Personal and Business Law: Chapter 5 Vocab

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
False Imprisonment
A tort in which a person is deprived of freedom of movement
Strict
A type of liability that makes the defendant liable if he or she engaged in an activity that resulted in injury
Assault
An intentional tort where one person threatens to physically or offensively injure another
Trespass to Land
A tort in which another’s property is entered without their consent
Battery
An intentional tort that involves harmful or offensive touching of another
Defamation
A false statement about a person that injures their reputation
Fraud
An intentional misrepresentation of an exsisting fact
Assumption of the Risk
A type of negligence where the plaintiff knowingly subjects himself to danger
Conversion
A tort that occurs when personal property is stolen
Comparative
A type of negligence where the plaintiff’s own actions were partial cause to the injury
Reasonable-person standard
The duty to act with care and good judgment
Judgment
The final result of a trial
Compensatory Damages
Another name for actual damages
Witness
A person who has personal knowledge of the facts of a case
Damages
A monetary award given to the injured party to compensate for loss
Subpoena
A judge’s order that commands a witness to appear in court to testify
Testimony
Statements made by witnesses under oath
Opening Statements
A brief outline of what the defendant and the plaintiff will try to prove
Punitive Damages
A monetary award that set high enough to punish the defendant
Injunction
A court order for a person to do or not do a particular act
Verdict
The decision of a jury
Evidence
Any object a judge allows to be presented to the jury that helps prove or disprove a case

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