Pathophysiology Module 11 Assessment

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Causes of secondary amenorrhea other than pregnancy and menopause include which of the following?
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All of the above
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Complications of polycystic ovarian syndrome include
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infertility
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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the cyclic recurrence of what type of changes?
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All of the above
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Pelvic inflammatory disease is caused by:
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sexually transmitted infections
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Which of the following sexually transmitted infections are associated with cervicitis and can result in pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding, and the presence of purulent cervical discharge?
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All of the above
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The protrusion of the uterus into the vaginal canal and possibly outside of the vagina is a condition known as uterine:
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Prolapse
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Dermoid cysts are tumors that contain elements of skin, hair, glands, muscle, cartilage, and bone that can eventually develop into:
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ovarian cancer.
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Pain in the abdomen or pelvis occurring with dysmenorrhea, dyschezia, dyspareunia, vaginal bleeding, infertility, adhesions, and scarring anywhere in the abdomen and pelvis is generally caused by a condition called:
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endometriosis
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Which of the following statements about ovarian cancer is false?
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Women 45 years and younger are at the greatest risk of developing ovarian cancer.
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Urethritis is a common disorder of the male urethra and is most commonly caused by:
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sexually transmitted infection.
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Penile cancer is associated with which of the following risk factors?
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All of the above
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An abnormal dilation of a vein within the spermatic cord is known as a (an):
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varicocele
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The condition in which one or both testes fail to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum in early childhood development is called
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cryptorchidism.
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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) results in
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urethral obstruction
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The most important risk factor related to the development of cervical cancer is:
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infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV)
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Excessive uterine contractions and endometrial shedding resulting in painful menstruation is a result of:
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excessive prostaglandin levels
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To prevent prostate cancer, men should be encouraged to consume a diet low in:
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Fat
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Which of the following statements concerning benign breast disease is true?
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Some benign fibrocysts are associated with the development of breast cancer.
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Which of the following hormonal abnormalities is associated with the development of breast cancer?
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Elevated estrogen
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Failure to menstruate and develop secondary sex characteristics by age 14 is a condition called:
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primary amenorrhea
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Heavy or irregular bleeding that is not caused by other typical causes of uterine bleeding, such as submucous fibroids, endometrial polyps, blood dycrasias, pregnancy, infection, or systemic disease
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dysfunctional uterine bleeding
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Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include all of the following except:
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dyspnea
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Vaginitis caused by infection is often related to:
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antibiotic use
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A cystocele commonly results in:
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stress incontinence
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In a person with endometriosis, where can endometrial implanted glands be found?
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All of the above
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The Papanicolaou test (Pap smear) is used for routine screening of which gynecological cancer?
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Cervical
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In stage _____ cervical cancer, the cancer has spread to other organs such as the bladder or rectum.
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IV
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Risk factors for the development of endometrial cancer include
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obesity, early menarche, and infertility
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Which of the following disorders of the male reproductive system is a medical emergency?
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Testicular torsion
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In premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) refers to which of the following symptoms?
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Significant Depression
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The major endocrine abnormality associated with the development of polycystic ovarian syndrome is:
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hyperinsulinemia
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Which of the following symptoms suggests that a woman should be carefully evaluated for breast cancer?
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All of the above
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Sexual maturation occurring before age 6 in girls or age 9 in boys is a condition known as:
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precocious puberty
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The risk of testicular cancer is greater for men who have a history of:
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cryptorchidism
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Symptoms of prostate cancer are similar to those of:
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benign prostatic hyperplasia
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Which of the following is the most important risk factor in the development of prostate cancer?
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Older age
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Galactorrhea is a disorder of the:
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breast
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One factor that offers a protective effect against the development of breast cancer is:
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regular exercise
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Overdevelopment of breast tissue in males is a condition known as:
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gynecomastia
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The first ovarian phase of the menstrual cycle is the:
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follicular phase

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