Nursing History

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Which of the following is not true regarding the role of nursing in early civilizations?
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The role of the nurse was highly valued and respected by society.
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Florence Nightingale is credited with the following contribution to nursing education
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Advocated for formal education of nurses, including continuing education.
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Which of the following statements correctly identifies the difference between Continuing Education and In service Education
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Continuing Education is focused on professional development and In service education is meant to increase the knowledge or skill of nurses in a specific institution or organization
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Which of the following is the national organization for students enrolled in nursing education programs?
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NSNA
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Which of the following correctly describes the impact of World War II on the profession of nursing?
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Training programs for nurses greatly increased.
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The year in which Task differentiation for RN and LPNs was established by the Joint Committee on Practical Nurses and Auxiliary Workers in Nursing Services in:
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1949
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Madeline Leininger is known for the development of which nursing theory?
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Culture Care Theory
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The legislation that defines the role and scope of practice for nurses is:
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State Nursing Practice Act
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The philosophy of patient centered care includes
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Ensures that patients have adequate information to make health care decisions.
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This nursing leader trained at Kaiserswerth School in Germany. Her attentiveness to the impact of envirionment on soldiers health resulted in a significant decline in death rate of injured and ill soldiers during the Crimean War
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Florence Nightengale
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This nursing leader, actually a teacher, was appointed Superintendent of the department of Nurses for the Army in 1864 and later was integral in establishing the first chapter of the American Red Cross.
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Clara Barton
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This nursing leader, a social worker and public health nurse, established the Henry Street Settlement in 1893 to provide nursing services to the poor.
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Lillian Wald
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Founded Planned Parenthood
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Margaret Sanger
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This nursing leader advocated for nurses to be educated by nurses instead of physicians and is credited with writing the first nursing textbook.
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Isabel Hampton Robb
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This nursing theorist believed the nurse functioned by assisting the patient to accomplish what they would do on thier own if they were able. Her Fundamental Needs Theory closely aligns with Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human needs.
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Virginia Henderson
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This theorist focused on self care deficits the nurse could address through total or partial care and/or supportive care.
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Dorothea Orem
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This nursing theorist focused on the relationship that developed between the patient and nurse.
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Hildegard Peplau
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This nursing theorist developed the Theory of Human Care focusing on harmony of the body, mind and spirit as well as, self-perception.
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Jean Watson
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This nursing theorist developed her theory around the recognition that competent care took a client’s culture into consideration.
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Madeline Leininger
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The nurse explains the purpose, dosage and administration schedule of a newly prescribed medication to a client.
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Teacher
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The LPN facilitates the implementation of a turning schedule to prevent skin breakdown for a bed ridden client by collaborating with the client, family and assistive personnel.
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Expanded role or Manager
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The RN assesses his client and determines they are a high fall risk. He then takes steps to implement fall precautions according to his hospital’s policy.
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Care Giver
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The pre licensure program you are all in.
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Practical Nursing Program – Entry Level Program
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This type of pre-licensure nursing program takes place at a private or public college or university. 4 Years
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Bachelor’s Program
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This nursing education program is offered at a community, junior or technical college and prepares the graduate to take the NCLEX-RN licensure exam. 4-6 semesters. (2years)
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associate’s degree program?
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This type of education is chosen to meet the specific needs of a facility such as training on new equipment
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in service program
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With additional education a registered nurse may expand into a specialty role such as a nurse practitioner or certified nurse midwife.
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Advanced Practice Registered Nurse
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Founded in 1941 this organization’s focus is protecting the practice, education and regulation of practical nurses
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NAPNES (National Association for Practical Nurse Education and Service, inc,) ?
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This is the professional organization for registered nurses in the United States. ” Its primary mission is to be involved in public education, clinical nursing standards, and lobbying state and federal lawmakers to advance the profession of nursing. It addresses ethics, public policy, and the economic and general welfare of nurses” American Nursing Today American Nurse
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ANA (American Nurses Association)
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This professional nursing organization leads in setting the standards for nursing education programs. “open to all people interested in nursing, including nurses, nonnurses, and agencies.”
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NLN (National League of Nursing)
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This organization, an extension of the ANA, represents registered nurses in the state of Iowa.
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INA (Iowa Nurses Association)
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This professional organization is the policy making body for practical or vocational nurses. Voting members can only be LPNs.
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NFLPN (National Federation of Licensed Practical Nurses)
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What was Nightingales definitions of Nursing?
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Act of meeting the needs of the patient by manipulating their Environment.
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What was Hendersons definitions of Nursing?
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Assist the sick or well to do what they would do themselves if they could in achieving health, recovery or peaceful death.
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What is the ANA’s definitions of Nursing:
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o 1973: “Nursing practice is direct, goal oriented, and adaptable to the needs of the individual, the family, and community during health and illness.” o 1980: “nursing is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problems.” o Today: Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations.
