online history modual 12

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what theory claims that life consists of competitive struggles in which only the strong survive
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Social Darwinism
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how did U.S. imperialism differ from the imperialism of nations with extrative economies
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the United States sought colonies as markets. other nations used colonies’ resources
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how did imperialist nations expand and protect their interests around the world
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imperialist nations built up their armies and navies
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what contribution did Alfred T. Mahan make to help America become an imperial power
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Mahan encouraged the development of American naval power
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how did people who were Social Darwinists justify imperialism
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they asserted that certain nations and races were destined to rule over others
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what arguement did Frederick Jackson Turner make to justify American imperialism
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Turner said that colonial expansion served the purpose that the frontier had for earlier Americans
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what country opened up trade with the United States as the result of a treaty negotiated by Matthew Perry
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Japan
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what act of U.S. expansion was the direct result of Matthew Perry’s naval journey to Japan
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the United States took possession of the Midway Islands
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how did the United States benefit from its purcahse of Alaska
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the purchase gave the United States access to a rich source of natural resources
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Commondore Matthew Perry negotiated a treaty that opened which country to trade with the United States
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Japan
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according to scholars today, William Seward’s purchase of which territory is a key milestone on Americas road to power
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Alaska
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in the 1880s, how did U.S. businessmen see Latin America
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as a place to expand trade and investments
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who abolished the constitutional amendment that had limited voting rights to the wealthy landowners of Hawaii
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Queen Liluokalani
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why did American planters overthrow Queen Liluokalani in 1893
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the queen had abolished the constitution that gave power to wealthy white Americans
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why did President Grover Cleveland refuse to sign the treaty that allowed the United States to annex Hawaii
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Cleveland learned that the treaty did not have the support of Hawaiians
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in the1880s and 1890s, how did U.S. planters gain power in Hawaii
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they pressured the king and then overthrew the queen
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what was the difference in the attitude of Presidents Harrison and Cleveland toward the annexation of Hawaii
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President Harrion favored annexation, but President Cleveland did not
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what new relationship with Hawaii did Congress approve in 1898
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annexation
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what action let wealthy planters in Hawaii to fear that their sales and profits would decrease
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the imposition of a new U.S. tariff on Hawaiian sugar
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how did American imperialism differ from European imperialism
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America needed new markets for its goods, not a source of raw material for industries
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why was the U.S. annexation of Hawaii delayed unitl William McKinley became President
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McKinleys predecessor, Grover Cleveland, refused to sign the treaty of annexation
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what American argued that overseas expansion was a “safety valve” to keep ambitious Americans content
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Frederick Jackson Turner
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what let to the overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani
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the abolition of the constitution favorable to white planters
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what was the effect of U.S. threats to intervene in a border dispute between British Guiana and Venezuela
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Great Britian accepted the growing U.S. influence in Latin American countries
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what was the name given to the publications that used sensational headlines and pictures to boost readership
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Yellow Press
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how did Spanish authorities respond to the rebel attacks led by Jose Marti
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Spanish authorities herded Cubans into reconcentration camps to deprive rebels of recruits
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what role did Yellow Press newspapers play in getting the United States into the Spanish-American War
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the newspapers printed exaggerated stories that stirred up the publics anger toward Spain
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which event fueled American jingoism and inglamed relations with Spain
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the publication of a letter written by the Spanish amassador that insulted the president
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why did President William McKinely ask Congress for the authority to use military force against Spain
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to end the fighting between the Spanish government and the Cuban rebels
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who led the surpise attack on the Soanish fleet in the Philippines
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Commodore George Dewey
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what role did George Dewey play in the first American victory in the Spanish-American War
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Dewey commanded a U.S. fleet that destroyed the Spanish fleet in the Philippines
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what problmes did American soldiers face at the beginning of the war
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American soldiers had little training and few supplies
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who made up Theordore Roosevelts Rough Rider force that captured Kettle and San Juan hills in Cuba
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the Rough Riders were made up of rugged westerners and wealthy easterners
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what was Spains agreement under the Treaty of Paris in regard to the Philippines
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Spain agreed to sell the Philippines to the United States
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what prevented the United States from taking possession of Cuba after the Spanish-American War
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the passage of the Teller Amendment by Congress when war was declared
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what was the purpose of the Treaty of Paris
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the Treaty of Paris ended the Spanish-American War
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which debate almost prevented the Treaty of Paris from being ratified
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the debate about granting the Philippines independence
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what was one effect of the Spanish-American War
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the United States had an empire and a new stature in world affairs
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what Spanish possession did the United States purchase under the Treaty of Paris
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the Philippines
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where did fighting continue after the Spanish forces in Cuba had surrendered
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Puerto Rico
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how did William Randolph Hearst contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
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his newspapers printed stories that inflamed relations with Spain
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why did American Anti-Imperialist League condemn imperialism
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the league argued that imperialism went against American principles
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how did the Yellow Press contibute to the aggressive nationalist sentiment in the United States before the Spanish-American War
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by printing stories that made relations between Spain and the United States worse than they were
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President William McKinley requested Congress to grant him the authority to do something. What did he want to do
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to use military force to establish peace in Cuba
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why did Filipino nationalist leader Emilio Aguinaldo turn against U.S. rule in the Philippines
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Aguinaldo was angered when the United States decided to keep control of the Philippines
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why did the Filipino insurrection against the United States take the form of guerrilla warfare rather than all-out war
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Filipino rebels did not have enough weapons to fight American troops in all-out war
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what action did William Howard Taft take as governor of the Philippines
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Taft placed dissidents in jail and censored the press
