NSC First Aid, CPR & AED

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Sign of heatstroke
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hot, flushed skin
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When to call 9-1-1
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for any life-threatening condition
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chest compression rate
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100 compressions per minute
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protection method against all bloodborne diseases
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wear of gloves or other barriers when blood or body fluid is present
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step to take after scene is safe – 1st thing to do in initial assessment of victim
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check for responsiveness
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when no signs of trauma, put victim in shock position on…
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back, with feet raised 6 to 12 inches
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when victim feels chest discomfort, pressure or pain that does not go away, call
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9-1-1 immediately
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1st step for responsive victim of a swallowed poison without immediate threat to life…
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call Poison Control Center
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depth of chest compressions in CPR for an adult
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at least 2 inches
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victim having a severe allergic reation to a bee sting may have…
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difficulty breathing
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move an unresponsive victim only if…
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scene is unsafe
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put ice on a sprained ankle…
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for 20 minutes (or 10 if uncomfortable) then off for at least 30 minutes
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AED should be used on a non-breathing victim seen to collapse suddenly…
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as soon as possible
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first aid for a serious burn includes…
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putting a loose dressing on the burn after cooling it
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to control severe bleeding…
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put direct pressure on the wound
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situation in which to put a non-trauma victim in the recovery position:
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unresponsive and BREATHING
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step to take when a choking victim is coughing…
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encourage continued coughing to expel the object
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victims on which to use spinal motion restriction while waiting for help to arrive:
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man who fell from roof; elderly woman who fell on icy sidewalk; child struck by car while riding bike; (anyone whose spine is likely to be damaged or hip broken)
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correct ratio of compressions to breaths in CPR
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30 to 2
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when connected properly to victim, AED unit will advise you when…
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…when to administer shock
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hand position for abdominal thrusts to a responsive choking adult…
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middle of abdomen just above the navel
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position the victim ________to use the AED appropriately
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on his/her back
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result of wrapping a bandage too tightly around a victim’s arm
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victim’s fingers become numb
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when you have automatic consent of a victim to give first aid:
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when it is an unresponsive adult
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1st aid for stroke includes…
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put victim on back; head & shoulders slightly raised
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someone wearing diabetes medical ID with diabetic emergency, but you are unclear whether it is high or low blood sugar…
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give the victim sugar
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determine if victim is choking by asking…
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“are you choking?”
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abdominal thrusts are given to a responsive choking victim by…
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thrusting inward and upward into the abdomen
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immediately after AED delivers shock – next step is…
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perform CPR starting with chest compressions
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what to do is victim has large object impaled in a chest wound…
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dress and bandage wound AROUND THE OBJECT
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step to take if person has seizure
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put pillow or folded coat under victim’s head
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victim with asthma may carry…
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an inhaler
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hand position for chest compressions in CPR for an adult
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on lower half of breastbone midway between nipples
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first step to take with a severe 2nd or 3rd degree burn…
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stop the burning and cool the area
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step to take if an organ is protruding from an open abdominal injury…
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do not push it back in, cover wound with moist or dry occlusive dressing
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victim with severy allergy to bee stings may carry what drug for emergency use?
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an EpiPen
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what to do to ensure your air goes into victim’s lungs during rescue breathing…
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watch for victim’s chest to rise
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how to check an infant for responsiveness
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patting his/her feet and shoulders
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step to take for an infant that is unconscious and unresponsive
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perform CPR for 5 cycles, then call 911
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what to do for a responsive infant that is choking
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give series of 5 back blows and 5 chest compressions until object is expelled

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