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Personality Chapter 19

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Kelly’s theory of personal constructs can MOST accurately be called
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a metatheory.
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Kelly called the interpretations people place on events
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constructs.
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Kelly’s belief that alternative constructions are always possible reflects the philosophical position of
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none of these.
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Kelly’s early background reveals a
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definitely irregular formal education.
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Kelly became a psychotherapist
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to help Kansas students cope with the dust bowl and the Great Depression.
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Which set of terms is most consistent with Kelly’s concept of personal constructs?
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interpretation and explanation of events
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The notion that the ONLY reality is our perception reflects the
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phenomenological system.
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Kelly believed that people’s attempts to interpret and explain events is similar to that of
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scientists
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Kelly held that
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nonscientists make observations and draw conclusions in much the same way as scientists.
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Kelly believed that the conclusions of scientists should be regarded
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with skepticism.
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Like Carl Rogers, Kelly believed that his theory of personality
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was tentative and subject to restructuring.
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Kelly’s constructive alternativism assumes that
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people’s conclusions are subject to revision and change.
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Kelly would agree with Adler
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that interpretation of events is more important than the events per se.
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Unlike Adler, Kelly pointed out that our interpretation of events receive meaning through
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the dimension of time
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According to Kelly, facts
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carry meaning for us to discover.
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Kelly called the transparent templates or patterns that help us make sense out of the world
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personal constructs.
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According to Kelly, a construct is built on at least
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one comparison and one contrast.
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Regan and Carter are tall; Jeff is fat. Kelly would say that these statements illustrate the incorrect use of a construct because constructs
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must occur within the same context.
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Kelly held that, generally speaking, people
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attempt to validate and improve their constructs.
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Kelly’s theory of personal constructs assumes all BUT:
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an unchanging world.
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Kelly’s basic postulate assumes that behavior is guided by
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present perceptions of future events.
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Kelly’s personal construct theory emphasizes the notion that
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people are constantly changing the way they view events.
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According to Kelly, because individuals have personal investments in their established constructs, they
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are resistant to changing them.
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Kelly’s fundamental postulate of personal construct theory
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is a tentative assumption about personality.
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The idea that people interpret future events according to recurrent themes reflects Kelly’s _____corollary.
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construction
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Personal construct theory assumes that behavior is
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guided by anticipation of events
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Kelly’s notion that a person construes similar events as if those events were identical is what Kelly called the ______ corollary.
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construction
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Which situation best illustrates Kelly’s individuality corollary?
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Kevin likes Miss Dawson, his first-grade teacher, but Ramona dislikes her.
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“Persons differ from each other in their construction of events”. This is a statement of Kelly’s ______ corollary.
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individuality
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All women are humans all humans are mammals: all mammals are animals. This statement expresses Kelly’s ______ corollary.
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organization
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People arrange their constructs to avoid conflicts and transcend contradictions. This illustrates Kelly’s______ corollary.
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organization
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Kelly’s organization corollary assumes which type of relationship among constructs?
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ordinal
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Kelly’s insistence that a construct is an either/or proposition is reflected in which corollary?
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dichotomy
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According to Kelly, a person’s construct system
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is a finite number of opposite constructs
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According to Kelly, the minimum number of events required to form a construct is
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three.
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Kelly’s choice corollary allows people to extend and define
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future constructs.
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Personal constructs, according to Kelly, are
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convenient for a limited range of events.
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Which of these statements would Kelly say represents a construct as opposed to a concept?
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Chris is taller than Pat, but not as heavy.
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To Kelly, our actions are shaped by
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our anticipation of events.
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According to Kelly, dichotomies will ______ a construct’s range of convenience.
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limit
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It is not what happens around us that make us experienced; it is successive construing and reconstruing that enriches our lives. This statement reflects Kelly’s ______ corollary.
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experience
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According to Kelly, a permeable construct
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facilitates change and adaptation.
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Grant tends to see all his experiences with women as power struggles. Which of Kelly’s corollaries is best illustrated by Grant’s refusal to change his attitude toward women?
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modulation corollary
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Kelly’s fragmentation corollary
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accounts for people holding seemingly incompatible constructs.
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Kelly’s fragmentation corollary allows for
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coexistence of incompatible elements
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Feist – Chapter 19 #48 49. The fact that two people may see two different events in a similar fashion is explained by Kelly’s _______ corollary
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commonality
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Kelly stated that people belong to the same cultural group because they
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construe their experience in the same way.
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According to Kelly, people’s processes will be psychologically similar if these people
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construe events in a similar manner.
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While talking with Connor, Matt anticipates what Connor will say next. This event is best accounted for by Kelly’s ______ corollary.
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sociality
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According to Kelly, our pattern of behavior that results from our understanding of the constructs of others is our
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role.
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Kelly believed that our definition of our self in terms of who we really are is
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our core role.
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Kelly called those roles that give us a sense of identity and provide guidelines for living ______ roles.
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core
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According to Kelly, psychologically unhealthy people
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cling to outdated personal constructs.
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Kelly believed that psychologically healthy people are similar to
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competent scientists.
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For Kelly, “any personal construction that is used repeatedly in spite of consistent invalidation” defines
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psychological disorder
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Psychological disorders, Kelly said, result from
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personal constructs that are too permeable or too inflexible
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Kelly might explain client resistance and negative transference during psychotherapy as a means of reducing
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threat
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The awareness of an immediate and basic change to our core structures is Kelly’s definition of
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threat
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According to Kelly, fear is unlike threat in that fear
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involves incidental modification of personal constructs.
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When incompatible constructs can no longer be tolerated, a person is said to become
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anxious.
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According to Kelly, what results when incompatible constructs become intolerable and people’s construction system breaks down?
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pathological anxiety
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According to Kelly, when people act in ways inconsistent with their core roles, they experience
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guilt.
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With Kelly’s fixed-role therapy,
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both of these occur.
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According to Kelly, why should a therapist help clients change their construct systems?
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to improve their efficiency in making predictions
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The purpose of Kelly’s fixed-role therapy is to
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allow clients to discover hidden aspects of themselves.
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Before developing fixed-role therapy, Kelly used an unusual procedure for modifying constructs. This procedure involved
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offering “preposterous interpretations” to explain clients’ behavior
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The purpose of Kelly’s Rep test is to
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learn how clients construe significant people in their lives
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A student is given a Role Title List and asked to designate people who fit the various role titles on the list. This is part of the procedure for the
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Role Construct Repertory Test.
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Personal constructs on Kelly’s repertory grid consist of two poles:
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emergent and implicit.
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Marcel Harper and Wilhelm Schoeman (2003) accurately predicted that
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those using gender most were more likely to stereotype
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As a scientific theory, Kelly’s psychology of constructs is rated highest on its
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internal consistency
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Kelly’s view of human nature was essentially
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optimistic