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why did Emilio Aguinaldo lead an insurrection against the United States
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he was not happy that the United States maintained possession of the Philippines following the Spanish-American War
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what method did U.S. soldiers use against the Filipinos that the Spanish had used against the Cubans
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moving civilians into concentration camps
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what initiative did William Howard Taft use as governor of the Philippines to help the islands recover from rebellion
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he extended limited self-rule and ordered construction of schools, roads, and bridges
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who issued a note that started the U.S. expected “perfect equality of treatment for commerce” in China
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John Hay
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what was the goal of the Secretary of State John Hay’s Open Door Policy
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to gain equal trade rights for American commerce in China
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how did America’s Open Door Policy clash with European shperes of influence
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American wanted free trade in China. Europeans wanted to control trading zones
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why did the U.S. send troops to participate in the multinational force that fought the Boxer Rebellion in 1900
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to support U.S. trade goals by helping to preserve China as a nation
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why did President Roosevelt win the Nobel Peace Prize
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he negotiated an end to the Russo-Japanese War
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why did President Theodore Roosevelt sign a “Gentlemens Agreement” with Japan
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to calm tensions created by the segregation of Japanese students in California
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what was the effect of President Roosevelts intervention in the negotiations to end the Russo-Japanese War
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Roosevelts intervention emphasized Americas gowing role in world affairs
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what led President Roosevelt and Congress to support building the Great White Fleet
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the desire to protect the interests of the United States in Asia
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what was the goal of the Philippine insurrection
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to gain independence from U.S. rule
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what helped ease tensions between Japan and the United States over segregation in Californias schools
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the negotiation of the “Gentlements Agreement”
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how did the European system of spheres of influence in China threaten U.S. interests
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it limited the ports for American trade in China
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why did the United States announce the Open Door Policy
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to guarantee American commerce with China
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why did President Roosevelt want support for the Great White Fleet
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to demostrate America’s military power
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what did Congress promise by passing the Jones Act
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the United States would grant independence to the Philippines
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what was the impact of the Philippine insurrection of the United States
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the United States lost thousands of soldiers fighting the insurgency
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what did Congress pass that established a civil government in Puerto Rico
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Foraker Act
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how did the Platt Amendment make the independent nation of Cuba protectorate of the United States
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the amendment required U.S. approval for Cuba’s treaties
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why did many Puerto Ricans dislike the Foraker Act
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the Foraker Act granted only partial citizenship to Puerto Ricans
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how did the outcome of the Spanish-American War affect the people of Cuba and Puerto Rico
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they had their rights restricted
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what was the effect of the Platt Amendment
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it restricted the righst of newly independent Cubans
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according to the Roosevelt Corollary, how did the United States justify its intervention in Latin America
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it prevented European powers from intervening there
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why did President Theodore Roosevelt’s advocate the policy of “big stick” diplomacy for the United States
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Roosevelt believed the United States had a responsibility to “civilize” other nations
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how did Roozevelt Corallary update the monroe Doctrine, which kept European powers out of Latin American countries
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the Roosevelt Corallary claimed that the United States had the right to intervene in Latin America
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what action did the United States take to get rights to the land on which the Panama Canal was built
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the United States military supported Panamanian rebels seeking independence from Colombia
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how did President Taft’s “dollar diplomacy” help Americans gain economic power over Latin American countries
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Americans invested in banks, buisinesses, and resources in Latin America
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which depended on a strong military to achieve America’s goals
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“big stick” diplomacy
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after it declared its independence from Columbia, what did Panama give the United States
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control over the “Canal Zone”
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which updated the Monroe Doctrine for an age of economic imperialism
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Roosevelt Corollary
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according to President Wilson, what three ideas did his “moral diplomacy” promote
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human rights, national integrity, and opportunity
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how did President Woodrow Wilson’s “moral diplomacy” differ from Roosevelt’s “big stick” policy of military force
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“moral diplomacy” promoted human rights, independence, and equal opportunity
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President Woodrow Wilson believed in “moral diplomacy.” why did he send American forces into Mexico to pursue Francisco “Pancho” Villa
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Villa had raided a village in New Mexico and killed Americans
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what action by President Woodrow Wilson was an example of his use of “big stick” diplomacy rather than “moral diplomacy”
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he sent marines to help Venustiano Carranza assume the presidency of Mexico
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which policy favored honorable diplomacy but still resorted to military intervention upon occassion
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moral diplomacy
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in the Mexican Revolution, Victoriano Huerta seized power and executed Francisco Madero. Which action did the U.S. President take under “moral diplomacy”
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he did not accept a “government of butchers” and favored another reformer
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who was the U.S. Presidnet most closely associated with “moral diplomacy”
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Woodrow Wilson
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what was the result of President Taft’s “dollar diplomacy”
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American investments in Latin America increased
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what led to discontent among Puerto Ricans even after the passage of the foraker Act and the Jones-Shafroth Act
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Peurto Ricans’ did not enjoy the same rights as U.S. citizens
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what action did President Woodrow Wilson take that sent a strong message to the American people about his new “moral diplomacy”
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he appointed an anti-imperialist as Secretary of State
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what was one example of American’s use of the “big stick” policy
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the dispatch of American troops to Nicaragua to protect its pro-American government
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why did President Wilson send marines to Haiti in 1915
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to protect American investments and guard against European aggression
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why did the U.S. dispatch warships to the waters off Panama
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to aid Panamanian rebellion against Colombia
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what was the effect of the Platt Amendment on U.S. relations with Cuba
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it made Cuba a protectorate of the United States
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what right did the United States claim under the Roosevelt Corollary
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the right to assume police power in Latin America
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why did President Wilson withdraw American troops from Mexico in 1917
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he was concerned about World War 1 raging in Europe

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