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Occupational Adaptation (OA) Model of Practice

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What is the central idea of the Occupational Adaptation MOP?
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Adaptation
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Occupational Adaptation was originally a FOR. true/false
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True
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OA was first introduced within which FORs?
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OA was 1st introduced in FORs in pediatric practice such as sensory integration & spatiotemporal adaptation
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Who created the OA?
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Schkade & Schultze
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What is the optimal goal of OA?
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Relative mastery & occupational adaptation
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How does OA represent one of the most complex occupation-based models?
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By incorporating dynamic inter-relationships of multiple factors & subprocesses
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What are the three elements of OA?
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person, environment, & the interaction between the two
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Which areas of the OTPF does the OA encompass?
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All areas of the OTPF
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What is critically important to the OA model in order to facilitate the client’s internal adaptative process?
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Therapeutic use of self by the OT practitioner
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What is part of the normative process of human adaptation?
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Occupational performance
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What is the major difference between OA & most other models in regards to function & adaptation?
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Most models make the assumption that when clients become functional, they adapt. The OA model assumes the opposite-that when people have the capacity to adapt, they can function.
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What are the 4 subprocesses of OA?
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1) adaptative response generation 2) adaptive response evaluation 3) adaptive response integration 4) evaluation of response outcome
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Which subprocess anticipates the necessary components of an adaptive response, and what are the 3 mechanisms of that subprocess?
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Adaptive response generation subprocess; 1) adaptation energy 2) adaptive response modes 3) adaptive response behaviors
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Which subprocess occurs when the person evaluates the quality of the occupational response, which OA refers to as the extent of “relative mastery”?
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Adaptive response evaluation subprocess
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Which subprocess is activated when the person’s judgement of relative mastery is unsatisfactory, and it prompts the individual to try different or new responses to the same occupational challenge & try to produce a better outcome?
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Adaptive response integration subprocess
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Which subprocess is activated after the occupational response is generated?
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Evaluation of response outcomes subprocess
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What is identified through the client’s experience of relative mastery?
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Adaptation
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The continuum of function & dysfunction include which 3 possible states?
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1) occupational adaptation 2) homeostasis 3) occupational dys-adaptation
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How does the OA model view successful occupational performance?
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It’s viewed as the “direct result of the person’s ability to adapt with sufficient mastery to satisfy self & others”.
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What are the 3 resources of motivation mentioned in the OA model?
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1) desire for mastery [person] 2) press for mastery [person-environment interaction] 3) demand for mastery [environment]
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What are the 3 areas of reasoning that the authors of OA have created as a guide to practice?
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1) OA data gathering 2) OA programming 3) Evaluation of the occupational adaptation process
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Are there specific assessment tools designed for the OA model? yes/no
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No. However, evaluation of adaptive capacity is best accomplished w/in the context of occupational performance.
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What is the focus of intervention in OA model?
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intervention on occupational roles
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What are the two ways that groups are structured in OA?
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1) Clients are placed in groups according to the meaningful life roles they choose to work on in therapy. 2) Cognitive & psychosocial abilities of group members should be similar.
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What should goals of any OA intervention facilitate improvement in?
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client’s adaptiveness
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The goal of OA groups is more on _____ & ______.
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Process & learning