n-heptanoic acid C7H14O2 structure

C7H14O2 structure
Molecular Formula C7H14O2
Average mass 130.185 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 222.6±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 99.2±11.9 °C
Molar Refractivity 36.0±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 14.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 33.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 138.7±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a pungent and rancid odour Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless oily liquid/ disagreeable rancid, sour, fatty odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Heptanoic acid
    • Stability:

      Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents,bases, reducing agents. Combustible.Protect from light. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 7000 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 6400 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      26-28-36/37/39-45 Alfa Aesar A17704
      34 Alfa Aesar A17704
      8 Alfa Aesar A17704
      Danger Alfa Aesar A17704
      Danger Biosynth Q-201191
      DANGER: CORROSIVE, burns skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A17704
      GHS05 Biosynth Q-201191
      H314 Alfa Aesar A17704
      H314 Biosynth Q-201191
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 083020
      P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A17704
      P280; P305+P351+P338; P310 Biosynth Q-201191
      R34 SynQuest 2121-1-14
      S23,S24/25,S26,S36/37/39,S45 SynQuest 2121-1-14
      Safety glasses, adequate ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1073 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_291371, replib_151732, replib_2856, replib_229114
      1065 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: E-301; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas’ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      176.75 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science;Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      177.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 29.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 642, 1993, 409-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

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      1063 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iranshahi, M.; Amin, G.; Sourmaghi, M.S.; Shafiee, A.; Hadjiakhoondi, A., Sulphur-containing compounds in the essential oil of the root of Ferula persica Willd. var. persica, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 260-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1049 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C =; 20C/min =; 85C =; 1C/min =; 145C =; 3C/min =; 250C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guyot-Declerck, C.; Renson, S.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Floral quality and discrimination of Lavandula stoechas, Lavandula angustifolia, and Lavandula angustifolia * latifolia honeys, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 453-459.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =; 2C/min =;130C =;4C/min =; 250C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 13(5), 2001, 314-318., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quere, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1257-1261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 773-778., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Optima-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: de Beck, P.O.; Bessiere, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 182-185.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1092 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 611-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1064 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1078 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 3 min at 5 C; 5 – 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 – 220 C at 5 deg/min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1085 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.10 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.40 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H., The potential of different techniques for volatile compounds analysis coupled with PCA for the detection of the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil, Food Chem., 110, 2008, 751-761., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Saidana, D.; Mahjoub, M.A.; Boussaada, O.; Chriaa, J.; Cheraif, I.; Daami, M.; Mighri, Z.; Helal, A.N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile compounds of Tamarix boveana (Tamaricaceae), Microbiol. Res., 163, 2008, 445-455.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1065 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) ^ 5 0C/min -; 200 0C ^ 15 0C/min -; 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 79, 2008, 172-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1112 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ozel, M.Z.; Gogus, F.; Lewis, A.C., Comparison of direct thermal desorption with water distillation and superheated water extraction for the analysis of volatile components of Rosa damascena Mill. using GCxGC-TOF/MS, Anal. Chim. Acta., 566, 2006, 172-177.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1098 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shen X.; Gao Y.; Su Q.D., Constituents of the essential oil of Rhizoma polygonati, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 556-558., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 1974-1981.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1076 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =;9C/min =;130C =;2C/min =;230C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hamm, S.; Bleton, J.; Connan, J.; Tchapla, A., A chemical investigation by headspace SPME and GC-MS of volatile and semi-volatile terpenes in various olibanum samples, Phytochemistry, 66, 2005, 1499-1514.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1097 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1058 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =;20C/min =;120C(8min) =;20C/min =; 260C (2min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanches-Silva, A.; Lopez-Hernandez, J.; Paseiro-Losada, P., Profiling flavor compounds of potato crisps during storage using solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 1064, 2005, 239-245.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1072.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pinho, O.; Peres, C.; Ferreira, I.M.P.L.V.O., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds in “Terrincho” ewe cheese. Comparison of different fibers, J. Chromatogr. A, 1011, 2003, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1051 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 23, 2003, 497-511.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1067 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1523-1528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1069 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C ^ 10 0C/min -; 200 0C (20 min) ^ 5 0C/min -; 230 0C (50 min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Timon, M.L.; Ventanas, J.; Martin, L.; Tejeda, J.F.; Garcia, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5143-5150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1080 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -; 200 0C ^ 2 0C/min -; 250 0C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Um, K.W.; Bailey, M.E.; Clarke, A.D.; Chao, R.R., Concentration and identification of volatile compounds from heated beef fat using supercritical CO2 extraction-gas liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(9), 1992, 1641-1646.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1070 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min)=;8C/min=;200C=;2C/min=;250C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suzuki, J.; Bailey, M.E., Direct sampling capillary GLC analysis of flavor volatiles from ovine fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 33(3), 1985, 343-347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1962 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 983, 2003, 19-33., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mo, X.; Fan, W.; Xu, Y., Changes in volatile compounds of Chinese rice wine wheat qu during fermentation and storage, J. of the Institute of Brewing, 115(4), 2009, 300-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1949 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontan, A.; Gatti, P.; Martinez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley’s glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 32(1), 2007, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1934 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 90, 2007, 523-531.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1968 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 229-235.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1970 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 229-235.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1955 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1976 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese ‘Yanghe Daqu’ liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1972 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wierda R.L.; Fletcher G.; Xu L.; Dufour J.P., Analysis of volatile compounds as spoilage indicators in fresh king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during storage using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8480-8490.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1913 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 16(5), 2005, 12-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri