Parts of Speech, Parts of Speech

Flashcard maker : Michael Seabolt
A sentence
A sentence
Contains a subject, predicate and is a complete thought. Starts with a capital and ends with some end punctuation.
nouns
nouns
person, place, thing, or idea
proper nouns
proper nouns
used to name a specific person, place, or thing. These begin with a capital letter. Examples: Sarah, Los Angelas, Mars, Cafe Río
common nouns
common nouns
used to name non-specific people, places, or things. Examples: house, dog, broom, happy
concrete nouns
concrete nouns
These refer to people or things that exist physically and that at least one of the senses can detect. You can touch, smell, see, or hear them. Examples: cat, desk, baby, bike
abstract nouns
abstract nouns
These have no physical existence. They refer to ideas, emotions and concepts you cannot see, touch, hear, smell, or taste. Example: love, time, fear, freedom
plural nouns
plural nouns
More than one of a noun. Examples: wombats, candies, mice
possessive nouns
possessive nouns
Expresses ownership. Examples: Blake’s notebook, Alan’s sock, Makayla’s fruit roll-up
pronouns
pronouns
Replaces a noun. Examples: I, he, she, they, it, his
adjectives
adjectives
Tells us more about a noun. Describes the noun. Examples: green slow, five, stinky, tall, round
prepositions
prepositions
Words we use before nouns or pronouns to show their relationship with other words in the sentence. Example: behind (the tree), across (Maple Street), down (the stairs)
comparative adjectives
comparative adjectives
Shows comparisons. Examples: older, safer, louder, more beautiful
superlative adjectives
superlative adjectives
Shows comparisons. Examples: oldest, safest, loudest, most beautiful
verbs
verbs
Words that show action or a state of being. One of these is required in a sentence
linking verbs
linking verbs
Verbs that don’t show action. They link the subject to words or groups of words that identify or describe the subject. Examples: grew (large), tasted (delicious)
helping verbs
helping verbs
Helps the main verb express an action or a state of being. Examples: have (laughed), been (doing), were (lost)
adverbs
adverbs
Tells more about a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Tells how, how many, when.
conjunctions
conjunctions
Connects words and phrases; always followed by a comma
Remember FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
interjections
interjections
Expresses strong emotions. Followed by an exclamation point or a comma depending on the strength of emotion. Examples: Wow!, Yuck!, Yes, Holy cow!
subject
subject
What or who the sentence is mainly about. Every sentence must have one of these. Ex. The dog…
predicate
predicate
What the subject is doing or being in a sentence. Every sentence must have one of these. Ex. …bit the mailman.
Noun
a word that names a person, a place, or a thing
Common noun
Names a general person, place, or thing
Proper noun
Proper noun
names a particular/specific person, place, or thing
Singular noun
names only one person, place, or thing
Plural noun
names more than one person, place, or thing
Possessive noun
Possessive noun
a noun that shows ownership
Verb
a word that can show action
Action verb
a word in a sentence that can show action
Main verb
the most important verb
Helping Verb
Linking Verb
a verb that comes before the main verb
Present tense
shows action that is happening now
Past tense
Past tense
shows action that has already happened
Future tense
Future tense
shows action that will happen
Irregular verbs
Irregular verbs
verbs that do not add -ed to show past tense
Verb 'be'
Verb ‘be’
does not show action, but tells what someone or something is or is like
Adjective
Adjective
a word that gives information about a noun
Article
Article
type of adjective that modifies a noun
Pronoun
a word that replaces one or more nouns
Adverb
Adverb
a word that tells how, when, or where something happens; tells information about a verb, adjective, or another adverb
Preposition
a word that shows the relationship of one word in a sentence to another word; tells location, direction, time, and relationship
Prepositional phrase
Prepositional phrase
a group of two or more words that begin with a preposition
Conjunction
Conjunction
words that join other words or parts of sentences together
Interjection
expresses emotions or sudden bursts of feelings
adjectives

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