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Assist the client physically, psychologically, cultural, and spiritual. Collaborates with other health professionals
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Caregiver
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Identifies client problems and communicates them to other members of the health care team
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Communicator
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Assesses learning needs and readiness to learn and teaches about health problems and reinforces the doctor’s teaching
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Teacher
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Speaks up for the client, represents his/her wishes to others. Stops HIPPA violations
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Client Advocate
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Helps clients recognize and cope with stressful problems Focus on “normal” adjustments May need to get professional help for some clients
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Counselor
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Influences others to work together Has interpersonal skills to influence others
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Leader
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Manages nursing care of individuals Has title of “manager”
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Manger
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Reads and is knowledgeable about the latest research Uses research to improve nursing care
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Resercher Comsumer/ Resercher
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Works with others
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Collaborator
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Planned Parenthood
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Margaret Sanger
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Public health Nurse, Henry Street Settlement
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Lillian Wald
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American Red Cross
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Clara Barton
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Trained at Kaiserswerth School in Germany. Her attentiveness to the impact of environment on soldiers health resulted in a significant decline in death rate of injured and ill soldiers during the Crimean war.
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Florence Nightengale
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Advocated for Nurses to be educated by nurses, Wrote the first nursing textbook
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Isabel Hampton Robb
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Believed the nurse functioned by assisting the patient to accomplish what they would do on their own if they were able . Closely aligns with Maslow’s Hierarchy of human needs
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Virginia Henderson
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Self care Theorist
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Dorothea Orem
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Relationship that developed between the patient and the nurse
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Hildegard Peplau
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Theory of human care focusing on harmony of the body, mind and spirit as well as self-perception
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jean watson
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Theorist developed her theory around the recognition that competent care took a clients culture into consideration
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Madeline Leiniger
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Influence of AIDS epidemic
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Universal Precautions
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Exposure to hazardous material
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MSDS Sheets
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Growing concern about the nation’s health
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healthy people 2010
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1st president of forerunner of ANA
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Lavinia Dock
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Opened 1st birth control clinic in America
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Margaret Sanger
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Her ideas were the background of the 1st associate degree program
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Mildred Montag
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Organized Frontier Nursing Service In Kentucky
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Mary Breckinridge
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Superintendent of nurses during the civil war and worked to improve care for mentally ill
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Dorothea lynde Dix
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Wrote “Notes on Nursing”
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Florence Nightingale
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Founded 1st visiting nursing service for the poor
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Lillian Wald
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Promoted nurses rights, 8 hours days, 3 hours training program and licensure
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Lsabel Hampton robb
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Helped establish the American red cross
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Clara Barton
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What is the Art and Science of Nursing?
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Art: compassion, Empathy, Understanding. Science: Medication, Communication, Assessment Skills
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What is the criteria of nursing practice
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Professional ism Specialized Education: Nursing classes that are approved by the board of nursing Service Orientation: Provide the science of nursing care to people Recognized Authority by a professional Group: ANA- They set the standards for education and practice. Research: To build Knowledge Code of This: 1950 by the ANA Autonomy: We govern ourselves
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Expanded Role Of Practical / Vocational Nurse: Give an Sample
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An example of the expanded role of the practical/vocational nurse is the charge nurse position in nursing homes/long-term care facilities. During implementation of care by the LPN/LVN, the RN is available to help in decision making when questions arise, either on-site (direct supervision) or by phone (general supervision).
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Identify the importance of nursing theories to the nursing profession.
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Nursing Theory: Has made a valuable contribution to the nursing body of knowledge in the latter half of 20th century. Describes, explains, and predicts desired outcomes of nursing. Primary focus: client and response. Defines nursing’s contribution to client care provides structure for communication with other nurses Provides framework to guide research.
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Describe the four metaparadigms included in nursing theories.
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Metaparadigms: “with Pattern” Nursing- role Health-condition Environment-where is care taking place person ( client) who is the client
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Discuss the relevance of nursing research to nursing practice.
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1.) Best research evidence 2.) Nurses clinical expertise 3.) Patient Preferences
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Identify The two main types of research
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Quantitative- Numbers – measureable collect data Qualitative- Subjective, Interviews, Phenomenology is a type of qualitative study.
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What year was the first school of nursing opened?
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1836
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What year did the differentiated between tasks of RN and LPN happen?
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1949
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What happened in the Civil War
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1)women offered their services as nurses to the government. one hundred women were selected to take a short training course from doctors in New York. 2)Dorthea Lynde Dix A)Started the first mental hospital B)first superintendent during the civil war. 3)Clara Barton – Started the first chapter of the American Red Cross
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What two things is Dorthea Lynde Dix Known for?
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1)Started the first mental hospital 2)first superintendent during the civil war.
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Clara Barton
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First chapter of American Red Cross
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What Act happened in WWI?
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The Smith Hughes Act of 1917. Provided money for developing additional schools of practical nursing.
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What is Maslow’s human needs Theory
What is Maslow's human needs Theory
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Jean Watsons Theory of Human Care
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harmony between the body, mind, and spirit. Illness is a lack of harmony within the self and the soul.
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Thought nurses should educate student nurses
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Robb
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Rounded the Frontier Nursing service
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Breckrenridge
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Developed the nursing theory of human caring
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Watson
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Developed a theory to explain the importance of culture in nursing care
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Leininger
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Developed a self care theory
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Orem
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her Dissertation led to the development of associate degree nursing program
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Montage
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Established the first hospital for the mentally ill
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Dix
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Changed the image of nursing from handmaiden to one of respect
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Nightingale
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Helped establish the first chapter of the American red cross
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barton
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Felt the nurses role was to help patients do what they would do themselves if they could.
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Henderson
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Considered the founder of planned parenthood
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Sanger
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Advocator for women suffrage
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Dix
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Considered the first community health nurse in in the United States
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Wald

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