinsing of film or photographic papers with water to remove chemicals from them.
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Combonation print
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Another name for a composite photograph, which is made my combining pictures from different sources into a single image.
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Cropping
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by raising the enlarger head up and down you can remove a portion that is unwanted or change the composition of the print.
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Emultion
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a light sensitive material used on film for taking photographs.
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Poly-contrast
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magenta color added to your enlarger, the longer the time for exposure.
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Photogram
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a creative darkroom process that requires no film.
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Photo paper
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a shiny surfaced, light sensitive paper used in making photographic prints.
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Sandwiching
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Uses two or more negatives to make one print.
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Test strips
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created by exposing a strip of photo paper to light in 1 second intervals
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Developer
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chemical for developing a film and for an exposed films’s latent image into an image that can be seen.
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Fixer
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chemical solution that removes any photo-sensitive silver-halide crystals that were not acted upon by light or by the developer. Making image permanent
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washing
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the process of rinsing of film or photographic papers with water to remove chemicals from them.
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Hypo clear
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a chemical neutralizes film or photographic paper. it’s effect is to cut down wash time and assist in giving a more stable image.
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photoflo
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removes water marks.
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Black bag
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bag with arms used to load film into a developing tank without exposing it to light.
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Developing tanks
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light tight tank used for film processing
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Latent
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when an image is recorded on film that can be made visible by development.
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wash
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removes spots on your negatives occur when over agitation occurs
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thin negatives
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over exposed or over processed
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film dryer
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a container that houses film while it dries.
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depth of field
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refers to the distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in image
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rule of thirds
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area divided into thirds both horizontally and vertically. the intersections of these lines suggest four options for placing the center of interest for good composition. the option you select depends on the subject and how you would like that subject to be presented.
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leading lines
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used to help move your eye through the composition
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avoiding mergers
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when the background mergers with the foreground, sometimes bad or good
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balance
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made in a comparison is to place two objects close together or side by side for comparison and contrast
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Framing
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technique used to keep eyes focused on the subject. the environment around a subject can be used to frame in your important subject.
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simplicity
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place the subject against a neutral or contrasting background, only focus on the subject
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worms eye view
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taking a picture from below the subject
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birds eye view
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taking a picture from above the subject
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Pattern
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Repeating elements in a composition either regular or irregular
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Aperture
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the circle shaped opening that opens like a fan in a lens, through which light passes to strike the image sensor or the film.
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Bulb setting
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allows the shutter to be open for as long as you hold the shutter release button down.
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F-stop
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A lens aperture setting calibrated to a number system.
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Shutter speed
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controls the duration of an exposure in a camera
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Shutter
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Located in the camera body and controls how long a film is exposed.

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