Parts of an Essay Terms

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thesis
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the most important part of the essay
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hook
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should be the first sentence of the essay that is very general and grabs the reader’s attention
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A good thesis statement does the following
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states the main idea of the entire essay; is understandable, clear, and not too wordy; lists the two or three supporting ideas that become the body paragraphs (as long as adding them does not make the sentence to wordy)
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The main difference between an argumentative thesis/claim and in informational thesis is
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the argumentative thesis/claim is an opinion and the information thesis is based on provable facts.
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Transitional words and phrases let the reader know
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the direction the author is taking them
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The type of essay that uses an opposing claim is
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an argumentative essay.
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An opposing claim is
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the main idea of a paragraph that conflicts with the opinion of the thesis/claim of the whole essay.
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The rest of the opposing claim paragraph
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should disprove or lessen the importance of the conflicting opinion, which should strengthen the opinion of the thesis/claim of the whole essay.
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Some examples an opposing claim paragraph transition are
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However, / On the other hand, (notice: commas separate the transitional word or phrase from the rest of the sentence)
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The \”Background Information\” between the hook and the thesis statement should
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give the reader some general background information about the topic of your essay without getting into information that will be in your thesis or your body paragraphs.
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The thesis and the restatement of the thesis are written in the following placed in the essay
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The thesis is the last sentence in the introduction paragraph; The restatement of the thesis is the first sentence in the conclusion paragraph.
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A restatement of the thesis should
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repeat the thesis in a different way (either by using different synonyms of some of the words and/or using a different sentence structure).
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A reference citation shows
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any information available about the resource being quoted or paraphrases: the author, publication (book, article, website, etc.), page, and line numbers.
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The following are examples of citations references
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George Orwell, Animal Farm, Chapter 7, page 45-47; Robert Frost, \”The Road Not Taken,\” line 17
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The following things should be in the conclusion paragraph
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a conclusion paragraph transition (To sum it up, / In summary / All in all,); a restatement of the thesis; summary sentences of the body paragraphs; a wrap-up sentence
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After the restatement of the thesis, there should be
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one sentence (for each body paragraph) that summarizes the body paragraphs. The only exception to this is if the essay has an opposing claim paragraph because any point that goes against the thesis will only serve to weaken the conclusion paragraph.
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The wrap-up sentence should give the reader
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a sense that the essay is complete and, preferably, tie back to the hook.

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