PHED 1238 Final Exam Chapter 12

question

A diet in which foods is associated with increased risk of oral cancers?
answer

Alcohol
question

About how many people are diagnosed with cancer each year?
answer

1.5 million
question

Melissa uses sunscreen with an SPF rating of 20. This does this mean?
answer

She can stay in the sun 20 times longer without getting burned than if she didn’t use it
question

To what substance or activity is oral cancer traced?
answer

Excess use of alcohol
question

What is the chief risk factor for lung cancer?
answer

Tobacco smoke
question

What is the most common cancer for men aged 20 to 35?
answer

Testicular cancer
question

What is the name of the substances that cause cancer?
answer

Carcinogens
question

What is the use of drugs to destroy rapidly growing cancer cells called?
answer

Chemotherapy
question

When does metastasis occur?
answer

When cancer cells break off and invade other body parts
question

Which is a source of radiation?
answer

Radioisotopes
question

Which is an example of a cancer promoter?
answer

Estrogen
question

Which is true of environmental tobacco smoke?
answer

It is a risk factor for lung cancer
question

Which naturally occurring substances found in plant foods can help prevent chronic diseases?
answer

Phytochemicals
question

Which potentially dangerous additive exists in processed meats?
answer

Nitrates
question

Every case of cancer begins with a change in a cell that allows it to grow and divide when it should not.
answer

True
question

Excess alcohol use is a risk factor for several types of cancer.
answer

True
question

Exposure to ultraviolet radiation is the primary cause of skin cancers.
answer

True
question

Nitrates in food can inhibit cancer cell development.
answer

False
question

Tobacco smoke is the chief risk factor for lung cancer.
answer

True
question

Unprotected sex is a risk factor for cervical cancer.
answer

True

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