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PED 200 Ch 4

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Hypokinetic diseases refer to those that are caused by
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inactivity
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Which is true of the term “sedentary death syndrome” (SeDS)?
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It was coined by scientists to bring awareness to risks associated with sedentary living
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What led researchers to the conclusion that regular physical activity over a lifetime may overcome the effects of inherited risk?
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Twin studies have shown active people are less likely to die early than inactive people
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Which of the following statements is true?
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Coronary heart disease is a type of cardiovascular disease.
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Which of the following is NOT true about physical activity and aging?
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Activity can prevent arthritis
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What category of activity was most frequently studied to determine the health benefits of physical activity?
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occupational activity
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Which list includes only primary risk factors for heart disease?
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physical inactivity, high blood pressure, and smoking
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Which of the following is defined as the inability of the heart muscle to pump blood at a life-sustaining rate?
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congestive heart failure
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Which is NOT a primary risk factor for heart disease?
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stress
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After participating in an exercise program, individuals should expect their resting heart rate to _______________, reflecting a positive training adaptation.
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decrease
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Beneficial proteins in the bloodstream that pick up cholesterol for removal by the liver are called
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high-density lipoproteins
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______________ is a term used for all fats and fatty substances in the blood
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Lipids
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Auxiliary blood vessels that take over normal coronary blood circulation when blood flow is diminished are called
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collateral circulation
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What is the name of the substance that forms a blood clot when combined with blood cells?
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fibrin
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Laura has a total cholesterol value of 242 mg/dl. This value would place her in which category?
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high risk
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Which of the following would represent an optimal/desirable blood lipid profile?
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LDL 60
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A branch of the autonomic nervous system that prepares the body for activity by speeding up the heart rate is called the ________ system.
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sympathetic nervous
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The ________ system is a branch of the autonomic nervous system that slows the heart rate.
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parasympathetic nervous
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Which of the following is true of hypertension?
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Regular exercise helps reduce blood pressure for those with hypertension
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Activity can reduce the risk of colon cancer because it
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speeds movement of food through the digestive system
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Which of the following is true regarding physical activity and cancer?
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Physical activity has been shown to reduce risks of some cancers
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Which of the following is true regarding physical activity and diabetes?
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Physical activity reduces diabetes risk by improving sensitivity to insulin.
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Which of the following is true regarding activity and osteoporosis?
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Activity helps in maintaining bone density and decreasing risk for osteoporosis
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What is a potential drawback of using hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to reduce risk of osteoporosis?
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HRT may increase risk of cancer.
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Which of the following is true of asthma and arthritis?
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Both conditions necessitate unique considerations regarding exercise
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Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding obesity and premature death?
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A person who is both fat and fit is at lower risk than someone who is thin but unfit
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What is meant by “compression of morbidity”?
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shortening the total number of years that illnesses or disabilities occur
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The term “hypokinetic” literally refers to
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lack of movement
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Which of the following is considered a hypokinetic disease?
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heart disease
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Chest pain is also known as
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angina pectoris
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Systolic blood pressure refers to which of the following?
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the top number of a blood pressure reading AND arterial pressure being exerted from a heart contraction
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Atherosclerosis contributes to which of the following diseases?
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stroke
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Which of the following are considered forms of cardiovascular heart disease?
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stroke AND hypertension AND peripheral vascular disease
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Which of the following is true about activity and atherosclerosis?
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Regular activity can help to reduce blood lipid levels
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Which of the following is NOT an explanation for how exercise reduces risk of a fatal heart attack?
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reduced collateral circulation
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How is metabolic syndrome typically diagnosed?
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presence of 3 or more clustered risk factors
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Metabolic syndrome is most strongly associated with which condition?
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diabetes
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Which compound has been shown to be associated with inflammation of the arteries?
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CRP and homocysteine
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All of the following increases bone health EXCEPT
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swimming
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Which of the following is NOT true about physical activity?
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It increases insulin resistance.