Pearson Social Studies, Grade 5, chapter 4, lessons 1, 2, & 3

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Region
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Area defined by common features or conditions
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Climate
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The pattern of weather in a place over a long period of time
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Dissent
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Disagreement
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Proprietor
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Someone who owns land or property
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Diverse
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From many different countries and backgrounds
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What were reasons for colonial settlement?
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Religious freedom, seeking wealth, voting rights, land, trade, paying off debt
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New England Colonies
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Thin, rocky, soil for farming. Primarily traded goods with England and other colonies. Some timber cutting in the dense forests and on the coast they built ships, fished, and hunted whales
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Name people who influenced development of the New England colonial regions
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Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker
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Virginia
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It became a royal colony when King James I took it over
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Maryland
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It was a proprietary colony that welcomed Catholics
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North and South Carolina
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Many rice plantations were located here
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Georgia
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Colonists had good relationships with Native Americans
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Barter
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To trade one good for another
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Export
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A product sold to other countries
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Import
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A product bought from another country
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Raw materials
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Resources that can be made into products, such as timber for making furniture
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Mercantilism
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Belief that a country benefits from trade when the country exports more than it imports
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Triangular trade
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Had 3 parts – Ships sailed to Africa, the Americas, and Europe. Carried enslaved Africans to the West Indies and then to English colonies. Ships from the colonies took fish, lumber, and tobacco to Europe. Tools, tea, and manufactured goods came from England.
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Artisans
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Skilled workers and craftspeople, such as blacksmiths, carpenters, winemakers, basketmakers, and tinsmiths
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Classes
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Society groups, based on their wealth or importance
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Slavery
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System in which people are bought and sold as if they were property
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Middle Passage
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Terrifying journey enslaved Africans made from West Africa to the Americas
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Uprisings
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Rebellions
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Middle Colonies
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Rich soil and warmer climate. Many colonists raised wheat. Colonists dug iron from the ground
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Southern Colonies
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Warmest climate of all the colonies. Land was flat along the coast and the soil the was rich and farmers planted cash crops like tobacco and rice
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Roger Williams
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Believed in religious freedom. Was banished from Boston. Started Providence which was the start of the colony, Rhode Island
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Anne Hutchinson
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Forced to leave Massachusetts for offending Puritan leaders by speaking out on religious matters and insisting that faith in God was more important than church rules. Went to Rhode Island in 1638
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Thomas Hooker
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Puritan minister who wanted more political freedom. Believed all men should vote, not just church members and property owners. Started a colony that became Connecticut
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Name the three Middle Colonies
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New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania
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Kings Philips war
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A conflict lead by metacom
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Treaty
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Formal aggrement
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Pontiac rebellion
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An attack on British settlers
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Proclamation of 1763
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Order by king James the lll
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Ally
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