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NPTE: Lab Values

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SpO2
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95-100%
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PaO2
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80-100 mm Hg
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PaCO2
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35-45 mm Hg
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pH
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7.35-7.45
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pH < 7.35
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acidotic
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pH > 7.45
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alkalotic
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Prothrombin time (PT)
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11-15 sec
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Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)
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25-40 sec
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International normalized ratio (INR): desirable
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<2
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International normalized ratio (INR): consult with MD for increased risk of bleeding
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>2
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International normalized ratio (INR): risk of hemarthrosis
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>3
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Bleeding time
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2-10 min
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C-reactive protein (CRP)
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<10 mg/L
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C-reactive protein (CRP) > 100 mg/L
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associated with inflammation & infection
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White blood cells
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4,300-10,800 cells/mm^3
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Exercise considerations: White blood cells>5000
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light exercise only
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Exercise considerations: White blood cells<5000
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with fever, exercise is contraindicated
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Exercise considerations: White blood cells<1000
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use mask, standard precautions
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Red blood cells: male
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4.6-6.2 10^6 uL
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Red blood cells: female
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4.2-5.9 10^6 uL
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Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR): male
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<15 mm/hr
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Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR): female
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<20 mm/hr
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Hematocrit (Hct): male
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45-52%
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Hematocrit (Hct): female
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37-48%
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Exercise considerations: Hct >25% but less than normal
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light exercise only
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Exercise considerations: Hct <25%
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exercise is contraindicated
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Platelet count
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150,000-450,000 cells/mm^3
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Exercise considerations: platelet count <20,000
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AROM, ADLs only
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Exercise considerations: platelet count 20,000-30,000
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light exercise only
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Exercise considerations: platelet count 30,000-50,000
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moderate exercise only
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Fibrinogen, plasma
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175-433 mg/dL
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Hemoglobin (Hgb): male
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13-18 g/dL
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Hemoglobin (Hgb): female
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12-16 g/dL
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Exercise consideration: Hgb 8-10 g/dL
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-results in decreased exercise tolerance, increased fatigue & tachycardia -use light exercise only
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Exercise consideration: Hgb <8 g/dL
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exercise contraindicated
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CO2 content in blood
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23-29 mEq/L
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HCO3
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22-26 mEq/L
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SaO2
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95-98%
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SaO2 < 88-90% require
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supplemental oxygen
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Total cholesterol: desirable
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< 200 mg/dL
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Total cholesterol: borderline
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200-239 mg/dL
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Total cholesterol: high
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>240 mg/dL
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LDL cholesterol: optimal
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<100 mg/dL
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LDL cholesterol: near optimal
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100-129 mg/dL
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LDL cholesterol: borderline
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130-159 mg/dL
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LDL cholesterol: high
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160-189 mg/dL
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LDL cholesterol: very high
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190 mg/dL
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HDL cholesterol: low
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<40 mg/dL
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HDL cholesterol: high
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>/= 60 mg/dL
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Trigyclerides: desirable
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<150 mg/dL
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Trigyclerides: borderline
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150-199 mg/dL
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Trigyclerides: high
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200-499 mg/dL
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Trigyclerides: very high
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>/= 500 mg/dL